Foothill CollegeApproved Course Outlines

Biological and Health Sciences Division
4 hours lecture, 1 hour lecture-laboratory, 2 hours laboratory.5 Units

Total Quarter Learning Hours: 84 (Total of All Lecture, Lecture/Lab, and Lab hours X 12)
 Lecture Hours: 4 Lab Hours: 2 Lecture/Lab: 1
 Note: If Lab hours are specified, see item 10. Lab Content below.

Repeatability -
Statement: Not Repeatable.

Status -
 Course Status: ActiveGrading: Letter Grade with P/NP option
 Degree Status: ApplicableCredit Status: Credit
 GE Status: Non-GE

Articulation Office Information -
 Transferability: BothValidation: 1/12/09; 12/2/09

1. Description -
Anatomy and physiology of the digestive system; metabolism; urinary system; fluid, electrolyte and acid/base balance; lymphatic system; endocrine system; and reproductive system.
Prerequisite: BIOL 40B or equivalent.
Co-requisite: None
Advisory: None

2. Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
  1. Understand, recognize and use the terminologies of the digestive system, urinary system, lymphatic system, endocrine system and reproductive system as applied later in subsequent college level clinical courses and registry exams.
  2. Identify and differentiate the components of the systems studied and conceptualize them to their location within the body and to their relationship with other organs. This can later be applied to understanding and analyzing x-rays, medical records, and case histories.
  3. Understand how the variations of body structure based on gender and age can be applied in subsequent clinical courses.
  4. Explain the major physiological principles of the systems studied and their homeostatic control mechanism as they function to maintain the health of the body and apply to subsequent courses in the allied health field and registry exams.
3. Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
Lecture room and biology laboratory equipped with instructor??s computer, internet access, ceiling projector, Visualizer, overhead transparency projector and VCR. Fully equipped biology laboratory including instructor's microscope camera and student computers with internet access. Materials to teach anatomy and physiology such as models, microscopes, histology slides, preserved specimens, dissection equipment and videos. Laboratory equipment and supplies such as waterbath, glassware, artificial blood typing kits and other chemical or biological reagents for studying the biochemical nature of human physiology.

4. Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. Digestion:
    1. Introduction
      1. Mechanical vs. chemical digestion
      2. Hydrolysis reviewed
    2. General Survey of the System; Organs and General Histology
    3. Oral Cavity
      1. mouth
      2. tongue
      3. salivary glands - types and locations
      4. mastication and salivation
      5. amylase and starch digestion
    4. Anatomy and Physiology of Deglutition (swallowing)
    5. Esophagus
      1. histology
      2. physiology
    6. Stomach
      1. anatomy and histology
      2. mechanical digestion and storage
      3. chemical digestion - roles of mucus, hydrochloric acid, enzyme
      4. regulation of secretion and motility
    7. Pancreas
      1. location, anatomy and histology
      2. pancreatic juice - enzymes and their substrates
      3. regulation of secretion
    8. Liver
      1. location, anatomy, histology
      2. blood supply
      3. bile
      4. physiology - neutralizing toxins, buffering, plasma proteins, storage, red blood cell destruction
      5. gallbladder - anatomy and physiology
    9. Small Intestine
      1. location, anatomy, histology
      2. peristalsis and segmentation
      3. enzymes and their substrates
    10. Absorption - carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, water, and electrolytes
    11. Large Intestine
      1. location, anatomy, and histology
      2. motility
      3. absorption and feces formation
      4. defecation
  2. Metabolism:
    1. Introduction
    2. Metabolism of;
      1. carbohydrates
      2. lipids
      3. proteins
    3. Absorptive and postabsorptive state
  3. Urinary System:
    1. Introduction
    2. Renal Anatomy and Histology
    3. Renal Physiology
      1. glomerular filtration
      2. regulation of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR)
      3. tubular reabsorption
      4. tubular secretion
    4. Urinary Tract Function and Urinalysis
  4. Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Balance:
    1. Fluid compartments and fluid balance
    2. Water
      1. intake and regulation
      2. output and regulation
    3. Distribution of electrolytes in body fluids
    4. Movement between fluids
      1. plasma and interstitial fluids
      2. interstitial fluids and intracellular fluids
    5. Acid-Base Balance
      1. buffers
      2. respiratory acidosis and alkalosis
      3. metabolic acidosis and alkalosis
  5. Lymphatic System:
    1. Introduction
      1. Lymphatic vessels -structure and location
      2. Lymph nodes
      3. Lymph - composition, origin, flow pattern and fate
    2. Resistance to Disease
      1. Nonspecific Resistance
        1. skin and mucus membranes
        2. antimicrobial substances
        3. phagocytosis
        4. inflammation
        5. fever
      2. Specific Resistance - Immunity
        1. formation of T cells and B cells
        2. antigens
        3. cell-mediated immunity
        4. antibody-mediated immunity
        5. immunological memory
        6. allergies, autoimmunity, tissue transplants, cancer
  6. Endocrine System:
    1. Introduction to concept of hormonal control
    2. Overview of hormone effects
    3. Hormones
      1. Chemistry
      2. Classification
      3. Circulating and local hormones
      4. Hormone transport
      5. Receptors
      6. Second messengers
    4. Survey of major endocrine glands; hormones produced and their actions and result of hyper and hypo secretions
      1. Hypophysis
        1. interactions with hypothalamus
        2. anterior and posterior lobe
      2. Thyroid gland
      3. Parathyroid gland
      4. Adrenal gland
        1. adrenal medulla
        2. adrenal cortex
      5. Pancreas
  7. Reproduction:
    1. Male Anatomy and Histology
    2. Physiology
      1. spermatogenesis
      2. sperm delivery
    3. Female Anatomy and Histology
    4. Physiology
      1. oogenesis
      2. ovulation
      3. menstrual cycle- menarche and menopause
      4. hormonal regulation of female reproduction, pregnancy and physiology of birth control
5. Repeatability - Moved to header area.
6. Methods of Evaluation -
  1. Two objective written midterm exams.
  2. Written objective final exam.
  3. Laboratory quizzes that may include short answer or discussion questions or laboratory practicals.
7. Representative Text(s) -
Tortora, Gerard J., and Derrickson, B., Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, 12th ed. New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons Publishers, 2009.
Allen, Connie and Harper, Valerie. Laboratory Manual for Anatomy and Physiology, 3rd ed., New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons Publishers, 2009.

8. Disciplines -
9. Method of Instruction -
Lecture, Laboratory.
10. Lab Content -
  1. Laboratory Topics
    1. Digestive system
    2. Urinary System including urinalysis
    3. Endocrine System
    4. Immune System
    5. Reproductive System
    6. Histology of systems covered
  2. Laboratory skills
    1. Identification of tissues and structures on prepared histology slides of systems covered
    2. Use of laboratory materials such as general laboratory equipment, models and microscopes
    3. Dissection and identification of structures on preserved specimens such as sheep kidney
    4. Ability to follow a protocol, make experimental observations and draw conclusions for experiments involving topics such as metabolism, urinalysis, and the use of blood typing as a tool to learn about antigens and antibodies
11. Honors Description - No longer used. Integrated into main description section.
12. Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
  1. Read assigned textbook chapters.
  2. Read assigned lab chapters.
  3. In class laboratory exercises.
13. Need/Justification -
This course is a required core course for the AS degree in Dental Hygiene and Respiratory Therapy and a restricted support course for the AA degree in Adaptive Fitness Therapy. This course satisfies the prerequisite requirement for Radiologic Technology. This course has been approved for transfer to UC and CSU.

Course status: Active
Last updated: 2014-04-03 14:20:23

Foothill CollegeApproved Course Outlines