|1. Description - |
|Introduction to the theory and practice of basic oil painting, including the use of value, color and light to model the three-dimensional form.|
|Prerequisite: ART 4A.|
|Advisory: This course is included in the Painting family of activity courses.|
|2. Course Objectives - |
|The student will be able to: |
- Create oil paintings that show evidence of a working knowledge of the physical properties of oil painting materials
- Organize and apply the basic formal elements and principles of design in paintings
- Model form from observation using value, color and light from observation
- Apply the principles of perceptually and theoretically based color theory to painting projects
- Understand the preparation of oil painting surfaces and supports
- Develop expressive content through manipulation of mark, color and stroke
- Examine and describe historical and contemporary developments, trends, materials, and approaches in oil painting
- Assess and critique paintings in group, individual, and written contexts using relevant critique formats, concepts and terminology
- Safely handle and use studio oil painting materials and equipment.
|3. Special Facilities and/or Equipment - |
- Easels, stools, and storage space for each student. Still life storage area, room darkening drapes, portable lighting equipment.
- When taught via Foothill Global Access using Etudes, ongoing access to a computer with e-mail address, software and hardware, and Internet access.
|4. Course Content (Body of knowledge) - |
- Physical properties of oil painting materials
- Fat over lean
- Under-painting and layers of paint
- Direct or Alla-Prima painting
- Organize the basic formal elements and principles of design in paintings
- Overlapping forms or shapes
- Balance or positive and negative space
- Proportion of objects, symmetry and asymmetry
- Painting a still-life
- Model form using the value or tonal under-painting
- Model form using color
- Model form using the logic of shadow and light-form, core and cast shadows, half tones, highlights and reflected light
- Perceptually and theoretically based color theory to painting projects
- Value or tonal under-painting
- Monochromatic color
- Warm/cool color
- Complimentary color
- Local color
- Tints, tones and shades
- Saturated/Desaturated color
- Preparation of painting surfaces and supports
- Stretching a canvas
- Application of Gesso
- Preparation of a panel
- Drying process of paint mediums
- Oil paint mediums and varnishes
- Oil paint colors and drying process
- Thickness of paint application and drying process
- Mixing paint colors
- Content through manipulation of mark, color and stroke
- Palette knife
- Brush stokes
- Directional strokes
- Strokes borrowed from traditional artist
- Class dialogue of historical and contemporary developments, trends, materials, and approaches in painting
- Critique paintings in group, individual, and written contexts using relevant critique formats, concepts and terminology
- Studio painting materials and equipment.
- Disposal of paint and rags
- Organization of a paint palette
- Cleaning brushes
- Using an easel
|5. Repeatability - Moved to header area.|
|6. Methods of Evaluation - |
|The following evaluation methods may include but are not limited to: |
- Portfolio review-Each painting will be evaluated for technical ability, craftsmanship and personal creative and conceptual approaches
- Written or oral critiques
- Written or participation in lectures or dialogues of historical and contemporary painting
- Painting revisions
|7. Representative Text(s) - |
|Freil,Michael, Still Life Painting Atelier: An Introduction to Oil Painting, Watson-Guptill, 2010. |
Gury, Al. Alla Prima: A Contemporary Guide to Traditional Direct Painting. Ist ed. Watson-Guptill, 2009.
|8. Disciplines - |
|9. Method of Instruction - |
- Lecture presentation using the language of acrylic painting.
- Discussion using the language of oil painting.
- Demonstration of using oil paint, oil medium, brushes, supports, techniques and methods.
- Critique and group presentation of oil painting projects followed by in-class discussion and evaluation.
|10. Lab Content - |
- Exploration of physical properties of oil painting materials.
- Organization and application of the basic formal elements and principles of design as they relate to oil painting.
- Safety rules and procedures related to the handling of oil painting materials.
- Evaluation and application of basic principles of color theory.
- Lecture or demonstration of the construction and preparation of painting surfaces and supports.
- Mixing oil paint on a palette, oil mixing mediums
- Painting still life or space projects from observation.
|11. Honors Description - No longer used. Integrated into main description section.|
|12. Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments - |
|Copy of a master traditional or contemporary oil painting. Research the artwork, the artist, the style, subject matter, content and context. Write an essay or paper describing the artwork. Write a self critique describing the process of making an artist copy or study. |
|13. Need/Justification - |
|This course is a restricted support course for the A.A. degrees and Certificates of Achievement in Art and Art: Studio Emphasis. |