Print Version

Effective: Summer 2017

Prerequisites: Prerequisite: Honors Institute participant.
Advisory: Advisory: Not open to students with credit in HIST 9.
Grade Type: Letter Grade, the student may select Pass/No Pass
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Social & Behavioral Sciences Transferable: CSU/UC
4 hours lecture. (48 hours total per quarter)

Student Learning Outcomes -
  • The Student will be able to: Create and deliver to seminar participants a researched and evaluative examination of an assigned country or theme by lecture or shared paper.
  • The Student will be able to: Critically assess the challenges of 20th Century Europe and complimentary areas, and the impact on those areas today In writing
  • The Student will be able to: Recognize and assess the impact of individuals on the course of 20th Century history in writing.
Description -
Twentieth Century Europe. Political social, and cultural developments in recent European history. World War I and the consequences of Versailles, Bolshevik Revolution and rise of Communism, Italian Fascism and German Nazism. The diplomacy of World War II, Cold War, and current developments in Western and Eastern Europe. Global impacts. As an honors course, it is a full thematic seminar with advanced teaching methods focusing on major writing, reading, and research assignments, student class lectures, group discussions and interactions.

Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
  1. Trace the intense and unrelenting surge to nationhood, self-determination and national boundaries of the peoples of Europe.
  2. Comprehend and relate the strength and impact of competing ideologies, mass movements, the roles of the strong and weak leaders and their importance on the European and global stage.
  3. Examine thoughtfully the issues of war and conflict - origins, causation, strategy, residue - and the same for peace.
  4. Envision the panorama of the rise and fall, strengthening and disintegration of empires and nations on the European continent and the impact upon the global community.
  5. Understand the tight relationship between events and developments in Europe during the 20th Century and the makeup of the American population, the sources of the 200+ ethnic group migrations to America, the perceptible attitudes by different American voting segments on foreign policy issues as conditioned by family and generational reactions to experiences in originating countries.
  6. Appreciate the bridges built between American emigrants and their countries of origins, and current concerns of new citizens from Western/Eastern Europe.
  7. Critically examine the necessary and sufficient causes of two world wars, the Cold War and the fall of the Berlin Wall - and their effects upon western and eastern Europe.
  8. Analyze the tight relationship between persecution of Jews, Gypsies, and the range of unwanted groups on the Continent with population, culture, policy changes, challenges, patterns in the US.
  9. Evaluate the impact of Europe's major players on the development of cultures, history, political choices or realities in Asia, Africa, Middle East.
Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
Seminar room with tables, media enhanced, with computer and full VHS, DVD.

