Foothill CollegeApproved Course Outlines

Biological and Health Sciences Division
V T 86LABORATORY ANIMAL TECHNOLOGYWinter 2012
4 hours lecture.4 Units

Total Quarter Learning Hours: 48 (Total of All Lecture, Lecture/Lab, and Lab hours X 12)
 
 Lecture Hours: 4 Lab Hours: Lecture/Lab:
 Note: If Lab hours are specified, see item 10. Lab Content below.

Repeatability -
Statement: Not Repeatable.

Status -
 Course Status: ActiveGrading: Letter Grade with P/NP option
 Degree Status: ApplicableCredit Status: Credit
 Degree or Certificate Requirement: AS Degree
 GE Status: Non-GE

Articulation Office Information -
 Transferability: CSUValidation: 6/15/10

1. Description -
Study of the husbandry, care, management, and nursing care of rabbits, rodents kept as companion animals. Orientation to the humane and ethical use of animals in research and to the animal advocate and nursing roles of the veterinary technician in a biomedical research animal facility. Regulations affecting the use of animals in research are discussed. Proper methods of restraint and handling; husbandry and housing; feeding and nutrition; medical and surgical nursing techniques for the common species of "laboratory animals" (i.e. rodents, rabbits, nonhuman primates, reptiles and amphibians, etc.) Introduction to diagnostic and therapeutic techniques and common diseases of laboratory animals. Appropriate anesthesia, analgesia and euthanasia methods will be discussed. Intended for students in the veterinary technology program.
Prerequisite: Admission to the Veterinary Technology Program.
Co-requisite: None
Advisory: None

2. Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
  1. identify and discuss the legal, moral, and ethical obligations involved in the humane care and use of research animals and the keeping of these species as companion animals.
  2. describe why and how animals are used in biomedical research to the benefit of other animals and humans.
  3. relate and explain the laws governing the humane and ethical use of laboratory animals.
  4. Discuss the requirements for research animal facilities.
  5. identify the common species of laboratory animals.
  6. explain the basic husbandry and nursing care of the common laboratory animal species.
  7. describe and/or perform basic restraint, handling, diagnostic, and therapeutic procedures for the laboratory animal species.
  8. differentiate and describe appropriate analgesia, anesthesia and euthanasia techniques for laboratory animals.
  9. determine the sex of common species of laboratory animals.
  10. recognize common diseases and conditions and routine therapeutic methods of laboratory animals.
  11. Outline and discuss colony surveillance Techniques
  12. summarize the key points related to common rodent and rabbit anesthesia procedures.
  13. Compare and contrast humane and inhumane euthanasia methods.
  14. List and describe various career opportunities in biomedical research.
3. Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
Classroom with multimedia projection and presentation capability. Instructional media which show animal handling techniques, blood collection procedures, surgery, etc. Colony of live animals including mice, rats, guinea pigs, hamsters, and rabbits. Appropriate housing that meets or exceeds the requirements of the Animal Welfare Act.

4. Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. Legal, moral, and ethical obligations involved in the humane care and use of animals in the research setting.
    1. Introduction to biomedical research and laboratory animal science
      1. Survey of methods of biomedical research
      2. Animal research in context
      3. Animal research cost and benefit to humans and animals
        1. Cost and benefit to animals
        2. Cost and benefit to humans
    2. Comparison of companion animal and research animal species
      1. Common research animal species
      2. Common companion animal species
      3. common ground for the veterinary professional
      4. roles of the RVT and DVM
    3. Ethical, humane, and scientific issues related to animal research
      1. Ethical issues
      2. Humane issues
      3. Scientific issues
      4. Alternatives to the use of animals in research
  2. Laws, regulations, and policies affecting the use of laboratory animals
    1. Federal federal laws and regulations
    2. State laws and regulations
    3. Other regulations and policies
  3. Requirements for Research Animal Facilities
    1. Introduction to laboratory animal facilities
    2. Facility design
      1. Environmental concerns
      2. Animal caging systems
      3. Sanitation practices
    3. Animal records
    4. Animal procurement and transportation
    5. Safety and health considerations
    6. Pest control
  4. Basic husbandry and nursing care of the common laboratory animal species
    1. The mouse
      1. Taxonomy
      2. Origin
      3. Use in research
      4. Behavioral patterns
      5. Anatomic characteristics
      6. Life history data
      7. Husbandry practices
      8. Restraint
      9. Identification
      10. Breeding
      11. Techniques
      12. Anesthesia
      13. Euthanasia
      14. Diseases and conditions
    2. The rat
      1. Taxonomy
      2. Origin
      3. Use in research
      4. Behavioral patterns
      5. Anatomic characteristics
      6. Life history data
      7. Husbandry practices
      8. Restraint
      9. Identification
      10. Breeding
      11. Techniques
      12. Anesthesia
      13. Euthanasia
      14. Diseases and conditions
    3. The hamster
      1. Taxonomy
      2. Origin
      3. Use in research
      4. Behavioral patterns
      5. Anatomic characteristics
      6. Life history data
      7. Husbandry practices
      8. Restraint
      9. Identification
      10. Breeding
      11. Techniques
      12. Anesthesia
      13. Euthanasia
      14. Diseases and conditions
    4. The guinea pig
      1. Taxonomy
      2. Origin
      3. Use in research
      4. Behavioral patterns
      5. Anatomic characteristics
      6. Life history data
      7. Husbandry practices
      8. Restraint
      9. Identification
      10. Breeding
      11. Techniques
      12. Anesthesia
      13. Euthanasia
      14. Diseases and conditions
    5. The Rabbit
      1. Taxonomy
      2. Origin
      3. Use in research
      4. Behavioral patterns
      5. Anatomic characteristics
      6. Life history data
      7. Husbandry practices
      8. Restraint
      9. Identification
      10. Breeding
      11. Techniques
      12. Anesthesia
      13. Euthanasia
      14. Diseases and conditions
    6. Survey of miscellaneous species
      1. Ferrets
      2. Swine
      3. Birds
      4. Amphibians
      5. Reptiles
      6. Gerbils
      7. Sheep
      8. Cats
      9. Dogs
    7. Non-human primates
      1. Taxonomy
      2. Origin
      3. Use in research
      4. Behavioral patterns
      5. Anatomic characteristics
      6. Life history data
      7. Husbandry practices
      8. Restraint
      9. Identification
      10. Breeding
      11. Techniques
      12. Anesthesia
      13. Euthanasia
      14. Diseases and conditions
  5. Colony health surveillance techniques
  6. Rodent and rabbit anesthesia and surgery
  7. Necropsy procedures
  8. Review of Euthanasia Procedures
    1. Humane and acceptable methods
    2. Inhumane and unacceptable methods
  9. Careers in biomedical research and laboratory animal science

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Unloaded Hours will be used for individual and small group review sessions, case study preparation, and required discussions in the online classroom associated with the course.
5. Repeatability - Moved to header area.
 
6. Methods of Evaluation -
Written quizzes on each unit plus a comprehensive written final examination. Each student will prepare a written report and present an oral report on a common disease of a laboratory animal species.
7. Representative Text(s) -
Sirois, Margi. Laboratory Animal Medicine: Principles and Procedures, Mosby, 2004.
National Research Council, Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, National Academies Press, 1996.

8. Disciplines -
Veterinary Technology
 
9. Method of Instruction -
Lecture, Discussion, Oral presentations, Demonstration.
 
10. Lab Content -
Not applicable.
 
11. Honors Description - No longer used. Integrated into main description section.
 
12. Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
Reading Assignments: Weekly reading assignments from text, class handouts, and outside sources ranging from 30 to 60 pages per week.
Written short answer essay questions; and one written 10 page term paper.
13. Need/Justification -
This course is required core course for the A.S. degree in Veterinary Technology.


Course status: Active
Last updated: 2014-03-22 16:30:05


Foothill CollegeApproved Course Outlines