Foothill CollegeApproved Course Outlines

Biological and Health Sciences Division
BIOL 40BHUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY IIFall 2012
4 hours lecture, 1 hour lecture-laboratory, 2 hours laboratory.5 Units

Total Quarter Learning Hours: 84 (Total of All Lecture, Lecture/Lab, and Lab hours X 12)
 
 Lecture Hours: 4 Lab Hours: 2 Lecture/Lab: 1
 Note: If Lab hours are specified, see item 10. Lab Content below.

Repeatability -
Statement: Not Repeatable.

Status -
 Course Status: ActiveGrading: Letter Grade with P/NP option
 Degree Status: ApplicableCredit Status: Credit
 GE Status: Non-GE

Articulation Office Information -
 Transferability: BothValidation: 1/12/09; 12/2/09

1. Description -
Anatomy and physiology of the nervous system, cardiovascular system and respiratory system. Completion of this course is required for BIOL 40C.
Prerequisite: BIOL 40A or equivalent.
Co-requisite: None
Advisory: None

2. Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
  1. Understand, recognize, and use the terminologies of the nervous system, cardiovascular system and respiratory system as applied later in subsequent college level clinical courses and registry exams.
  2. Identify and differentiate the components of the systems studied and conceptualize them to their location within the body and to their relationship with other organs. This can later be applied to understanding and analyzing x-rays, medical records, and case histories.
  3. Understand how the variations of body structure based on gender and age can be applied in subsequent clinical courses.
  4. Explain the major physiological principles of the systems studied and their homeostatic control mechanism as they function to maintain the health of the body and apply to subsequent courses in the allied health fields and registry exams.
3. Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
Lecture room and biology laboratory equipped with instructor's computer, internet access, ceiling projector, Visualizer, overhead transparency projector and VCR. Fully equipped biology laboratory including instructor's microscope camera and student computers with internet access. Materials to teach anatomy and physiology such as models, microscopes, histology slides, videos, preserved specimens, dissection equipment, stethoscopes and blood pressure cuffs. Laboratory equipment and supplies such as waterbath, glassware, and other chemical or biological reagents for studying the biochemical nature of human physiology.

4. Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. Nervous System will include:
    1. Introduction
    2. Histology
      1. Neurons
        1. typical neuron
        2. classification by form
        3. classification by function
      2. Gray and white matter
      3. Neuroglia
        1. types within the Central Nervous System
        2. types within the Peripheral Nervous System
        3. myelination and the neurolemma
    3. Impulse transmission and membrane potentials
      1. Resting membrane potential
      2. Ion channels
      3. Action potential
        1. depolarization - repolarization
        2. propagation
        3. all-or-none principle
    4. Synapse and neurotransmitters
    5. Neuronal transmission patterns
    6. Axonal repair and nerve regeneration
    7. Spinal cord
      1. Meninges
      2. Anatomy
        1. number, location, structure of spinal nerve
        2. plexuses and major nerves
        3. major tracts
    8. General pathway of reflexes
    9. The Brain
      1. Introduction
      2. Coverings and cerebrospinal fluid
      3. Basic anatomy overview
      4. Cranial nerves
        1. pathways
        2. functions
      5. Electroencephalogram [EEG]
    10. The Autonomic Nervous System
      1. General organization
      2. Survey of activities
        1. parasympathetic
        2. sympathetic
  2. The Cardiovascular System will include:
    1. Introduction
      1. Comparison of body fluids
      2. Functions of blood
      3. Blood plasma
      4. Formed elements
    2. Blood cells
      1. Red blood cells
        1. structure and function
        2. hemoglobin
        3. origin and development
        4. homeostasis
        5. life span and recycling
      2. White blood cells
        1. anatomy and types
        2. physiology
      3. Platelets
      4. Hemostasis
        1. vascular spasms
        2. platelet plugs
        3. coagulation
      5. Plasma
        1. components
        2. functions
      6. Blood diseases
    3. Heart
      1. Anatomy
        1. location and size
        2. pericardium
        3. heart wall, chambers, and valves
        4. blood supply to the heart
      2. Physiology
        1. blood flow
        2. valve action
        3. conduction system
        4. cardiac cycle, heart sounds and electrocardiogram (ECG)
        5. determining cardiac output
        6. regulation of heart rate
    4. Blood Vessels
      1. Basic types of vessels - histology - functions
        1. arteries
        2. arterioles
        3. veins
        4. venules
        5. capillaries
      2. Hemodynamics
        1. velocity and volume of blood flow
        2. capillary filtration
        3. control of blood pressure and flow
      3. Circulation through specialized areas
    5. Effects of gender and age on the cardiovascular system
  3. Respiratory System will include:
    1. Introduction
    2. External (pulmonary), internal (tissue), and cellular respiration
    3. Survey of anatomy and histology - nares to alveoli
    4. Physiology
      1. Pulmonary ventilation
      2. Blood gas transport
        1. oxygen transport
        2. carbon dioxide transport
        3. oxygen- hemoglobin dissociation curve
      3. Tissue gas diffusion
      4. Control of respiration
5. Repeatability - Moved to header area.
 
6. Methods of Evaluation -
  1. Two written objective midterm exams.
  2. Written objective final exam.
  3. Laboratory quizzes that may include include short answer or discussion questions or laboratory practicals.
7. Representative Text(s) -
Tortora, Gerard J., and Derrickson, B., Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, 12th ed. New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons Publishers, 2009.
Allen, Connie and Harper, Valerie. Laboratory Manual for Anatomy and Physiology, 3rd ed., New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons Publishers, 2009.

8. Disciplines -
Biology
 
9. Method of Instruction -
Lecture, Laboratory.
 
10. Lab Content -
  1. Laboratory Topics
    1. Nervous System
    2. Special Senses
      1. one of the special senses selected for presentation
    3. Cardiovascular System:
      1. blood vessels
      2. blood flow
      3. heart structure and function
      4. adult and fetal circulation
      5. blood pressure
    4. Respiratory System
    5. Histology of systems covered
  2. Laboratory skills
    1. Identification of tissues and structures on prepared histology slides of systems covered
    2. Use of laboratory materials such as general lab equipment, models and microscopes
    3. Dissection and identification of structures on preserved specimens such as cow eye, sheep brain, sheep heart
    4. Determine blood pressure with use of stethoscope and blood pressure cuff
 
11. Honors Description - No longer used. Integrated into main description section.
 
12. Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
  1. Read assigned textbook chapters.
  2. Read assigned lab chapters.
  3. In class laboratory exercises.
13. Need/Justification -
This course is a required core course for the AS degree in Dental Hygiene and Respiratory Therapy and a restricted support course for the AA degree in Adaptive Fitness Therapy. This course satisfies the prerequisite requirement for Radiologic Technology. This course has been approved for transfer to UC and CSU.


Course status: Active
Last updated: 2013-06-25 15:20:19


Foothill CollegeApproved Course Outlines