Print Version

Effective: Summer 2016

Advisory: Advisory: This course is included in the Cardio Fitness family of activity courses; transportation, equipment and any park fees are provided by the student.
Grade Type: Letter Grade, the student may select Pass/No Pass
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Lifelong Learning Transferable: CSU/UC
6 hours laboratory. (72 hours total per quarter)

Student Learning Outcomes -
  • Identify the components of fitness and create a hiking program to meet personal fitness goals.
  • Demonstrate efficient hiking technique, use of 10 essentials (gear) and leave no trace principles.
Description -
Emphasis on preparing fit individuals for a final two-day hike of up to 10-miles each day over moderate to steep terrain. Basic outdoor skills such as fitness development, risk management, trip planning and minimum impact will be identified.

Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
  1. Demonstrate Basic Outdoor Ethics and "Leave No Trace" principles
  2. Describe and demonstrate minimum impact living and travel skills on a personal and group level
  3. Recognize the equipment needs, food, and water purification for a multi-day hiking experience
  4. Increase physical endurance and muscular strength through weekly training hikes with progressively heavier loads over extended mileage
  5. Employ appropriate navigation skills to lead small groups within the class
  6. Analyze and make decisions regarding weather, trail and physical conditions of self and others within group
  7. Develop basic first aid outdoor skills and ability create a plan of action for a situational "virtual" emergency
  8. identify and describe the benefits and value of learning basic outdoor living skills
  9. recognize the value of community service by participating in a one day trail mainentance, park clean-up or related park volunteer project
Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
  1. Topo Trail Maps, compass, First Aid Kit and Two walkie-talkies.
  2. Full camping gear for a two day hike

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. Ethics and minimum impact as described by Leave No Trace and NOLS
    1. techniques to preserve environment
      1. you pack it in you must pack out or use provided recepticles properly
      2. waste disposal and personal hygeine
  2. identify minimum outdoor overnight skills
    1. trail use vs cross country (well defined use vs pristine areas)
    2. campsite selection (re-use existing fire ring/tent area vs pristine)
    3. group size vs small groups
    4. proper waste disposal
    5. Fire safety
  3. Equipment needs
    1. 10-essentials including first aid
    2. Clothing; synthetic vs cotton and layering.
    3. Proper boot selection, packs, sleeping bag, tent, ground cover
    4. Nutrition and hydration. Cooking and water purification options.
  4. Physical improvement
    1. F.I.T.T.
    2. Pack weight formula to progressively prepare for carrying up to 25% of body weight
  5. F. Navigation and trip planning skills
    1. define elements of a topographic map
      1. describe a "virtual" hike
      2. differentiate out/back vs loop vs partial loop vs through hike route.
    2. consider group and individual physical condition when selecting park and hike route
    3. consider cost, transportation, equipment needs based on park facilities
    4. identify safety concerns and create a plan to avoid or deal with hazards including weather conditions
  6. Basic Outdoor First Aid
    1. recognize and care for muscle strain and/or sprain
      1. immobolization techniques
    2. recognize and care for bone and/or joint injury
      1. splint and square knot
    3. recognize and care for hypothermia, hyperthermia and dehydration
    4. Know your emergency numbers for park and leave word with someone at home with your route and time you should return.
Methods of Evaluation -
  1. Hiking preparation, navigation skills, safety and mimimum impact outdoor travel skills will be assessed by direct instructor observation.
  2. One written assignment and one reflection paper (one-page minimum).
  3. Trip Planning Project - small groups of students propose location for final multi-day hike and present their trip plan to the class.
  4. To participate in final multi-day hike and earn credit or grade for class the student must:
    1. pass written pre-trip exam with a score of 90% or better
    2. have completed all class assignments including small group multi-day project
    3. have all required equipment at time of multi-day hike(s).
Representative Text(s) -
  1. Handouts and current website links will be provided each quarter.
  2. Recommended:
Townsend, Chris. Backpacker's Handbook. Third Edition. McGraw-Hill, 2004.
Lanza, Michael. Day Hiker's Handbook: Get Started with the Experts. Seattle, WA: The Mountaineers Books, 2003.
Heid, Matt. Camping and Backpacking the San Francisco Bay Area. 2nd Printing.

Disciplines -
Physical Education
Method of Instruction -
Lecture, Laboratory, Hikes, Skill demonstrations.
Lab Content -
  1. Hiking preparation
  2. Outdoor over night skills.
  3. Outdoor First Aid.

Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
The student will read journals, handouts, applicable internet web sites for personal research related to improving their ability to hike for multiple days.