|1. Description - |
|Introduction to the historical development, theory and techniques of archaeological research and fieldwork. Development of comparative approach to the study of ancient cultures. Focus on cultural resource management, survey and selection of field sites, dating, excavation, artifact classification, interpretation of data and written analysis.|
|2. Course Objectives - |
|The student will be able to: |
- use and apply basic archaeological terminology.
- integrate and apply the newer techniques of laboratory analysis as applied to field data.
- analyze the history of archaeology and its relation to the modern world.
- evaluate the modern theories and developmental trends in the field.
- compare archaeology to other subfields within anthropology.
- observe and participate in archaeological field excavations by field trip or by audiovisual materials and laboratory.
- demonstrate critical thinking skills necessary to understand material culture.
- prepare archaeological reports and written analyses.
|3. Special Facilities and/or Equipment - |
- When taught on campus: none.
- When taught as an online distance learning section, students and faculty need ongoing and continuous Internet and Email access.
|4. Course Content (Body of knowledge) - |
- Introduction to archaeology.
- Goals of Archaeology.
- Culture History.
- Past Lifeways.
- Cultural Process.
- Scientific methodology.
- History of archaeology.
- Contemporary archaeology.
- careers in archaeology.
- politics in archaeology.
- Ethics in archaeology.
- Working in someone else's backyard.
- Case histories from archaeology.
- Ohlone in the Silicon Valley.
- Maya and Museums.
- Other cultures.
- Archaeological approaches.
- Culture historical interpretation.
- Processual archaeology.
- The systems-ecological approach.
- Postprocessual archaeology.
- Evolutionary archaeology.
- The basic units of archaeology.
- Archaeological sites.
- Settlement patterns.
- Exploration and Discovery: conducting fieldwork.
- Site surveying and locating sites.
- Site surveying and collecting data.
- Excavation: the dig, tools, techniques.
- Excavation: recording and preserving.
- Analysis and Description.
- Dating techniques.
- Soil analysis.
- Floral and fauna analysis.
- Artifact analysis.
- Classification, taxonomy, and systematics.
- Bioarchaeology: Human remains.
- Explaining the past.
- The environment.
- Environmental Archaeology.
- Human Biological Adaptation.
- Human Cultural Adaptation.
- Domestication and Agriculture.
- Settlement and Subsistence.
- Subsistence systems.
- Ecofactual evidence.
- Settlement archaeology.
- Site Catchment.
- Site Hierarchy.
- Understanding Cultural Systems.
- Political organizations.
- Social stratification.
- Origins of states.
- Religous organization.
- Understanding Cultural Change.
- Systems theory.
- Contact and conflict.
- Archaeology - Its History and Future.
- Collectors and Antiquarians.
- Geological developments and human evolution.
- Public Archaeology.
- Cultural Resource Management.
- Public education.
- Ethics in archaeology.
- Archaeology today and tomorrow.
|5. Repeatability - Moved to header area.|
|6. Methods of Evaluation - |
- Library research analysis based on topics pertinent to class
- Group presentations based on classroom laboratory exercises
- Fieldwork and Fieldnotes from attendance at a local field experience
- Research paper based on topic pertinent to class
- Oral Presentations based on archaeology workbook assignments with archeological scenario that is analyzed.
- Essay and Objective Midterm and Final Exams
|7. Representative Text(s) - |
|Sutton, Mark Q. and Robert M. Yohe II. Archaeology: The Science of the Human Past. Boston: Pearson, 2008. |
Sullivan, Mary C. and Samuel Connell. A Case Study in Archaeology: A Student's Perspective. Dubuque, IA: Kendall-Hunt, 2009.
|8. Disciplines - |
|9. Method of Instruction - |
|Lecture, Discussion, Cooperative learning exercises, Field work, Oral presentations, Field trips. |
|10. Lab Content - |
|Field excavation experience at local archaeological sites or equivalent online experience. Two days of field practicum with excavation and survey techniques learned during hands-on archaeological project. |
|11. Honors Description - No longer used. Integrated into main description section.|
|12. Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments - |
|Student required to analyze detailed reports from two archaeology workbooks which allow them to interpret data and present conclusions. |
|13. Need/Justification - |
|This course is a required core course for the AA degree in Anthroplogy. |