|Student Learning Outcomes -|
- A successful student will identify the photographic process, describe the visual elements, and interpret the meaning of a photograph.
- A successful student will synthesize the course material on photography's role in shaping ideas about race, class, gender, sexuality and national identity in America.
|Description - |
|Examination of photography's role in shaping ideas about race, class, gender, sexuality and national identity in America. Critical analysis of images from a wide range of genres including: commercial photography, portraiture, social documentary, photojournalism, ethnographic and scientific photography, erotica, and fine-art photography are discussed within their historical and social context.|
|Course Objectives - |
|The student will be able to: |
- Describe the historical experience and photographic representation of minority groups in America.
- Critically analyze the factors in photography that have helped shape our perceptions, assumptions, beliefs and knowledge about different racial, cultural and ethnic groups and how these factors have either affected or reflected the treatment of these groups by society.
- Identify the major photographers and genres through their photographs and philosophies.
- Write about the important qualities of a photograph and compare and contrast one photograph to another.
- Describe how photographers from different cultural backgrounds contribute to the richness and diversity of American photography.
|Special Facilities and/or Equipment - |
- When taught on campus: lecture room equipped for slide projection, computer projection, and video/dvd presentation.
- When taught via Foothill Global Access: on-going access to computer with Email software and capabilities; Email address; Java-script enabled internet browsing software.
|Course Content (Body of knowledge) - |
- Looking at and writing about photographs
- Describing photographs (visual elements, subject matter, form, medium, style)
- Methods of interpreting photographs in photography criticism
- Issues of Representation
- Regime of representation
- Evolution and implications of "whiteness" as the norm in America (rich, white, male, heterosexual, U.S. citizen)
- Role of the "other" (Class, Race, Ethnicity, Gender, Sexuality, Legal Status, Religion)
- Defining photography as a powerful medium of representation
- The role of the camera in colonization.
- Historical and social context of colonization
- Photographic inventions and territorial expansion
- Anthropology, ethnology and photography
- Depicting a world of progress through visualizing differences
- Representations of the 'native' and the making of European identities
- Power relationships of representation (photographer, subject and viewer)
- Photographs and the construction of an archetype or stereotype
- Catalysts for the deconstruction of an archetype or stereotype
- Cultural minorities reframing the view of America
- Great Depression and the creation of federal agencies that used photography for documentation
- Development of mass-market magazines such as Life that incorporated photography for their substance
- Introduction of hand-held 35mm cameras
- Social and artistic movements
- Introduction of new and alternative representations (i.e. "New Negro" image)
- Effects of representation
- Outsider perception
- Treatment in life
- discrimination (housing, jobs, educational opportunities, etc)
- Assimilation and isolation
- Interplay of class, race, ethnicity, gender, sexuality, legal status in American history
- Historical and social context of Native American experience
- Historical and social context of African American experience
- Historical and social context of Chicano/Latino American experience
- Historical and social context of European immigrant experience
- Historical and social context of Asian American experience
- Photography in Contemporary American Society
- Widespread preoccupation with issues of cross-cultural adjustment, displacement, and loss within contemporary photography.
- Effects of the media and the influence of the photography industry on visual culture and society
|Methods of Evaluation - |
- Discussion topic comments designed to show student mastery of lessons and text.
- Quizzes on each of the topic areas (e.g., Analyzing Photographs, Anthropology and Colonialism, Exhibiting the Savage, The Camera and the Immigrant, Looking Like the Enemy, The Consumption of Lynching Images, etc).
- Photographic image analyses designed to show student mastery of lessons and text.
- 1000-word essays or photographic projects for each of the three parts of the course.
|Representative Text(s) - |
|Fusco, Coco and Wallis, Brian, (Editors). Only Skin Deep : Changing Visions of the American Self. New York, New York: Harry N Abrams, 2003. |
Although this text is older than the suggested "5 years or newer" standard, it still remains a seminal text in this area of study. Supplemental readings are provided in the form of a course reader for a more current analysis.
|Disciplines - |
|Method of Instruction - |
|Lecture, Discussion, Laboratory. |
|Lab Content - |
|Lab hours consist of one or more of the following options: |
- Students will take quizzes on lecture and course reader/textbook information dealing with photographic representations of race, class, gender, sexuality and national identity in America.
- Students will view and then analyze photographic representations of race, class, gender, sexuality and national identity in America.
- Students will watch and then analyze selected films that deal with race, class, gender, sexuality and national identity in America.
- Students participate in online discussions based on questions posed in weekly lessons. This participation consists of students posting answers to written questions provided by the instructor and/or posting responses to other student comments in an online discussion forum.
- Students will attend exhibitions (both independently and as a class). Students will then write descriptive/analytical/experiential summaries based on their exhibit attendance.
|Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments - |
- Reading Assignments: Reading of 1 or more textbook essays for each of the lecture topics plus online lecture.
- Writing Assignments: Three 1000-word essays responding to a prompt.