Print Version

Effective: Summer 2013

Prerequisites: Prerequisite: Instructor permission necessary for enrollment.
Advisory: Advisory: Completion of or concurrent enrollment in ANTH 8 recommended; outdoor archaeology activities may be strenuous; not open to students with credit in ANTH 11.
Grade Type: Letter Grade, the student may select Pass/No Pass
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Non-GE Transferable: CSU
1 hour lecture, 9 hours field work. (120 hours total per quarter)

Student Learning Outcomes -
  • Students will practice and apply understandings of directed readings, discussions and projects in anthropology.
  • Students will learn how to critically analyze and interpret anthropological data.
  • Students will apply anthropological principles for solving human problems on the local, regional and world scales.
Description -
Introduction to archaeological field methods at an archaeological site either in the Bay Area or in another country. Locating different types of archaeological sites with field survey. Methods of field excavation. Study of local artifact types and lab techniques for artifact cleaning and identification. Selection of archaeological site, mapping, excavation, and preparation of artifacts, written analysis. Working and living with members of an indigenous culture.

Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
  1. recognize, locate, and survey an archaeological site.
  2. use archaeological excavation methods.
  3. describe artifact types.
  4. perform laboratory analysis of artifacts.
  5. use statistical analytical techniques.
  6. understand the applicability of GIS to archaeology.
  7. formulate and carry out a research project in the field using the scientific method.
  8. understand and become involved with another culture both past and present.
  9. prepare archaeological reports.
Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
Laboratory space, survey and excavation equipment.
Marshalltown Trowel.

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. Introduction to archaeology
    1. Ethics in archaeology.
    2. Archaeology and the environment.
    3. The archaeological staff.
    4. Cultural Resource Management.
  2. Pre-Excavation exploration
    1. Evaluate the previous research - archival as well as excavated - for a particular site.
    2. Explain the importance to archaeological survey of lithic scatters, permanent campgrounds, ideological sites, etc.
    3. Analyze the environment and recognize archaeological resources of the Central Coast of California.
    4. Synthesize the real life data into recordation format for archival submittal.
    5. Evaluate principles of archaeological sampling designs.
    6. Survey.
  3. Field excavation
    1. Reduce associations within an excavation based on stratigraphic principles.
    2. Fieldwork: excavation.
    3. Record and synthesize field experiences and data into clear field notes; fill out field data forms adequately.
    4. Explain Cultural Resource Management and apply those principles to local agencies.
    5. Cataloging.
    6. Artifact analysis; interpret some of the data into behavioral activities.
Methods of Evaluation -
  1. Demonstration of fieldwork competence achieved, skills worksheet to be signed by either the field director and instructor, recording of activities in a weekly field notebook.
  2. Written take-home assignments.
  3. Group presentations.
Representative Text(s) -
Hester, Thomas R., Harry J. Schaefer, and Kenneth L. Feder. Field Methods in Archaeology, 7th ed. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press, 2008.
Stewart, R. Michael. Archaeology: Basic Field Methods, 1st ed. Dubuque, IA: Kendall Hunt, 2002.
South, Stanley. Methods and Theory in Historic Archaeology, Reprint Edition. New York: Percheron Press, 2002.
King, T.F.. National Parks Service Manual, Current.
McMillon, Bill. Archaeology Handbook: A Field Manual and Resource Guide, New York: Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1991.

Disciplines -
Method of Instruction -
Discussion, Field work, Laboratory, Demonstration, and Field trips.
Lab Content -
Lab hours for this course involve in the field training which consists of the following:
  1. Basic Field Techniques
  2. Data Recording Techniques
  3. Artifact Processing Techniques
  4. Database creation and analysis techniques
Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
Required notebook and journal entries. Submission of excavation reports.