Print Version

Effective: Summer 2017

Advisory: Advisory: ART 4A or 5A; this course is included in the Book Arts & Paper family of activity courses.
Grade Type: Letter Grade, the student may select Pass/No Pass
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Non-GE Transferable: CSU/UC
3 hours lecture, 3 hours laboratory. (72 hours total per quarter)

Student Learning Outcomes -
  • A successful student will be able to be able to demonstrate neat, technical expertise in the use of mixed media.
  • A successful student will be able to arrange art works according the elements of point, line, shape , value, color, texture, and mass, and the principles of harmony , variety, balance, proportion, dominance, movement, economy, space.
  • A successful student will be able to evaluate works and distinguish strengths or weaknesses and demonstrate willingness to hear constructive feedback.
Description -
Studio experience in structuring the elements of visual form using, but not limited to, the exploratory medium of collage. Development of a personal sensitivity to visual organization and the vocabulary of art as it relates to expressiveness and content.

Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
  1. describe and understand formal elements as they function in art works.
  2. demonstrate an ability to synthesize content and form in art works.
  3. use a variety of spatial and formal techniques to give structure and compositional strength to images.
  4. work with a variety of materials including, but not limited to, drawing, collage, and photographic and computer generated media.
  5. gain knowledge about how socio/cultural and personal concerns affect art forms.
  6. gain confidence in expressing a personal point of view in image making.
  7. share through discussion in student critiques the cultural and personal differences in their artwork.
Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
  1. Adequate work table space, stool for each student, sink area.
  2. When taught via Foothill Global Access, on-going access to computer with email software and hardware; email address.

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
Technique, form, and content will be studied both separately and in combination.
  1. Technical Concerns
    1. Sketches: use of ink, pencils, charcoals, and pastels, and other materials as required.
    2. Collage/assemblage - assembly and alteration.
    3. Student selected media such as photography, computer generated art.
  2. Formal Concerns
    1. Review of major elements: point, line, shape, value, color, texture, mass, and sequence.
    2. Organizing principles: scale, balance, proportion, unity with variety, movement, directional forces, emphasis and subordination, et. al.
    3. Structural analysis of works done by artists from past and present.
    4. Comparison and contrast of formal arrangement and random order in composition.
  3. Conceptual Focus
    1. Purposes of art, perceptual and conceptual imagery, symbolism, and visual metaphor.
    2. Social issues in art: the environment, ethnicity, gender concerns, censorship.
    3. Aesthetics - fine art/folk art, high art/low art, and public art/private art.
  4. Since art projects cannot be precisely defined or measured they naturally offer wide latitude of interpretation. Some student assignments may be concerned with a diversity of personal experiences and cultural heritages and therefore bring these perspectives into a shared activity. The art classroom offers multiple opportunities to illustrate concepts by artists representing broad cultural and personal histories.
Methods of Evaluation -
  1. Fitness to assignment and evidence of understanding principles involved.
  2. Written quizzes, participation in class discussions, and overall contribution to the class may partially constitute methods of evaluating the student's understanding of the material.
  3. Craftsmanship: evidence of care in construction and execution of final work.
  4. Progress: evidence of individual's increased understanding and application of concepts and technique. Originality and initiative in experimenting and exploring alternatives in the work addressed.
  5. Participation in class critiques and discussions and demonstration of interest and overall contribution to the class.
Representative Text(s) -
Brommer, Gerald. Collage Techniques. Watson Guptill, August, 1, 1994.
Although this text is older than the suggested "5 years or newer" standard, it remains a seminal text in this area of study.

Pearce, Amanda. The Crafter's Complete Guide to Collage. Watson Guptill, 1997.
Martinez & Block. Visual Forces. 2nd ed. Prentice Hall, 1994.

Disciplines -
Method of Instruction -
Lecture, Discussion, Laboratory, Demonstration. Internet classes parallel on-ground coursework; discussion occurs weekly in the Discussion forum and scheduled Chat.
Lab Content -
  1. Weekly lab projects are developed during class lab time from concept to completion based on the lectures on composition, design and collage methodology, techniques and materials.
  2. The student will create lab projects using a variety of standard grid systems and alternate alignment procedures to create composition.
  3. Projects are developed using triangular composition, linear composition, circular composition, rectangular composition and multiple other compositional methods.
  4. Student lab projects include use of paper, cardboard, glue, paint, markers, pens, pencils, cutting devices, fabrics and all other materials appropriate to college techniques.
  5. Supplies include glue, brushes, sizing, primer and mounting board. Many projects will use gesso for sizing.
  6. Use construction paper, copy paper, paper bags, tissue paper, marbled paper, handmade paper, etc. The paper can be either soft or hard, or a mixture of both.
  7. Use cut-outs from magazines or newsprint. Fashion and news magazines can feature several collage-worthy images. Newsprint can add a fun texture to a collage, as well; just be aware that dyes may run.
  8. Find old scraps of wallpaper. You might have some leftover in a closet, or you can buy small sample swatches from a wallpaper store.
  9. Make use of different foils or tapes. Use the aluminum foil from the kitchen, or color masking or duct tape.
  10. Use photographs. Cutting images from old photographs can lend your collage a retro feel. Just make sure you're not cutting up the only copy you have of a photo that you might need later.
Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
  1. Students required to read lecture and assignment handouts for both on-ground and online classes.
  2. Weekly laboratory assignments based upon lecture-demonstration are usually individual but may include group projects.
  3. Students required to include notes, a summary of the project and written self-critique using appropriate terminology for each project, and submitted in a final portfolio.
  4. Choose a style of collage. By definition, a collage should be made up of several different pieces. Those pieces can be made of all sorts of items, such as paper, yarn, fabric, stamps, magazine cut-outs, plastic, raffia, foil, labels, lids, matchsticks, corks, natural items (bark, leaves, seeds, eggshells, seashells, twigs, etc.), buttons, and so forth. You can either choose one medium such as paper or fabric, or you can make an eclectic mix, such as paper, buttons and foil.