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Effective: Fall 2012

Advisory: Advisory: ENGR 40, 81 and 82.
Grade Type: Letter Grade, the student may select Pass/No Pass
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Non-GE Transferable: CSU
4 hours lecture, 3 hours laboratory. (84 hours total per quarter)

Student Learning Outcomes -
  • Articulate the need for a modernized grid with a ?smart energy? intelligence layer
  • Describe and diagram the physical and logical architecture of smart energy systems
  • Describe and articulate the relations of stakeholders and smart energy process
Description -
Introduces the technical professional and engineering student to the emerging field of smart energy systems, active power management, and smart grid' technologies. Topics include SCADA and Phasor networks for monitoring power systems and distribution automation, distributed energy management systems (DEMS) to integrate Renewable Energy (RE) with building/campus EMS/BMS, integration of renewables, and system requirements for an Electric vehicle (EV) charging infrastructure. Includes an overview of goals, challenges, and milestones for developing a supergrid' for integrating utility scale wind, low emission baseload energy, and systemwide management tools for network stability.

Course Objectives -
the student will be able to:
  1. Articulate the need for a modernized grid
  2. Explain the value proposition for integrating IT with power systems
  3. Describe the working components of AMI (Advanced Metering Initiative)
  4. Identify the components and process of integrating AMI with EMS/BMS
  5. Describe how EMS/BMS (Energy Management Systems/Building Management Systems) work
  6. Describe how AMI/EMS/BMS are integrated in Distributed Energy Management System (DEMS)
  7. Explain SCADA and the value it provides in power distribution / distribution automation (DA)
  8. Understand and explain how renewable energy is integrated using smart/grid technology
  9. Design a microgrid (block diagram) using the microgrid concept and distributed generation
  10. Explain the challenge and solutions for integrating EVs into a future RE/EV charging network
  11. Develop an understanding for the technical challenges and milestones for deploying a supergrid
Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
  1. Electrical power systems modeling software
  2. Power systems demonstration hardware (switching)
  3. Power systems modeling

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. The need for a modernized and smarter grid
    1. Power system evolution
    2. Integration of IT systems
    3. Integration of renewables
    4. Resiliency and reliability
  2. Smart grid / smart energy principles and applications
    1. Smart energy concepts and principles
    2. Infrastructure, architecture, process and block diagrams
    3. AMI (Advanced Metering Initiative), DA, DR and DEMS
  3. Integration of IT into the modern electricity grid
    1. Phasor networks and measurements
    2. SCADA Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition
    3. AMI Advanced Metering Initiative
    4. DA Distribution Automation
  4. Advanced Metering Initiative (AMI)
    1. Smart meter initiative, energy analytics
    2. Energy management portals and customer engagement (value propositions)
    3. Management of utility data
  5. The smart grid as an application platform
    1. Integration of generation, load, distribution, and services
    2. Coordination, collaboration, management, and integration
    3. Business models in an emerging electron economy
  6. Distributed Generation (DG) and active power management (MG concept)
    1. Distributed Generation on campuses (renewables and cogeneration)
    2. Microgrid concept matching generation and loads
    3. Active distribution in microgrids and managed grids
  7. Power system principles
    1. Load-Frequency Controls & Operations
    2. Advanced Sensing and Measurement
    3. System Stability
    4. Protection Engineering Design
  8. Operational profiles, predictive analytics and Demand Response (DR)
    1. Demand Response (DR) in active power management
    2. Distributed Energy Management Systems (DEMS)
    3. Energy Management Systems (EMS) and Building Management Systems (BMS)
  9. Integration of utility scale renewables (RE)
    1. Intermittency and power quality issues
    2. Managed and distributed storage
    3. Integrating RE and low emission baseload
  10. EV charging networks and distributed energy storage
    1. EV charging network infrastructure
    2. Charging network and EV management
    3. Developing aggregate operation profiles
  11. Distribution Automation (DA) outage management and reliability
    1. Automatic reclosers (autorecloser)
    2. Working through power interruptions and power restoration
    3. Predictive analytics for avoiding or minimizing power interruption
  12. ISO and smart energy smart grid
    1. Distributed power management
    2. Peak power, RE integration
    3. Reaching GHG reduction goals
  13. Grid security / cyber security
    1. Overall power grid security
    2. Terrorism and cyber warfare
    3. Metering and EMS/BMS security
  14. Building the energy super grid
    1. Technology, milestones, and timetables
    2. Goals of a supergrid
    3. UK SuperGrid and AWEA supergrid
Methods of Evaluation -
  1. Written Assignments
  2. Lab reports
  3. Class Presentations
  4. Quizzes
  5. Exams
  6. Final Exam
Representative Text(s) -
Gellings, C.W., The Smart Grid: Enabling Energy Efficiency and Demand Response, CRC Press; first edition, August 21, 2009. ISBN-13: 978-1439815748

Disciplines -
Method of Instruction -
Students will attend and participate in lectures, laboratories, tours, and engage in exercises including smart meter data management, power systems analysis, etc.
Lab Content -
  1. Lab 1-Electrical measurements and meters
    1. Multimeters
    2. Clampmeters
    3. Dataloggers
    4. Electrical safety
  2. Lab 2-AC and DC power, high voltage
    1. AC power fundamentals
    2. DC power fundamentals
    3. Motors and inductors
    4. Calculating VAR
  3. Lab 3-Power systems infrastructure (tour)
    1. Transmission lines
    2. Subsystems
    3. Distribution infrastructure
    4. Service drops
  4. Lab 4-Smart meters, panels, smart plugs, power data
    1. Electrical meter basics
    2. Electrical power wiring
    3. Smart plugs
    4. Analyzing building power
    5. Establishing a wireless connection
  5. Lab 5-Networking I
    1. Network topology and connectivity among system components
    2. Equipment parameters and anomalous network conditions
    3. Networking protocols at distribution level
  6. Lab 6-Networking II
    1. Wireless networking protocols
    2. Setting up and trouble shooting a mesh network
    3. Connecting a smart meter to a larger network
  7. Lab 7-EMS/BMS
    1. Energy Management Systems (EMS) operation and programming
    2. Building Management Systems (BMS and building controls)
    3. Integration of EMS/BMS with smart meter, TOU pricing, and Demand Response (DR)
  8. Lab 8-Power grid simulation software
    1. Power flows
    2. Line weighting
    3. Power trades
    4. Power data
  9. Lab 9-GridLab-D simulation software
    1. Power distribution simulation
    2. Distribution automation
    3. DER integration
    4. Power data management tools
  10. Lab 10-Microgrid lab I
    1. Microgrid network simulation
    2. Matching generation with load
    3. Power system stability
  11. Lab 11-Microgrid lab II
    1. Integrating a number of DERS
    2. Central system management
    3. DR and load shedding
  12. Lab 12-EV charging systems
    1. Setting up an EV charger
    2. Connecting charger to a subpanel with EMS
    3. System management tools for EV charging
  13. Optional lab Foothill tour lab practical
  14. Optional lab tour if Silicon Valley Power
Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
Textbook (one to two chapters per week) with two to three written questions. Lab activities outside of class include building energy audits, smart meter and EMS/BMS inspection, examination and analysis of building and campus energy. Optionally/additionally (supervised)installation of electrical/power data loggers.