|Description - |
|This course discusses the relationships with death, as an individual, as a health professional, and as a member of society. It explores the universal phenomena of dying, death, and bereavement with a special emphasis on academic and interpersonal skills that allow individuals to increase their understanding and appreciation of cultural differences and similarities, within, among, and between groups.|
|Course Objectives - |
|The student will be able to: |
- Explore own attitudes and beliefs toward death, dying and bereavement.
- Distinguish dying from death.
- Understand both individual and cultural attitudes and belief systems and how they influence both how we die and how we live and deal with the knowledge of death and loss.
- Describe some of the diverse and complex issues surrounding the end of life.
- Identify some of the resources available to deal with issues of life's end.
- List strategies for health care organizations to increase their cultural competence.
- Identify major skills important in providing culturally competent care at the end of life.
- Describe specific needs of terminally ill patients from Hindu, Buddhist, Muslim and Judeo-Christian background.
|Special Facilities and/or Equipment - |
|Multimedia classroom |
|Course Content (Body of knowledge) - |
- Introduction to Death and Dying across Cultures
- Death Anxiety
- Accepting and Denying Death
- Attitudes, Beliefs, and Feelings across Cultures
- Personal Inventories
- The Interpersonal Side of Acceptance and Denial
- The Process of Dying across Cultures
- Stage Theories
- The Death System
- Improving End of Life Care: Hospice and Palliative Care
- Appropriate decision-making process with family members
- Attention to cultural differences in preferences for life sustaining procedures
- Needs of family members to play culturally prescribed roles
- On Being with Dying; End of Life Issues and Decisions; Advance Directives
- Sensitivity to differences in beliefs about use of opiates for pain control
- Sensitivity to differences in beliefs about nutrition and hydration at end of life
- Special focus on patients from diverse cultural backgrounds (Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Muslim, Catholic Filipino)
- Suicide, Euthanasia, Physician Assisted Death
- Statistic Overview
- Cultural Meanings
- Individual Meanings
- Grief and the Grieving Process
- Theoretical Perspectives and Types of Grief
- How do People éâ˛recover' from Grief
- Bereavement in Later Life
- Working with Grief across Cultures
- Special focus on widows from diverse cultural backgrounds
- Practical Matters around Death; The Funeral process; Rituals; Moving toward the Sacred
- What do Funerals Mean to Us?
- Common Elements
- Improving the Funeral Process. Major components of and strategies to implement culturally competent end of life care
- Improving our Communication and Understanding
- Assessments and Spiritual Histories
- Effective Method to move toward cultural competence.
|Methods of Evaluation - |
- Participation in class discussions
- Midterm and Final Exams and individual student presentations
- Reflective Writing
|Representative Text(s) - |
|Dickinson, G.E., and M. R Leming. Dying, Death, and Bereavement. Tenth Edition. Dubuque, IA: McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2013. |
|Disciplines - |
|Method of Instruction - |
- Small Group Discussion
|Lab Content - |
|Not applicable. |
|Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments - |
- Examples of weekly readings:
- Text book Dying, Death, and Bereavement é Annual Editions
- Weekly Chapter readings
- Example of Writing and Presentation Assignments for Midterm and Final
- Reflection paper on historical, cultural and personal experiences with death
- Final Presentation on topic of choice related to death, dying and bereavement.