Print Version

Effective: Summer 2016

Advisory: Advisory: This course is included in the Book Arts & Paper family of activity courses; not open to students with credit in ART 30 or GID 30.
Grade Type: Letter Grade, the student may select Pass/No Pass
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Non-GE Transferable: CSU
3 hours lecture, 3 hours labratory. (72 hours total per quarter)

Description -
Introduction to the skills and techniques of the paper arts. Mold and cast hand-made paper from various cultures. Embedded and surface structural and decorative techniques. Construction of basic paper making tools. Exploration of paper as applied to print arts, book arts and graphic design projects. History of papermaking. Emphasis on materials, processes and techniques while exploring form and content.

Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
  1. demonstrate knowledge of various traditions, processes, characteristics and applications of paper.
  2. construct basic western papermaking equipment.
  3. construct handmade paper from diverse ethnic and historical traditions.
  4. demonstrate a variety of integrated and surface variations.
  5. demonstrate traditional and non-traditional applications of paper in the paper, book and print arts.
  6. discuss and analyze content and form in paper arts.
  7. evaluate craftspersonship in the paper arts.
  8. understand and practice the safe handling of tools and materials.

Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
  1. 24" x 36" table space for each student. Paper making stations including sink with hose, pulp tubs, paper molds & deckles, blankets, paper press and drying rack. Screen-making equipment including wood saw, drill and wood clamps. Studio equipment including light table, paper cutter, mat board cutter, etching press.
  2. When taught via Foothill Global Access:
    1. On-going access to computer with Email software and capabilities.
    2. Email address.
    3. Java-script enabled internet browsing software.

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. History of Papermaking and Paper Arts
    1. Antecedents of paper (Lec)
      1. Stone, clay, bone, wood, wax, and shell tablets (Lec)
      2. Flora: Papyrus, amate, huun, tapa, rice paper (Lec)
      3. Fauna: Parchment and vellum (Lec)
    2. Papermaking in Eastern Cultures (Lec)
      1. Asia: China, Japan, Korea (Lec)
      2. Middle East: India, South East Asia (Lec)
    3. Papermaking in Western Cultures (Lec)
      1. Europe (Lec)
      2. The Americas (Lec)
    4. Commercial Paper production (Lec)
      1. Paper Mills (Lec)
    5. Business applications (Lec)
      1. commercial uses (Lec)
      2. creative uses (Lec)
    6. Paper as Contemporary Art Practice and Cultural Force (Lec)
      1. Historical development (Lec)
      2. Contemporary practices (Lec)
      3. Contributions by diverse populations (Lec)
  2. Characteristic and properties of paper
    1. General categories of paper (Lec)
      1. Machine made art papers (Lec)
      2. Handmade art papers (Lec)
      3. Commercial papers (Lec)
    2. Paper Characteristics (Lec)
      1. Strength and size (Lec)
      2. Deckle edge, cut edge, textures (Lec)
      3. Added materials, dyes, alternative fibers (Lec)
      4. Sizings, coatings (Lec)
  3. Paper Making
    1. Sheet paper (Lab)
      1. studio preparation (Lab)
      2. making the sheet (Lab)
      3. studio clean up (Lab)
    2. Cast paper (Lab)
      1. studio preparation (Lab)
      2. casting paper (Lab)
      3. studio clean up (Lab)
    3. Sculptural paper (Lab)
      1. studio preparation (Lab)
      2. sculpting paper (Lab)
      3. studio clean up (Lab)
  4. Ecological Concerns
    1. Toxicity (Lec)
    2. Water usage (Lec)
    3. Recycling (Lec)
    4. Forestry, tree farming and harvesting (Lec)
    5. Sustainability (Lec)
  5. Paper Making Equipment and Tools
    1. Grinders, beaters, vats (Lec)
    2. Vacuum table (Lec)
    3. Press (Lec)
    4. Drying system (Lec)
    5. Mould and deckle (Lec)
    6. Plaster molds (Lec)
  6. Paper Making Substrates & Materials
    1. Pulp, fibers (Lec)
    2. Coloring and texturizing agents (Lec)
    3. Decorative additives (Lec)
  7. Production Skills
    1. Tool Usage & Safety (Lec)
      1. Wood saw, heavy-duty stapler, needle-nose pliers (Lec)
      2. Beaters, vats, vacuum table, mould & deckle, drying system (Lec)
      3. Ruler, t-square, triangle (Lec)
      4. Paper cutter, board cutter (Lec)
      5. Awl, bone folder, sewing needles (Lec)
      6. Plaster mold-making (Lec)
    2. Presses (Lec)
      1. Etching press (Lec)
      2. letterpress (Lec)
  8. Studio Techniques
    1. Basic Papermaking (Lab)
      1. Safety, ecological considerations and recycling (Lab)
      2. Selection and preparation of fibers (Lab)
      3. Beating (Lab)
      4. Pulling sheets (Lab)
      5. Incorporating color and texture (Lab)
    2. Basic Western Traditional Book Binding and Construction (Lec)
      1. Measuring, folding, scoring and tearing paper (Lec)
      2. Accordion fold and concertina binding (Lec)
      3. Signature and pamphlet binding (Lec)
      4. Altered books (Lec)
      5. Alternative and hybrid forms (Lec)
    3. Surface Design (Lec)
      1. Monoprinting (Lec)
      2. Letterpress (Lec)
      3. Collage, drawing and painting (Lec)
    4. Three Dimensional Paper Sculpture (Lec)
      1. Mold-making and cast paper (Lec)
      2. Sculptural paper (Lec)
      3. Utilitarian objects (Lec)
  9. Applications of Handmade Paper (
    1. Printmaking (Lab)
    2. Books and journals (Lab)
    3. Sculpture, castings and other three dimensional objects (Lab)
    4. Collage, drawing, painting, marbling (Lab)
  10. Project Development
    1. Research and information gathering (Lab)
    2. Defining communication objectives and design objectives (Lab)
    3. Prototypes and mock-ups (Lab)
    4. Production (Lab)
    5. Evaluation (Lab)
  11. Safety & use of tools
    1. Working in a shared studio space (Lec)
    2. Proper use of of tools and equipment (Lec)
    3. Tool and equipment maintenance (Lec)
  12. Environmental practices
    1. Working in a shared studio space (Lec)
    2. Environmental concerns and personal safety (Lec)
    3. Reading and understanding product instructions (Lec)
    4. Reading and understanding Material Safety Data sheets (Lec)
    5. Reading and understanding safety signage in the studio (Lec)
    6. Proper disposal and recycling of materials (Lec)
    7. Environmental safety requirements at Foothill College (Lec)

Methods of Evaluation -
  1. Evaluation of prints produced. Evaluation of each project is determined by how completely it fulfills the parameters and goals of the assignment.
  2. Participation in group discussions and critiques.
  3. Reading, research & writing assignments.

Representative Text(s) -
Asuncion, Josep. The Complete Book of Papermaking. New York: Lark Books, 2003.

Disciplines -
Graphics & Interactive Design
Method of Instruction -
Lecture, Discussion, Oral presentations, Laboratory, Demonstration.
Lab Content -
Planning and scheduling, preparation of materials, paper making, curating of finished work and documentation.
Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
  1. Weekly reading assignments from assigned textbook.
  2. Weekly reading of handouts.
  3. Weekly reading of internet research sites.
  4. Writing about art projects.
  5. Writing portfolio and artist's statements.