Print Version

Effective: Summer 2015

Advisory: Advisory: Not open to students with credit in MUS 81.
Grade Type: Letter Grade, the student may select Pass/No Pass
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Non-GE Transferable: CSU
3 hours lecture, 3 hours laboratory. (72 hours total per quarter)

Student Learning Outcomes -
  • A successful student will create and edit a multitrack recording.
  • A successful student will assess the comparative levels of tracks as they relate to the multitrack recording as a whole, and deliver a finished stereo master mix.
Description -
Introduction to multitrack recording and production using AVID Pro Tools HD systems. Contemporary recording studio production techniques including microphone selection, placement, analog and digital signal paths, speaker monitors and studio acoustics. Techniques for recording drums, bass, piano, guitar, woodwinds, strings and vocals. Practical hands-on experience with professional recording artists and student collaborations.

Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
  1. Operate a multitrack recorder in professional studio session environment.
  2. Analyze the audio spectrum of a musical instrument and apply that analysis in the recording process.
  3. Assemble a multitrack recording in a multi session environment.
  4. Assess the comparative levels of tracks as they relate to the multitrack recording as a whole.
  5. Define the overall level of a multitrack recording in relation to the headroom allowed by the media used to record.
  6. Describe and discuss the basic principles of multitrack recording.
  7. Discuss the multitrack recording styles and techniques of other cultures.
Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
  1. When taught on campus:
    1. 24/8 analog and digital mixing console.
    2. 1 Pro Tools Control 24 digital control surface.
    3. 10-20 condenser and dynamic microphones.
    4. 1 Pro Tools HD system running on a G5 with at least 2 Gb of memory.
    5. 1 Pro Tools 192 I/O Interface with a 192 expansion card.
    6. 1 Pro Tools 96i I/O Interface.
    7. 30 Pro Tools Native systems.
    8. 30 Macintosh computers at least 1.5 GHz with a 24 channel D/A converter.
    9. multiple RTAS and AAX plug-ins.
    10. 10-20 condenser and dynamic microphones.
    11. 5 foot, 15 foot, and 30 foot XLR cables for all microphones.
    12. 5 analog signal processors.
    13. Microphone stands with boom arms for all microphones.
  2. When taught via Foothill Global Access:
    1. On-going access to computer with Email software and capabilities.
    2. Email address.
    3. Java-script enabled internet browsing software.

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. Study and analysis of multitrack recording techniques.
    1. Single-track recording in a multi-session environment. (Lec, Lab)
    2. Recording multiple tracks simultaneously. (Lec, Lab)
    3. Integrating MIDI tracks into audio recordings. (Lec, Lab)
  2. Planning and assembly of multitrack recordings.
    1. Recording percussion and percussive instruments. (Lec, Lab)
    2. Recording the human voice, spoken and sung. (Lec, Lab)
    3. Direct recording (impedance transform) of electric instruments. (Lec, Lab)
    4. Recording brass, string and plectrum instruments. (Lec, Lab)
    5. Listing and filing of track records for future reference. (Lec, Lab)
  3. Study and analysis of cross media multitrack recordings.
    1. Integrating digital multitrack recorders and CPU-based systems. (Lec, Lab)
    2. Application of synchronization protocols including SMPTE time code and MTC. (Lec, Lab)
    3. Application of synchronization protocols from Europe, Asia and Latin America. (Lec, Lab)
Methods of Evaluation -
  1. Written assignments that analyze, compare and contrast multitrack recording techniques.
  2. Designing and assembling a multitrack recording in a multi session environment.
  3. Tests on multitrack recording techniques from all cultures with commercial music industries.
Representative Text(s) -
Huber, David. Modern Recording Techniques. 8th edition. Focal Press, 2013.
Other written materials provided by the instructor and delivered online.

Disciplines -
Commercial Music
Method of Instruction -
  1. Lecture presentations that demonstrate contemporary recording studio production techniques.
  2. Classroom discussions that address the history of audio engineering and how these concepts are applied in modern, professional recording studios.
  3. Group presentations followed by in-class discussion and evaluation.
Lab Content -
Lab content includes topics such as microphone selection and placement, gain settings, monitor system setup, amplification calculations based on room size, etc. Other items may include subjects such as number of plug ins per insert track, bus assignments for efficient recording operation, and mastering compression settings.
Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
  1. Written critiques and analyses of audio production projects including albums, soundtracks, television, video games and Internet multi-media.
  2. Written summaries documenting technical and artistic elements for corresponding submitted assignments and audio projects.
  3. Written proposals, session logs, learning outcomes and reflections supporting submitted musical works and final master recordings.