|1. Description - |
|History and analysis of funk, fusion and Hip Hop styles from 1969 to the present. An introduction to the instruments, performers, composers, compositions and recordings that defined/define funk, fusion & Hip Hop from the collapse of traditional jazz and the introduction of funk and jazz fusion to the present. Presentation of recordings, videos and print resources. Major artists include Miles Davis, Herbie Hancock, James Brown, Sly Stone, Weather Report, Wayne Shorter, George Clinton and P-Funk, Jaco Pastorius, Pat Metheny, Grandmaster Flash, Africa Bambaataa, Chuck D. and Dr. Dre. Style periods include Early Jazz Fusion, Early Funk, East Bay Funk, Groove and Smooth Jazz, Modern Fusion, Early Hip Hop and Commercial Rap.|
|Advisory: Not open to students with credit in MUS 64B.|
|2. Course Objectives - |
|The student will be able to: |
- Describe and discuss the history of funk and jazz fusion music from the release of Miles Davis' Bitches Brew through the present.
- Analyze styles of funk and fusion jazz and how they changed during the period.
- Identify major recordings and artists of the period.
- Compare and contrast jazz fusion as art music vs. funk as popular music including the introduction and development of hip hop music.
- Write comprehensive analyses of changes in styles during the period.
- Discuss racism in the U.S. as a catalyst for the development of funk and hip hop as the musical expression of African American culture.
- Discuss how the civil rights movement of the 1960's contributed to the development of funk, and its subsequent mainstreaming into popular music culture during the 1970's by artists such as James Brown, Sly Stone and Stevie Wonder.
|3. Special Facilities and/or Equipment - |
- When taught on campus: classroom sound equipment for compact discs, audiotape and records, screen, overhead projector, slide projector, VCR and DVD.
- When taught via Foothill Global Access: on-going access to computer with Email software and capabilities; Email address; Java-script enabled internet browsing software.
|4. Course Content (Body of knowledge) - |
- American culture 1969-present.
- Media promotion of music that excluded funk and jazz fusion.
- Race as a factor for access to recordings.
- Race as a factor in the development of Funk as a stand-alone musical style.
- Vocabulary of late 20th century musical styles
- Technical characteristics (including pitch, rhythm, melody, dynamics, timbre, texture, form and harmony).
- Changes in characteristics due to social change.
- Rhythmic variation of funk in contrast to jazz.
- Melody as a secondary element.
- The introduction and assimilation of popular funk and rock styles into the jazz idiom and the subsequent development of funk as an identifiable idiom.
- The transition from swing to straight eighth in jazz fusion.
- Backbeat as an integral element of funk.
- Introduction of straight eighth shuffle and the development of groove and smooth jazz.
- The utilization of breakbeats as practiced by early DJ,s, and the development of computer generated beats.
- Melody and Harmony
- Melody as non-essential element of funk.
- Melodic/rhythmic variation and the introduction of early hip hop jazz by Miles Davis.
- Post mediant relationship harmony and early groove jazz.
- Pop harmony and groove jazz.
- Development of strictly contrapuntal funk and hip hop styles.
- Major Innovators and Performers
- Miles Davis and early jazz fusion.
- Joe Zawinul, Wayne Shorter and Weather Report.
- Jaco Pastorius, Michael Brecker and the rise of the virtuoso sound innovator.
- James Brown, Sly Stone and the roots of funk.
- George Clinton and P-Funk.
- Pat Metheny and the birth of groove jazz.
- Don Grolnick and post-jazz instrumental composition.
- David Sanborn and the rise of commercial ?®smooth?Æ jazz.
- Grandmaster Flash, Chuck D. and early Hip Hop.
- Dr. Dre and Commercial Rap.
|5. Repeatability - Moved to header area.|
|6. Methods of Evaluation - |
- Weekly worksheets and quizzes for guided reading and listening.
- Listening assignments via CD and online delivery
- Midterm and Final exams
|7. Representative Text(s) - |
|Poulson, Lin: Jazz & Funk: Post Miles. Ryman Press, 2004. |
Vincent, Richard. Funk & Hip Hop: The Music, The People, and The Rhythm of The
One. St. Martin??s Press, 2004.
|8. Disciplines - |
|9. Method of Instruction - |
|Lecture, Discussion, Laboratory, |
|10. Lab Content - |
|Lab content includes directed listening from the following areas: |
- New Orleans (2nd line)
- Early Funk
- James Brown
- Sly Stone
- Late Funk
- Stevie Wonder, et al
- Miles Davis
- John McGlaughlin
- Michael Brecker
- Hip Hop
- Public Enemy
- The Chronic
- East Coast/West Coast
|11. Honors Description - No longer used. Integrated into main description section.|
|12. Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments - |
- Written midterm and final exams.
- Weekly quizzes that include short answer questions.
- Written concert/DVD reports.
|13. Need/Justification - |
|This course is a required core course for the AA degree, Certificate of Achievement in Music Technology. |