|Student Learning Outcomes -|
- 1. Student can identify historical books by type, design and classify the origin and time period.
- 2. Student can discuss and evaluate the esthetic differences, strengths and weaknesses of historical types, printing and bindery.
|Description - |
|A study of the Printed Book covering the last 500 years before and after Gutenberg. Emphasis will be on significant milestones of published books from Incunabula (1400-1500) to present covering printing, papermaking, bookbinding and typography. Manuscripts, hand printed books, machine printed books, and fine press/artist books will be discussed. All major type designers, type-cutters and printers will be covered.|
|Course Objectives - |
|The student will be able to: |
- The scope of printing, the printed books and type over the last 500 years.
- The relationship of moveable type to printing and to digital type used in the recent 20th century
- Significance of works of publishers, printers and type designers that mark milestones in the development of the printed book
- Most significant books printed over last 500 years and why they are considered important.
|Special Facilities and/or Equipment - |
|Course Content (Body of knowledge) - |
- The intellectual impact of the alphabet, writing, and the book
- The book in antiquity and classical times
- The handwritten book and illuminated manuscripts;
- Preliminaries to printing with movable type;
- Incunabula 1400-1500
- Invention of printing with movable type;
- Gutenberg 1455, Fust & Schoffer
- Sweynheym & Pannartz 1465
- Nicolas Jenson-Eusebius 1470
- Caxton-First book in English 1477
- Development of printing, 15th - 17th centuries;
- Aldus-Virgil 1501, Hypnerotomachia Poliphili 1499 De Aetna 1495
- Chancery cursive
- Arrighi, Tagliente, and Palatino
- Palatino writing manual (Zapf)
- Round Gothic-Juan de Yciar
- Durer-Woodcut illustrations
- Cresci-Roman U & lc
- Simon de Colines 1539
- Robert Estienne/Geofroy Tory Horae 1525
- Estienne- Cicero type by Claude Garamond
- Robert Granjon- civilite 1557
- Christophe Plantin- Polyglot Bible 1572
- Cervantes- Don Quixote 1605
- King James Bible 1611
- Shakespeare first Folio 1623
- Elzevir- Republic 1627-Engraved illustrations 1641
- Fell types Caps & lc
- Itaglio printing and Etched illustrations 1655
- Machine-produced book, 18th - 19th centuries.
- FRENCH TYPE-Roman du roi- French type
- GERMAN TYPE-Johann Schoensperger- Frankur 1514?, Schwabacher 1491?
- Montaigne's Essays 1580?
- Moxon's Mechanick Exercises 1683
- US Printing- Bay Palm Book 1640, First Indian Bible 1663,
- Caslon- Caslon Old Face 1734
- Baskerville- Baskerville roman 1762, Baskerville- Virgil 1762
- MODERN TYPE
- Fournier- Manual Typographique 1764
- Fournier- Fournier le jeune type printed by Didot 1743
- F. A. Didot- type 1781
- Perre Didot- type 1799
- Bodoni- type
- Bodoni- Manual Tipografico 1790?
- Illustrations by Bewick 1796
- Lithography and Newspaper, Linotype and Monotype
- Senefelder invents lithograph
- London Times-first newspaper printed on power press
- Three weights of Bodoni introduced in specimen book. 1814
- Pierre Didot specimen page 1819
- Modern Face by Wilson & Sons Scotch Modern 1833
- Richard Austin cuts Bell 1833
- William Thorowgood introduces English #2 1824
- Revival of Caslon Old Face by Pickering 1844
- Lithograph illustrations by Delacroix, Daumier, Blake 1821
- Other forms of illustration, etching, wood engraving 1838, 1840
- Linotype machine invented 1886
- Monotype machine invented 1893
- William Morris Troy Type, Kelmscot Press Chaucer, Edward Prince, Type cutter for Morris, Montallegro
- Twentieth centuries, continued revival of book design and publishing
- Hornsby, Ashendine Press
- Pissarro, Eragny Press Book of Ruth & Esther 1896
- Cobden-Sanderson, Doves Press, Bible 1903
- D.B.Updike, 1922
- Bruce Rogers, Riverside Press 1920-Centaur Type
- F.W.Goudy, Deepdene Press
- Artist Books
- Kessler, Cranach Press, Illustartions by Maillol for Virgil
- Picasso, Roualt 1938, Monet
- Van Krimpen, Lutetia Type, 1928
- Rudolh Koch, Walbaum, 1932
- Eric Gill, Golden Cockerel Press, 1931
- Second World War and after: 1940-1970
- Jan Tschichold, Sabon roman, Trajanus Press, Aristophanes, wood engraving by Imre Reiner
- Modern production of books by high speed, color presses.
- Digital production
- Digital type and converson of metal type to digital
- On line book production
- The Digital Revolution and the close of the twentieth Century
|Methods of Evaluation - |
- Weekly quizzes, Periodic tests and research assignments
- Research projects or papers
|Representative Text(s) - |
|Chappell, Warren & Bringhurst, Robert, A Short History of the Printed Word, Point Roberts, WA and Vancouver Canada, 1999. (required text) |
Steinberg, S. H., Five Hundred Years of Printing. Bristol U.K., Penguin Books, 1961.
|Disciplines - |
Graphic & Interactive Design
|Method of Instruction - |
- Student will respond to online lectures and discussions after completing required reading.
- Field trip to Special collection at Green Library on Stanford Campus to view rare books
- Presentation of facsimile pages from multiple internet sources.
|Lab Content - |
|Not applicable. |
|Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments - |
- Reading assignments from assigned textbook
- Reading from related outside sources.
- Written reports on Museum and Gallery tours.
- Research and writing on topics discussed online and related internet sites.