|Description - |
|Review of pulmonary anatomy and physiology. Fundamentals of pulmonary diseases and pathology including cancer staging.|
|Course Objectives - |
|The student will be able to: |
- State the structures of the upper and lower airways.
- Describe each structure of the cardiopulmonary respiratory system.
- Discuss respiration and cardiopulmonary circulation.
- Discuss oxygen transport and normal and abnormal factors in oxygen delivery.
- Explain the transport of carbon dioxide throughout the blood.
- Describe the alveolar capillary membrane and gas diffusion.
- Relate neural control of the lungs to the process of respiration.
- Discuss ventilation/perfusion and the causes and consequences of a mismatch.
- Graph lung volumes and capacities.
- Examine acid-base balance.
- Describe pulmonary diseases and disorders including their cause, clinical features, and management.
- Differentiate the differences between small cell and non-small cell carcinoma, their clinical manifestation, staging and management.
- Describe the major postoperative respiratory complications and the mechanisms useful in preventing and treating these problems.
|Special Facilities and/or Equipment - |
- Multimedia classroom
- Computer access for ETUDES component
|Course Content (Body of knowledge) - |
- Review of the airways
- The upper airways.
- The lower airways.
- Mainstem bronchi
- Segmental bronchi
- Terminal bronchioles
- Respiratory bronchioles
- Acini and alveoli
- Review of the cardiopulmonary respiratory system.
- Bronchopulmonary segments.
- Right lung segments
- Left lung segments
- The mucus blanket.
- Sol layer layer
- Gel layer
- Goblet cells and mucus glands
- The heart
- The heart chambers
- The heart valves
- Respiratory muscles during inspiration, expiration and at rest
- Respiration and cardiopulmonary circulation
- Overview of specific ventilatory patterns
- The effect of airway resistance and lung compliance on ventilation
- Diagram the pulmonary, systemic, and bronchial circulation.
- Large arteries and veins
- Oxygen transport
- Normal factors in oxygen delivery
- Abnormal factors in oxygen delivery
- Carbon dioxide transport
- Carbon dioxide transport in the blood
- Elimination of carbon dioxide in the lungs
- The alveolar capillary membrane and gas diffusion.
- type 1 cells
- type 2 cells
- Neural control of respiration
- The brain stem and the spinal cord
- Voluntary and involuntary mechanisms
- Chemical and mechanical components
- Ventilation perfusion (V/Q)relationships
- Review of the ventilation-perfusion ratio
- Respiratory disorders and their effect on V/Q mismatch
- The lung volumes and capacities.
- four volumes
- four capacities
- Acid-base balance
- The pH scale
- The buffer system
- Pulmonary diseases
- Restrictive vs. obstructive diseases
- Infectious diseases
- Interstitial lung diseases
- Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
- Cystic Fibrosis and related diseases
- Pleural diseases
- Pulmonary vascular diseases
- Acute lung injury
- Pulmonary edema
- Multiple system organ failure
- Diseases of the chest wall including neuromuscular diseases
- Neonatal and pediatric respiratory disorders
- Lung cancer
- Lung cancer
- Small cell lung CA
- Non small cell lung CA
- Sqamous cell carcinoma
- Large cell carcinoma
- Staging of lung cancer
- TNM Classification
- Stages for non-small cell CA
- Stage 0
- Stage I
- Stage II
- Stage IIIA
- Stage IIIB
- Stage IV
- Staging for small cell CA
- Postoperative complications
|Methods of Evaluation - |
|Methods of evaluation may include, but are not limited to quizzes, midterm, and a comprehensive final examination for content, terminology, and knowledge of subject matter. |
|Representative Text(s) - |
|Ernst & Herth, Principles and Practice of Interventional Pulmonology. New York, Springer Publishing, 2013. ISBN: 9781461442912 |
|Disciplines - |
|Respiratory Technologies |
|Method of Instruction - |
|Methods of instruction may include, but are not limited to Lecture, discussion, online modules, and tutorials. |
|Lab Content - |
|Not applicable. |
|Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments - |
|Types of required reading and writing may include, but are not limited to weekly reading from the textbook, cooperative learning exercises and online content. |