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Effective: Summer 2013

Grade Type: Letter Grade Only
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Non-GE Transferable: CSU/UC
3 hours lecture, 3 hours laboratory. (72 hours total per quarter)

Student Learning Outcomes -
  • Students, through introduction of theory, demonstration, exercise and examination, will be able to understand and produce the basics of voice production for the stage.
  • Students integrate the demands of healthy vocal production into appropriate texts from Shakespeare through contemporary dramatic literature.
Description -
An introduction to the fundamentals of vocal production and the application of those principles to speech for performance intent. Topics will include the basics of physiology of sound production, breath support, use of natural resonators, warm-up techniques, diction and text communication, dialect recognitions and employment. These fundamental techniques will be applied to a broad cultural landscape of dramatic literature at basic levels.

Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
  1. Understand the basic principles of voice production and speech for the stage.
  2. Demonstrate correct vocal technique at a basic level.
  3. Establish and maintain a daily system of vocal practice and development.
  4. Understand and employ the International Phonetic Alphabet for basic English language use appropriate for theatrical industry standards.
    1. Compare relationship between good stage speech and individual, learned language patterns, systems and dialects.
    2. Utilize phonetics in dialect recognition and in the production of various American and non-American dialects.
    3. Utilize Standard American Stage Speech where appropriate.

Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
  1. Large, open floor rehearsal room
  2. Warm-up mats
  3. Voice recording equipment is strongly advised
  4. Audio/visual equipment; internet available computer/media equipped classroom

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. Create a free and open vocal instrument.
    1. Support: (Lecture w/ Lab application)
      1. aligned postured
      2. controlled inhalation, exhalation and expansion of breath capacity
    2. Resonance: (Lecture w/ Lab application)
      1. identify and employ natural resonators.
      2. maintain resonant vocal quality in text.
      3. expand ability to project safely in a dramatic literature.
  2. Develop improved articulation and diction. (Lecture w/ Lab application)
    1. develop articulation using Standard American speech.
    2. understand and demonstrate open and closed vowels.
    3. understand and demonstrate voiced and unvoiced consonants.
  3. Synthesize each component of support, resonance and articulation into a personal vocal warm-up system.
    1. prepares students for daily performance classes and rehearsals with safe vocal production.
    2. expands vocal abilities with increased stamina, breath support, vocal range and ability to project the voice.
  4. Dialect preparation and execution (Lecture w/ Lab Application)
    1. Demands of altering vocal posturing to accomodate dialect/accent in performance situaitions. (Lecture with Lab application)
    2. Use of the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)(Lecture with Lab application)
      1. Ear recognition of IPA sounds and sound differentiation
      2. Employment of IPA for dialect construction and recognition
      3. American regional dialects
      4. European, South American, Canadian, Asian, African dialects
      5. Standard Stage Speech
    3. Practical understanding of one's own learned vocal patterns, styles and dialects, and methods of altering those features

Methods of Evaluation -
  1. Judged vocal warm-up and development exercises
  2. Rehearsal and Presentation of assigned material
  3. Student journal with review and response from Instructor
  4. Quizzes
Representative Text(s) -
Linklater, Kristin, Freeing the Natural Voice, revised, expanded edition 2006.

Specific text and scripts chosen by the Instructor on a quarter-to-quarter basis to fit the needs of the enrolled students.

Disciplines -
Theatre Arts
Method of Instruction -
Lectures, discussions, vocal warm-up and rehearsals, co-operative learning exercises, Instructor guided observation and peer observation and analysis.
Lab Content -
  1. Cooperative rehearsal of voice development exercises and assignments.
  2. Individual and Partner exploration and self-analysis of concepts and exercises introduced in class.
Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
  1. Individual text and script reading assignments
  2. Self-reflective journal