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Effective: Summer 2015
V T 53DINTRODUCTION TO DAIRY CATTLE HEALTH MANAGEMENT2 Unit(s)

Advisory: Advisory: All instruction will take place on the farm at Hidden Villa.
Grade Type: Letter Grade, the student may select Pass/No Pass
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Non-GE Transferable: CSU
1 hour lecture, 2 hours lecture-laboratory. (36 hours total per quarter)

Student Learning Outcomes -
  • Articulate the basic principles of the husbandry and health management of beef and dairy cattle.
  • Correctly identify common breeds of beef and dairy cattle.
  • Demonstrate required knowledge of and competently perform all domestic large animal Essential Skills for the Veterinary Technician as required by Program Accreditation.
Description -
A series of one-hour lectures, live demonstrations, and hands-on practical experiences. Introduction to the principles of the husbandry and health management of dairy and beef cattle. Breed identification; housing and restraint; nutrition and feeding; common infectious disease; and vaccinations; common internal and external parasite management; common veterinary treatments and food animal drug restrictions; breeding, gestation, and parturition. Intended for students in the veterinary technology program.

Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
  1. identify breeds of cattle and discuss breed associated traits and production values.
  2. describe housing and husbandry practices for dairy cattle.
  3. demonstrate restraint and medical techniques on live dairy cattle.
  4. discuss feeding and nutritional requirements for starting, growing and finishing cattle.
  5. discuss feeding and nutritional requirements for gestation and lactation in dairy cattle.
  6. list the common infectious diseases of cattle and identify common vaccinations.
  7. demonstrate techniques of physical examination and first aid on cattle.
  8. list the common internal and external parasites of cattle and identify common anthelmintic treatments commonly prescribed.
  9. discuss parasite population management through rotational grazing and housing sanitation.
  10. identify the use restrictions of common veterinary medications in animals intended for human consumption.
  11. describe the roles of natural breeding and artificial insemination in dairy cattle.
  12. administer pre-parturum supportive medication and vaccinations.
  13. demonstrate vaccination, castration, disbudding, and feeding techniques for calves.
Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
All instruction will take place at Hidden Villa Farm, a working farm with live dairy cows. Appropriate animal housing and handling facilities all necessary equipment and supplies.

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. Dairy cattle breed identification, characteristics, and associated diseases
  2. Husbandry practices and housing facilities
    1. Dairy facilities
    2. Confinement buildings
    3. Free stall systems
    4. Tie stall systems
    5. Pasture-based management
    6. Drylots
    7. Feedlots
  3. Restraint and handling techniques
    1. Bovine chutes and head catches
    2. Bovine tail restraint and nose tongs
  4. Medication Techniques
    1. oral intubation
      1. Intramuscular injection
      2. Intravenous injection
      3. Drench administration
      4. Bolus administration
      5. Pour-on administration
  5. Feeds, feeding and nutritional requirements- Dairy cattle
    1. Starter rations
    2. Grower rations
    3. Finishing rations
    4. Gestation rations
    5. Lactation rations
  6. Infectious diseases and vaccinations- Dairy cattle
    1. Vaccines
    2. Antitoxins
    3. Antibiotics
    4. Probiotics and supportives
    5. Drug use restrictions for food animals
  7. Dairy cow physical examination
  8. Dairy cow first-aid procedure
  9. Dairy cow parasites
    1. Internal parasites
    2. External parasites
    3. Anthelmintic therapy
    4. Parasite population control through environmental management
  10. Common cattle clinical procedures
    1. Venipuncture
    2. Castration
    3. disbudding
    4. Hood trimming
  11. Dairy cattle breeding
    1. Natural breeding
    2. Artificial insemination
    3. Sire and dam selection
Methods of Evaluation -
Written examinations. Practical examinations. Written Case Studies. Completion of an Essential Skills Competency Checklist using Standard Criteria.
Representative Text(s) -
Bassert, Joanna M. and Thomas, John Mc Curnin's Clinical Textbook For Veterinary Technicians., 8th ed., W. B. Saunders Co., 2013.

Disciplines -
Veterinary Technology
 
Method of Instruction -
Lecture, Discussion, Field work, Oral presentations, Demonstration.
 
Lab Content -
Not applicable.
 
Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
Reading Assignments: Weekly reading assignments from text, class handouts, and outside sources ranging from 30 to 60 pages per week.
Written short answer essay questions; and two written case studies.