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. Nineteenth-Century political movements. Conservatism, liberalism, socialism.
  2. Preconditions of the 19th Century.
  3. Empires and their rise and demise. The continuing impact of the Great Game.
  4. Geographical sources such as the former communist countries and the USSR, - its 120+ language groups (including Armenia, Georgia, Ukraine, Belarus, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia)- and Croatia, Poland, Slovenia, Serbia, Bosnia, Macedonia, Kosovo, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Albania, Romania, Bulgaria, Austria, East and West German, Spain, France, Italy, Britain, the Baltic States, the Scandinavian states - and those several groups who have been persecuted, ethnically cleansed, and made stateless.
  5. European catalysts in the 20th Century for world democracies' acquisition, enhancement of large groups of former European residents, and the environments that led to their movement to new countries.
  6. WWI - and the Peace Treaties. Imperialism, the alliance system, Versailles.
  7. Interwar years and rise of totalitarianism. The depression, rise and fall of democracies, new nations; diplomatic developments, abrogation of the Treaty.
  8. WWII, the Final/Partial Solutions, refugees and the uprooted. Foreign policy challenges, immigration necessities, receiving nations.
  9. The Cold War, the colonial revolt, the varied responses of the "Iron Curtain" countries.
  10. Fall of Berlin Wall.
  11. A New Beginning or the Past in New Clothes.
  12. And The Important Themes:
    1. Great powers and small powers.
    2. The dispossessed, uprooted, persecuted.
    3. 20th Century Continental upheavals, origins, impact. Resulting waves of immigration to U.S. Connectiveness to and impact upon American culture, values - and most important, foreign policy patterns, strategy, decisions, actions.
    4. Minority-majority, ingroups, outgroups, good people, bad people, dangers to countries, the perils to humans - as a case study with impact upon understanding man's inhumanity to man; prejudice, hatred, drastic solutions to irritating problems, hideous answers to questions about groups, and impact with global importance in 20th Century.
    5. Ideologies, nationalism, dissent.
    6. War, diplomacy, revolution, diplomacy.
    7. Patterns of economic, social development.
    8. Spheres of influence, imperialism, colonialism, ethnic cleansing.
    9. Historical grievances, lingering challenges of poverty, land, boundaries.
Methods of Evaluation -
  1. Seminar preparation, participation, contribution
  2. Student presentations, student lectures or research paper
  3. Final Critical Thinking, Analytical four-essay paper/exam, 18 pages using secondary and primary sources, and the class papers
  4. Assessment of primary source reports
The evaluation process follows the student progress in the following areas:
Each student becomes one of the European countries or the class specialist on one theme from the Professor's list, such as refugees, leaders, interwar years, gypsies, genocide and ethnic cleansing, the development of NATO and the EU, repressions and killings in former USSR, Women and Children.

At each of the full afternoon seminar meetings once a week, students make brief presentations around the table on their country or theme. In the second half of the course, each student prepares a 30-minute lecture on his/her theme/country with a one-page handout. Or a student may choose to write a paper on the country/theme which is electronically sent to all members of the seminar.

Professor meets in extra out-of-seminar meetings with all seminar students in a series of 4-person learning communities to work together on their research and presentation preparation.
Representative Text(s) -
Students read 4 required books which may come from the following range:
MacMilliam, Margaret. The War that Ended Peace. New York: Random, 2014.
Fromkin, David. Europe's Last Summer: Who Started the Great War in 1914. New York: Knopf, 2004.
MacMillan, Margaret. Paris 1919: Six Months That Changed the World. New York: Random, 2003.
Gilbert, Felix. The End of the European Era. 5th ed. New York: W.W. Norton, 2002.
Rothschild, Joseph and Nancy Wingfield. Return to Diversity: A Political History of East Central Europe since World War II. 3rd ed. New York, Oxford University Press, 2002.
Paxton, Robert. Europe in the Twentieth Century. 4th ed. New York: Thompson/Wadsworth, 2005.
Johnson, Lonnie. Central Europe: Enemies, Neighbors, Friends. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Mazower, Mark. The Balkans: A Short History. New York: Modern Library, 2002.
Huntley, Paula. The Heminway Book Club of Kosovo. Chicago, IL: Tarcher, 2003.
Honig, Jan Willem. Srebrenica: Record of a War Crime. New York: Penguin, 1997.
Durham, Edith. High Albania. London, England: Beacon, 1909.
Doder, Dusko and Louise Branson. Milosevic: Portrait of a Tyrant. New York: Free Press, 1999.
Hopkirk, Peter. The Great Game: The Struggle for Empire in Central Asia. Reprint ed. New York: Kodansha Globe, 1994.

For their Research/Presentation topic, students use the Professor's six-page bibliography of recent/critical books and articles arranged by Country and Theme - and choose the material for reading in consultation with the Professor. Students also have a range of Professor-selected websites to use for countries with limited current book material.

Disciplines -
Method of Instruction -
Taught as a seminar, lecture, Discussion, Cooperative learning exercises, Field work, Oral presentations, Independent study, Demonstrations.
Lab Content -
Not applicable.
Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
  1. Reading: range of leading and current experts - books, articles, web.
  2. Writing: lectures by students, papers for all students to read, 20 page comprehensive essay exam.
  3. Other: extensive moderated discussions on critical topics.