Print Version

Effective: Summer 2017

Grade Type: Letter Grade Only
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Non-GE Transferable: CSU/UC
4 hours lecture. (48 hours total per quarter)

Student Learning Outcomes -
  • 1. Student can identify historical books by type, design and classify the origin and time period.
  • 2. Student can discuss and evaluate the esthetic differences, strengths and weaknesses of historical types, printing and bindery.
Description -
A study of the Printed Book covering the last 500 years before and after Gutenberg. Emphasis will be on significant milestones of published books from Incunabula (1400-1500) to present covering printing, papermaking, bookbinding and typography. Manuscripts, hand printed books, machine printed books, and fine press/artist books will be discussed. All major type designers, type-cutters and printers will be covered.

Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
  1. Understand the scope of printing, the printed books and type over the last 500 years
  2. Explain the relationship of moveable type to printing and to digital type used in the recent 20th century
  3. Understand the significance of works of publishers, printers and type designers that mark milestones in the development of the printed book
  4. Name the most significant books printed over last 500 years and why they are considered important
Special Facilities and/or Equipment -

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. The intellectual impact of the alphabet, writing, and the book
  2. The book in antiquity and classical times
  3. The handwritten book and illuminated manuscripts
  4. Preliminaries to printing with movable type
    1. Incunabula 1400-1500
  5. Invention of printing with movable type
    1. Gutenberg 1455, Fust & Schoffer
    2. Sweynheym & Pannartz 1465
      1. Nicolas Jenson-Eusebius 1470
      2. Caxton-First book in English 1477
  6. Development of printing, 15th-17th centuries
    1. Aldus-Virgil 1501, Hypnerotomachia Poliphili 1499, De Aetna 1495
    2. Chancery cursive
      1. Arrighi, Tagliente, and Palatino
      2. Palatino writing manual (Zapf)
      3. Round Gothic-Juan de Yciar
    3. Durer-Woodcut illustrations
    4. Ratdolt
    5. Cresci-Roman U & lc
    6. Simon de Colines 1539
    7. Robert Estienne/Geofroy Tory Horae 1525
    8. Estienne-Cicero type by Claude Garamond
    9. Robert Granjon-civilite 1557
    10. Christophe Plantin-Polyglot Bible 1572
    11. Cervantes- Don Quixote 1605
      1. King James Bible 1611
      2. Shakespeare first Folio 1623
    12. Elzevir-Republic 1627-Engraved illustrations 1641
    13. Fell types Caps & lc
    14. Itaglio printing and Etched illustrations 1655
  7. Machine-produced book, 18th-19th centuries
    1. FRENCH TYPE-Roman du roi-French type
    2. GERMAN TYPE-Johann Schoensperger-Frankur 1514?, Schwabacher 1491?
    3. Montaigne's Essays 1580?
    4. Moxon's Mechanick Exercises 1683
    5. US Printing-Bay Palm Book 1640, First Indian Bible 1663
    6. Caslon-Caslon Old Face 1734
    7. Baskerville-Baskerville roman 1762, Baskerville-Virgil 1762
      1. Fournier-Manual Typographique 1764
      2. Fournier-Fournier le jeune type printed by Didot 1743
      3. F. A. Didot-type 1781
      4. Perre Didot-type 1799
      5. Bodoni-type
      6. Bodoni-Manual Tipografico 1790?
    9. Illustrations by Bewick 1796
  8. Lithography and Newspaper, Linotype and Monotype
    1. Senefelder invents lithograph
    2. London Times-first newspaper printed on power press
    3. Three weights of Bodoni introduced in specimen book 1814
    4. Pierre Didot specimen page 1819
    5. Modern Face by Wilson & Sons Scotch Modern 1833
    6. Richard Austin cuts Bell 1833
    7. William Thorowgood introduces English #2 1824
    8. Revival of Caslon Old Face by Pickering 1844
    9. Lithograph illustrations by Delacroix, Daumier, Blake 1821
      1. Other forms of illustration, etching, wood engraving 1838, 1840
    10. Linotype machine invented 1886
    11. Monotype machine invented 1893
    12. William Morris Troy Type, Kelmscot Press Chaucer, Edward Prince, Type cutter for Morris, Montallegro
  9. Twentieth centuries, continued revival of book design and publishing
    1. Hornsby, Ashendine Press
    2. Pissarro, Eragny Press Book of Ruth & Esther 1896
    3. Cobden-Sanderson, Doves Press, Bible 1903
    4. D.B. Updike, 1922
    5. Bruce Rogers, Riverside Press 1920-Centaur Type
    6. F.W. Goudy, Deepdene Press
    7. Artist Books
      1. Kessler, Cranach Press, Illustartions by Maillol for Virgil
      2. Picasso, Roualt 1938, Monet
    8. Van Krimpen, Lutetia Type, 1928
    9. Rudolh Koch, Walbaum, 1932
    10. Eric Gill, Golden Cockerel Press, 1931
  10. Second World War and after: 1940-1970
    1. Picasso
    2. Jan Tschichold, Sabon roman, Trajanus Press, Aristophanes, wood engraving by Imre Reiner
    3. Modern production of books by high speed, color presses
    4. Digital production
    5. Digital type and converson of metal type to digital
    6. On line book production
  11. The Digital Revolution and the close of the twentieth Century
Methods of Evaluation -
  1. Weekly quizzes, periodic tests and research assignments
  2. Research projects or papers
Representative Text(s) -
Houston, Keith. The Book: A Cover to Cover Exploration of the Most Powerful Object of Our Time. W. W. Norton, 2016.
Chappell, Warren and Robert Bringhurst. A Short History of the Printed Word. Hartley & Marks, 2000.
Drucker, Johanna and Krystyna Wasserman. The Book As Art: Artists' Books from the National Museum of Women in the Arts. Princeton Archetectural Press, 2011.
Drucker, Johanna. The Century of Artists' Books. Granary Books, 2004.

Disciplines -
Art or Graphic Arts
Method of Instruction -
  1. Student will respond to online lectures and discussions after completing required reading.
  2. Field trip to Special collection at Green Library on Stanford Campus to view rare books.
  3. Presentation of facsimile pages from multiple internet sources.
Lab Content -
Not applicable.
Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
  1. Reading assignments from assigned textbook.
  2. Reading from related outside sources.
  3. Written reports on Museum and Gallery tours.
  4. Research and writing on topics discussed online and related internet sites.