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Effective: Summer 2011
CHLD 73MUSIC & MOVEMENT IN THE EARLY YEARS3 Unit(s)

Grade Type: Letter Grade Only
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Non-GE Transferable: CSU
3 hours lecture. (36 hours total per quarter)

Student Learning Outcomes -
  • Demonstrate knowledge of current research linking music to areas of development
  • Design a music plan to enhance various areas of development.
  • Evaluate music materials for their appropriateness for young children.
Description -
Music and movement activities and experiences that facilitate non-musician teachers to express ideas and implement expanded curriculum ideas for infants/toddlers, preschoolers and school aged children. Elements of presentation and basic concepts of teaching music and movement to promote the growth and development of the young children.

Course Objectives -
Student will be able to:
  1. Recognize the basic elements of music applicable to the infant/toddler, preschool and primary school child.
  2. Evaluate music materials for their appropriateness for young children.
  3. Write a music lesson for young children.
  4. Design a music plan to enhance various areas of development.
  5. Recognize and apply the importance of cultural sensitivity in child development.
  6. Demonstrate knowledge of current research linking music to areas of development.
  7. Plan a music-nurturing environment.
Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
Classroom with wood floors or carpet without tables or with movable chairs/tables.

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. Recognize the basic elements of music applicable to the infant/toddler, preschool and primary school child. (Lec)
    1. Determine applicability of music based on:
      1. Beat
      2. Rhythm
      3. Melody
      4. Singing skills of children
  2. Evaluate music materials for their appropriateness for young children based on children's capacity to (Lec):
    1. Listen
    2. Interact with it
  3. Write a music or movement lesson for young children that will include(Lab):
    1. Extending the learning from that music into various learning centers
      1. Socio-dramatic play
      2. Science
      3. Math
      4. Outdoor play
      5. Library
      6. Cooking
      7. Art
    2. Enhance physical development both on and off the playground
  4. Design a music plan to enhance various areas of development (Lab).
    1. Cognitive (attention and memory)
    2. Social emotional (adult/peer interaction, self concept)
    3. Motor (perceptual, gross and fine)
    4. Communication (receptive and expressive)
    5. Adaptive (self help, personal responsibility)
  5. Recognize and apply the importance of cultural sensitivity in child development. (Lec)
    1. Develop ways to incorporate music/instruments from children's homes into the curriculum.
  6. Demonstrate knowledge of current research linking music to areas of development. (Lec)
    1. Learning through music
      1. Development of listening skills
      2. Strengthening of aural discrimination
      3. Enhancement of memory
      4. Helping children speak clearly and pay attention
      5. Facilitating smoother transitions
      6. Encouragement of children's cooperation, and thinking and problem solving skills
      7. Enhancement of children's literacy skills
    2. Review current research about the influences of music in prenatal stage of development
    3. Understand music as a tool in an inclusive environment
      1. Levels the playing field for all participants
      2. Calms and focuses the mind
      3. Encourages interaction among all children in nonthreatening and enjoyable way
  7. Plan a music-nurturing environment for the classroom that includes (Lab):
    1. Considerations for students with disabilities
    2. Possibility of music in every learning center including outdoors
Methods of Evaluation -
  1. Class work includes building simple rhythm instruments, developing the art of using open ended questions to extend learning opportunities, adapting activities for children with disabilities, and research and presentation of movement activities and songs that foster development.
  2. Reflective writing on reading assignments
  3. Midterm project to evaluate literature related to instruments and people who make music, finger-plays and action songs/rhymes, special holidays and celebrations, different sounds, and lullabies to determine their age appropriateness and when/how to use in the children's environments.
  4. Final project to evaluate the students' ability to plan for improvements in their own programs to bring aspects of music and movement into each interest center including the indoor and outdoor environment.
  5. Class participation.
Representative Text(s) -
Connors, Abigail F. 101 Rhythm Instrument Activities for Young Children. Gryphon House, 2004.
Greta, Joanne. An Introduction to Music in Early Childhood Education, Thomson Delmar Learning, 2006.
Selected articles assigned by instructor.

Disciplines -
Child Development
 
Method of Instruction -
  1. Lecture
  2. Discussion
  3. Cooperative learning exercises
  4. Oral presentations
  5. Class activities
 
Lab Content -
Not applicable.
 
Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
  1. Reading and study of the text.
  2. Reading and written response to test questions, assignments and relevant articles and online reading material.
  3. Reaction writing assignments to video viewings, and experiences such as research projects and field trips.
  4. Research, planning and written evaluation of individual or group creative projects.