|1. Description - |
|Second in a two-course series in the theory and practice of Veterinary Assisting focusing on the knowledge, skills, and attitudes required for competent paraprofessional support to the Veterinarian (DVM) and to the Registered Veterinary Technician (RVT.) The student will prepare for an exciting career as a Veterinary Assistant by learning the essential knowledge and hands-on skills. Emphasis is on the practical aspects of front office management, working as part of the veterinary health care team, basic animal care, and fundamentals of patient management under direct supervision. The course is entirely on-line and may be taken as a stand-alone class or may be combined with V T 52A and V T 88A & V T 88B Clinical Preceptorships to earn a Veterinary Assisting Program Certificate of Completion.|
|Prerequisite: V T 52A.|
|2. Course Objectives - |
|Focus on animal handling and restraint; exam room and treatment room procedures and assisting; hospital and personal safety and record keeping. Basic patient assessment, and monitoring, and nursing skills. administration of medications, animal grooming, common diseases and medical conditions. Surgical preparation, equipment maintenance, assisting in the pharmacy, clinical laboratory, hospital ward, and radiology The student will demonstrate proficiency in performing the Essential Tasks for Veterinary Assistants as specified by the Association of Veterinary Technician Educators. |
The student will be able to:
- competently and safely, perform common manual restraint techniques for the dog, cat, rabbit, and pocket pets.
- apply proper manual animal restraint techniques in various clinical situations for common clinical procedures such as: medical evaluation, sample collection, and treatment.
- properly and safely, place and remove companion animals from cages and runs.
- demonstrate the competent application of all common restraint devices (collars, leashes, muzzles, restraint bag, towel, capture net, rabies pole).
- demonstrate proper techniques for obtaining and recording an animal??s weight.
- accurately recall, asses, and record a patient??s vital signs.
- correctly and safely, perform a routine nail trim in the cat, dog, and rabbit.
- demonstrate ability to properly express the anal glands of the dog and cat.
- list and visually identify the common external and internal parasites of the dog, cat, and rabbit.
- discuss routine preventative medical care protocols for dogs and cats.
- demonstrate the proper techniques for cleaning the external ear and eye.
- properly administers oral, aural, ophthalmic, and dermal medications.
- handle needles and syringes properly and consistently dispose of sharps properly.
- recall, list, and explain the purpose of the Universal Precautions.
- recall and explain the principles of Aseptic Technique.
- demonstrate the proper techniques for mixing vaccines and filling syringes.
- properly and safely, performs therapeutic bathing and basic grooming of companion animals.
- list and recall pertinent information about common diseases and medical conditions.
- demonstrate ability to sanitize and prepare surgical instruments, soft goods and other supplies for sterilization
- demonstrate the proper operation and maintenance of the autoclave.
- assist with preparation of surgical patient using aseptic technique.
- properly perform a surgical hand scrub, gowning, and open and closed gloving without breaking asepsis.
- demonstrate proper operating room conduct.
- recognize common surgical instruments by name and use.
- perform post-surgical clean up of animals and equipment.
- Perform set up of a variety of common laboratory tests (fecal flotation, snap tests, heartworm).
- correctly perform a variety of simple, in-house, laboratory tests.
- demonstrate the proper procedure for collecting a voided urine sample.
- determine physical properties of urine: a) color b) clarity c) specific gravity uses a urine test strip correctly.
- demonstrate the procedure for obtaining and storing a fecal sample.
- properly sets up fecal tests and mixes fecal solutions.
- consistently maintain good patient records and laboratory logs.
- know and assist with the care and maintenance of common laboratory equipment.
- implement and consistently follow recommended safety measures in Radiology.
- assists in completion of diagnostic radiographs (measuring, positioning, machine settings).
- demonstrate proper automatic processing of radiographs.
