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Effective: Fall 2012

Advisory: Advisory: ENGR 39, 40, MATH 105.
Grade Type: Letter Grade, the student may select Pass/No Pass
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Non-GE Transferable: CSU
4 hours lecture, 3 hours laboratory. (84 hours total per quarter)

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Description -
Introduces the technical professional and engineering student to the field of modern power systems, from electrical power generation to transmission and distribution to electrical power networks in buildings. Overview of AC and DC power, electrical power infrastructure, operation of motors and generators, capacitors and inductors, and real and reactive power. Develops a working knowledge of how electrical utilities work, including both power production and distribution as well as electricity markets. The course will conclude with challenges faced by technology, the smart grid of the 21st century.

Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
  1. Discuss the history and present an overview of electricity and electric power systems
  2. Calculate values for voltage, current, power, and energy for various electrical problems
  3. Describe properties and relationships between reactance, resistance, and impedance
  4. Describe the general characteristics of an induction/asynchronous generator
  5. Explain the various types of electric power metering, residential service entrance equipment, panels, and branch circuit configuration
  6. Identify major equipment used in substations and describe their purpose and operation
  7. Interpret network representation and one-line diagrams for power systems explain power grid reliability, stability, and voltage control
  8. Describe the role of various federal (DOE, FERC, NERC) and state regulatory bodies, and Independent System Operators (ISO) tasks and operations
  9. Describe key attributes of upcoming grid-connected technologies, and identify grid-interconnection technical challenges
  10. Map out smart grid application ecosystem and identify key technology and product developers in the space
Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
  1. Power systems simulation software
  2. Electrical power component (motors, generators, etc)
  3. Electrical meters and safety equipment for high voltage measurements (as needed)

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. System Overview, Terminology, and Basic Concepts
    1. History of Electric Power
    2. System Overview
    3. Terminology and Basic Concepts
  2. The Physics of Electricity & Basic Circuits Analysis
    1. Basic Quantities
    2. Ohm's law
    3. Circuit Fundamentals
    4. Resistive Heating
    5. Electric and Magnetic Fields
    6. Series and Parallel Circuits
    7. Magnetic Circuits
  3. AC Power
    1. Alternating Current and Voltage
    2. Reactance
    3. Power
    4. Phasor Notation
  4. Electricity Generation
    1. The Simple Generator
    2. The Synchronous Generator
    3. Operational Control of Synchronous Generators
    4. Operating Limits
    5. The Induction Generator
    6. Inverters
    7. Power Plants
  5. Electricity Consumption/Loads
    1. Resistive Loads
    2. Motors
    3. Electronic Devices
    4. Load from the System Perspective
    5. Single- and Multiphase Connections
  6. Transmission & Distribution
    1. System Structure
    2. Three-Phase Transmission
    3. Transformers
    4. Conductors
    5. Loading
    6. Voltage Control
    7. Protection
  7. Power Flow Analysis
    1. The Power Flow Problem
    2. PowerWorld Example with Interpretation of Results
    3. Applications and Optimal Power Flow
  8. System Performance
    1. Reliability
    2. Security
    3. Stability
    4. Power Quality
  9. System Operation
    1. Operation and Control on Different Time Scales
    2. Human Factors
    3. Implications for Restructuring
  10. New Technologies on the Grid
    1. Distributed Generation
    2. Large-Scale Renewables
    3. Energy Storage
    4. Microgrids
    5. Grid Automation & Flexible A.C. Transmission Systems (FACTS)
  11. Smart Grid
    1. Stakeholders & Drivers
    2. Taxonomy of Smart Grid Applications
    3. Technology Providers
    4. Future Challenges
Methods of Evaluation -
  1. Written Assignments
  2. Exams
  3. Lab Reports
  4. Final Exam
Representative Text(s) -
Wang X, Song Y, and Irving M, Modern Power Systems Analysis, Springer, New York, 2009. 1441944516

Disciplines -
Method of Instruction -
Student will attend lectures, laboratories, and tours of electrical power systems.
Lab Content -
  1. System Overview, Terminology, and Basic Concepts: NO LAB
    1. Electrical lab safety discussions
    2. Electrical lab safety video
  2. The Physics of Electricity & Basic Circuits Analysis
    1. Basic electrical equipment (part 1 of ENGR40 Lab#2)
    2. Familiarity with breadboard, resistors, capacitors, multi-meters, and power supplies
    3. Basic DC circuits (part 2 of ENGR40 Lab#2)
    4. Ohm's Law for current flow and voltage drop across resistors in series/parallel circuits
    5. Simple Home-wound transformer (part 7 of CEE176B lab)
    6. Use of a function generator and multimeter to understand transformers
  3. AC Power
    1. Simple electrician tools to test wiring systems (part 2 of CEE176B lab)
    2. HOT AC sensor
    3. AC electrician outlet tester
    4. Power measurements (part 3 of CEE176B lab)
    5. Building Watt-hour meter
    6. Kill-A-Watt line logger
    7. Total Energy Detective (TED) and current clamps
  4. Electricity Generation
    1. Human-powered generator (part 1 of CEE176B lab)
    2. Power analyzer to make on V/I/R measurements of a generator/motor
    3. Current probe and oscilloscope measurements (part 6 of CEE176B lab)
    4. Sinusoidal waveform of an incandescent lamp
    5. Gulp current for CFL (electric ballast acts as a AC-to-DC rectifier or power supply')
    6. DC generator (see attached video)
    7. Use a battery, permanent magnet, and wire loop to make a simple generator
  5. Electricity Consumption/Loads
    1. Plug loads and vampire loads/leaking electricity (part 5 of CEE176B lab)
    2. Measurements using Kill-A-Watt logger
    3. Controlling/dealing with vampire loads using a smart strip'
    4. Electric water heater (part 8 of CEE176B lab)
    5. V/I/R measurements and analysis of the heating element
    6. Power factor correction with capacitor (part 4 of CEE176B lab)
    7. Use of a parallel capacitor to improve blower performance
  6. Transmission & Distribution
    1. Silicon Valley Power distribution substation tour
    2. Learn about key components and operation of a substation
  7. Power Flow Analysis
    1. Computer Lab: learn the basics of PowerWorld software example with interpretation of results
    2. Apply to a real/reactive power flow analysis of a 6-bus electric grid system
  8. System Performance
    1. Continuation of computer lab from previous week
    2. Apply for reliability/security/stability analysis
  9. System Operation
    1. Field trip to a local' system operator (note: this has to be identified and pursued)
    2. Learn about operational matters such as scheduling, load following, contingency mitigation, etc.
  10. New Technologies on the Grid
    1. Field trip to Foothill Campus solar PV installations with on-line Chevron analysis
    2. Field trip to Foothill CHP Microturbine systems with on-line Chevron analysis
    3. In the lab demonstration of the HOMER software
  11. Smart Grid
    1. Grid LAB-D software (note: the applicability/appropriateness of this tool remains to be seen)
Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
Textbook (one to two chapters per week, questions at end of the chapter). Engineering calculations (power factor analysis), energy audit (power use).