Foothill CollegeApproved Course Outlines

Biological and Health Sciences Division
4 hours lecture, 1 hour lecture-laboratory, 2 hours laboratory.5 Units

Total Quarter Learning Hours: 84 (Total of All Lecture, Lecture/Lab, and Lab hours X 12)
 Lecture Hours: 4 Lab Hours: 2 Lecture/Lab: 1
 Note: If Lab hours are specified, see item 10. Lab Content below.

Repeatability -
Statement: Not Repeatable.

Status -
 Course Status: ActiveGrading: Letter Grade with P/NP option
 Degree Status: ApplicableCredit Status: Credit
 Degree or Certificate Requirement: AA Degree
 GE Status: Non-GE

Articulation Office Information -
 Transferability: BothValidation: 1/12/09; 12/2/09

1. Description -
Basic human anatomy and physiology. Emphasis on integration of systems and homeostatic mechanisms. Physical and chemical basis of life, histology and integumentary, skeletal and muscular systems. Designed for majors that require fundamental background in human anatomy and physiology. Completion of this course is required for BIOL 40B.
Prerequisite: BIOL 10 or 14 or equivalent; CHEM 30A or equivalent.
Co-requisite: None
Advisory: One of the following: ENGL 1A, 1AH, 1S & 1T or ESLL 26 or equivalent.

2. Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
  1. Understand, recognize, and use the terminology of anatomy and physiology as applied later in subsequent college level clinical courses and in registry exams.
  2. Identify and differentiate types of tissues and be able to deduce functions of body organs by the tissues present and their arrangement.
  3. Identify and differentiate the components of the skeletal, and muscular system and conceptualize them to their location within the body and to their relationship with other organs. This can later be applied to understanding and analyzing x-rays, medical records and case histories.
  4. Understand how the variations of body structure based on gender and age can be applied in subsequent clinical courses.
  5. Explain the principle of homeostasis and discuss its importance in the health care field as well as be able to describe examples of homeostatic mechanisms together with their roles in maintaining the body in good health and the consequence of the failure of each.
  6. Explain the major physiological principles of the systems studied and relate them to the maintenance of good health and apply them in subsequent college level clinical courses and in the registry exams.
3. Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
Lecture room and biology laboratory equipped with instructor's computer, internet access, ceiling projector, Visualizer, overhead transparency projector and VCR. Fully equipped biology laboratory including instructor's microscope camera and student computers with internet access. Materials to teach anatomy and physiology such as models, microscopes, histology slides, preserved specimens, dissection equipment and videos. Laboratory equipment and supplies such as waterbath, glassware, and other chemical or biological reagents for studying the biochemical nature of human physiology.

4. Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. The Introductory Unit will include:
    1. Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology
      1. Overview of structural organization
      2. Introduction to the systems
      3. Homeostasis
    2. Brief Review of Chemistry
      1. The atom, molecules
      2. Chemical reactions
      3. Compounds of life
        1. water
        2. acids, bases, and salts
        3. carbohydrates
        4. lipids
        5. proteins
        6. enzymes
        7. nucleic acids
    3. Brief Review of Cellular Organization
      1. Introduction to the cell
      2. Structure of the cell membrane
      3. Membrane transport
        1. active transport
          1. primary active transport - Na+/K+ pump
          2. secondary active transport - symport, antiport
        2. passive transport
          1. simple diffusion
          2. osmosis
          3. filtration
          4. facilitated diffusion
        3. transport in vesicles
          1. endocytosis
          2. exocytosis
      4. Function of cell division
        1. definition and function of mitosis
        2. definition and function of meiosis
    4. Histology
      1. Four basic tissues
      2. Surveys of:
        1. epithelial tissue
        2. connective tissue
        3. nervous tissue
        4. muscle tissue
      3. Glands and their classification
      4. Specialized membrane
        1. mucous
        2. serous
        3. synovial
  2. Integumentary System will include:
    1. Introduction to skin
      1. structure of skin
      2. functions of skin
        1. protection
        2. wound healing
        3. synthesis of Vitamin D
        4. regulate body temperature
    2. Components of skin color
    3. Effects of aging on skin
    4. Skin disorders
  3. Skeletal System will include:
    1. Introduction to bone
      1. Functions of the skeletal system
      2. Parts of a typical long bone
      3. Cell types
      4. Composition of bone matrix
    2. Bone tissue
      1. Compact (Dense)
      2. Spongy (Cancellous)
    3. Ossification processes
      1. Intramembranous
      2. Endochondral
    4. Bone repair
    5. Effects of gender and age on the skeletal system
  4. Muscular System will include:
    1. Introduction to muscle
      1. Muscle tissue (three types)
      2. Functions of muscle tissue
      3. Characteristics of muscle tissue
      4. Associated connective tissue
    2. General muscle anatomy and relationships with bones and joints
    3. Microanatomy of the muscle cell (fiber)
      1. Muscle fibers, myofibrils, and myofilaments
      2. Sarcomere, sarcoplasmic reticulum and transverse tubules
    4. Contraction
      1. The sliding filament mechanism
      2. Role of Ca2+
      3. ATP and the power stroke
    5. Motor unit, all-or-none principle
    6. Energy for contraction
      1. Phosphagen system
      2. Glycogen-lactic acid system
      3. Aerobic system
    7. Effects of gender and age on the muscle system
5. Repeatability - Moved to header area.
6. Methods of Evaluation -
  1. Two written objective midterm exams.
  2. Written objective final exam.
  3. Laboratory quizzes that may include short answer or discussion questions or laboratory practicals.
7. Representative Text(s) -
Tortora, Gerard J., and Derrickson, B., Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, 12th ed. New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons Publishers, 2009.
Allen, Connie and Harper, Valerie. Laboratory Manual for Anatomy and Physiology, 3rd ed., New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons Publishers, 2009.

8. Disciplines -
9. Method of Instruction -
Lecture, Laboratory.
10. Lab Content -
  1. Laboratory Topics
    1. Anatomical terminology
    2. Homeostasis
    3. Tissue identification
    4. Bone taxonomy; survey of axial bones, appendicular bones and markings
    5. Muscle taxonomy; survey of major muscles, origins and insertions
    6. Arthrology; Survey of joint classification and actions
  2. Laboratory skills
    1. Identification of major tissue types on prepared histology slides
    2. Use of laboratory materials such as general laboratory equipment, models and microscopes
    3. Ability to follow a protocol, make experimental observations and draw conclusions for experiments involving topics such as homeostasis of cells
11. Honors Description - No longer used. Integrated into main description section.
12. Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
  1. Read assigned textbook chapters.
  2. Read assigned lab chapters.
  3. In class laboratory exercises.
13. Need/Justification -
This course is a required core course for the AS degree in Dental Hygiene and Respiratory Therapy and a restricted support course for the AA degree in Adaptive Fitness Therapy. This course satisfies the prerequisite requirement for Radiologic Technology. This course has been approved for transfer to UC and CSU.

Course status: Active
Last updated: 2014-03-19 20:26:40

Foothill CollegeApproved Course Outlines