- properly maintains radiologic equipment (cleans screens, protective equipment).
|3. Special Facilities and/or Equipment - |
|Multimedia capable computer and access to the Internet. |
|4. Course Content (Body of knowledge) - |
- Animal restraint
- Manual restraint techniques (table-top, ground)
- Manual restraint for common clinical procedures
- General examination
- Blood Collection
- Urine Collection
- Ear, eye, nose, mouth examination
- Restraint devices
- Collars and leashes
- Restraint Bags
- Towel restraint
- Capture net
- Capture pole
- Transporting patients
- Placing and removing animals from enclosures
- Common Exam and Treatment Room Techniques
- Methods for obtaining and recording an animal's body weight
- Assessing and recording vital signs
- Rectal temperature
- Heart rate
- Arterial pulse
- Respiratory rate
- Blood pressure
- Pain assessment
- Perform nail trim (dog, cat, and rabbit)
- Express anal glands (dog and cat)
- Animal Grooming
- Bathing and drying
- Brushing and combing
- External Parasite Identification (dog, cat, rabbit)
- Cleaning the external eye, ear, and nose
- Administration of medication
- Enteral Routes
- Parenteral Routes
- Identification, handling, and use of needles and syringes
- Disposal of Medical Waste
- Reconstituting vaccines
- Subcutaneous injection sites and methods
- Intramuscular injection sites and methods
- Surgical Assisting
- Universal Precautions
- Aseptic Technique
- Preparation of surgical instruments and equipment
- Instrument identification and care
- Equipment identification and care
- Sanitizing instruments, equipment, and supplies
- Preparing surgical instruments, soft goods, and other supplies for sterilization
- Contents of surgical packs
- Proper operation and maintenance of the autoclave
- Proper operation and maintenance of the gas sterilizer
- Preparation of the surgical patient
- Skin cleansing the surgical scrub
- Principles of patient positioning and draping
- Preparation of surgical personnel
- Surgical hand scrub
- Open method
- Closed method
- Operating room conduct
- Surgical assistant
- Circulating nurse
- Post-surgical clean-up of animals, instruments, laundry, and equipment
- Clinical Laboratory Skills
- Patient records and laboratory logs
- Care and maintenance of common laboratory equipment
- Hematology and chemistry analyzers
- Common in-house laboratory tests
- Fecal flotation
- Sample collection methods
- Setting up the fecal flotation
- Setting up the fecal centrifugation
- Urine collection methods
- Collecting voided urine sample
- Observing and recording physical properties
- Preparing the urine sediment
- Using chemistry test strips
- Determining urine specific gravity using a refractometer
- Blood Smear
- Preparing the thin smear
- Staining the smear
- New Methylene Blue
- In-house immunoassay (Snap Tests)
- Preparing samples for transport to outside laboratory
- Blood for hematology
- Blood for clinical chemistry
- Tissue samples
- Microbial samples
- Assisting in radiology.
- Care and maintenance of equipment
- Principles of radiation safety
- Use of safety equipment
- ALARA Principle
- Radiation Safety Regulations
- Measuring the body part of interest
- Reading a technique chart
- Setting the exposure on the control panel
- Assisting with patient positioning
- Processing of radiographs
- Proper identification of radiographs
- Manual processing (Dental chair-side darkroom)
- Automatic processing
- Filing and retrieving radiographs
|5. Repeatability - Moved to header area.|
|6. Methods of Evaluation - |
|Written quizzes and examinations; written assignments and projects; participation in class discussion forums. |
|7. Representative Text(s) - |
|Pattengale, Paula Tasks for the Veterinary Assistant. 2nd ed., Wiley, John and Sons, Inc. 2009. |
Mc Bride, Douglass F. Learning Veterinary Terminology. 2nd ed., Mosby, 2001.
|8. Disciplines - |
|Veterinary Technology |
|9. Method of Instruction - |
|Lecture, Self-paced, Electronic discussions/chat, Online Course Modules. |
|10. Lab Content - |
|Not applicable. |
|11. Honors Description - No longer used. Integrated into main description section.|
|12. Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments - |
|Weekly reading assignments from online modules, text, Internet resources, and other outside sources ranging from 30 to 60 pages per week. Written assignments, participation in online forum discussions. |
|13. Need/Justification - |
|Didactic sequence of courses of the Online Veterinary Assisting Certificate Program that meets a community need for education of Veterinary Assistants and other non- licensed staff. Meets the accreditation standards of the American veterinary Medical Association and provides the core knowledge base for the certificate. |