Foothill CollegeApproved Course Outlines

Biological and Health Sciences Division
V T 85VETERINARY EMERGENCY & CRITICAL CAREWinter 2012
3 hours lecture, 3 hours laboratory.4 Units

Total Quarter Learning Hours: 72 (Total of All Lecture, Lecture/Lab, and Lab hours X 12)
 
 Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: 3 Lecture/Lab:
 Note: If Lab hours are specified, see item 10. Lab Content below.

Repeatability -
Statement: Not Repeatable.

Status -
 Course Status: ActiveGrading: Letter Grade with P/NP option
 Degree Status: ApplicableCredit Status: Credit
 GE Status: Non-GE

Articulation Office Information -
 Transferability: CSUValidation: 1/3/11

1. Description -
Theoretical and practical aspects of assisting the veterinarian in the management of medical and traumatic emergencies. Recognition and assessment of cardiovascular shock, respiratory crisis, gastrointestinal emergency, and musculoskeletal trauma. Principles and techniques of fluid therapy and administration of emergency drugs. Application of treatment protocols for shock, cardiopulmonary arrest, gastrointestinal crisis, wounds and fractures, toxicoses, and dystocia. Nutrition of critical care patients. Maintenance of emergency medical equipment and supplies. Intended for students in the veterinary technology program.
Prerequisite: Admission to the Veterinary Technology Program.
Co-requisite: None
Advisory: None

2. Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
  1. discuss the role of the veterinary technician in the care of emergency patients, including: initial patient assessment, application of diagnostic and therapeutic techniques, monitoring of patient condition, and care and maintenance of emergency equipment.
  2. describe the physiological mechanisms and effects of cardiovascular shock, and discuss the rationale of current treatment protocols.
  3. list ways to recognize cardiopulmonary arrest and will demonstrate techniques for cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
  4. demonstrate proper techniques of insertion and maintenance of intravenous catheters in dogs, cats, and horses, and will correctly determine and maintain intravenous fluid administration
  5. compare and contrast the pharmacological actions, indications, and methods of administration of various common emergency drugs.
  6. obtain an electrocardiogram, and recognize common critical cardiac arrhythmias and their treatment.
  7. discuss and demonstrate the recognition and treatment of respiratory emergencies, including: administration of oxygen therapy and assisted ventilation, and the maintenance of thoracic tubes, tracheostomy tubes, and nasal catheters.
  8. identify the events and phases of normal wound healing, and discuss the principles of wound therapy.
  9. describe the general principles and techniques of bandaging, casting, and splinting.
  10. list the indications for and demonstrate the proper application of common bandages, splints, and casts on small animals and horses.
  11. discuss the recognition and treatment of gastrointestinal emergencies, including: gastric dilatation/volvulus complex, acute gastroenteritis, toxicoses, and equine colic.
  12. compare and contrast normal parturition patterns, dystocia, Caesarian section, and eclampsia.
  13. discuss principles and techniques of nutritional management of critical care patients.
  14. work two shifts at selected veterinary emergency clinics and prepare a case report on an emergency/critical care case observed.
3. Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
Live dogs, cats, and horses, and housing and handling facilities. Laboratory equipped with anesthetic machine, cardiac and blood pressure monitors, infusion pumps, E.C.G. machine, AMBU bag, mechanical ventilator, intravenous catheters, bandaging material and splints.

4. Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. Course introduction and assignment of emergency clinic shifts and written case report
  2. Role of the veterinary technician in emergency hospitals
    1. Care and maintenance of emergency equipment and supplies
    2. Nature of veterinary emergencies and common examples
    3. Initial patient assessment and recognition of emergencies
    4. Monitoring of patient condition during and after treatment
    5. Maintenance of medical records
  3. Physical examination of the emergency patient
    1. The art of triage: assessment and prioritization
    2. Common problems requiring immediate treatment
    3. A "crash plan"
  4. Administration of medications
    1. SQ, IM, IV, intratracheal, intraosseous
    2. Orogastric and nasogastric intubation
    3. Pharyngostomy and gastrostomy tubes
  5. Cardiovascular shock
    1. Definition, clinical signs, recognition, patient assessment
    2. Causes of and classification of shock
    3. Physiological mechanisms and consequences of shock
    4. Treatment techniques: STABILIZATION
  6. Cardiopulmonary arrest and resuscitation
  7. E.C.G.
    1. Principles and techniques of obtaining an E.C.G.
    2. Recognition and treatment of common critical cardiac arrhythmias
  8. Fluid therapy
    1. Distribution/fluid compartments
    2. Important electrolytes, cells, proteins, acid-base balance
    3. Specific fluid and electrolyte imbalances: causes and consequences
    4. Principles of fluid therapy
      1. types, routes, and rates
      2. intravenous catheters
  9. Emergency drugs
  10. Respiratory emergencies
    1. Clinical signs and recognition
    2. Oxygen therapy and assisted ventilation
    3. Treatment of specific respiratory emergencies
    4. Thoracocentesis and chest drains
    5. Care of tracheostomy tubes and chest tubes
  11. Wound healing - Normal events and phases
  12. Wound therapy
    1. "First aid"; lavage principles and techniques
    2. antiseptics and dressings
  13. Bandages, splints, and casts
    1. General principles and indications for bandaging or splinting
    2. Types of bandages, slings, splints, and the indications for their use
    3. Techniques of application of bandages, slings, and splints
  14. Gastrointestinal emergencies
    1. Clinical signs and recognition
    2. Gastric dilatation/volvulus complex
    3. Acute gastroenteritis
    4. Acute pancreatitis
    5. Equine colic
    6. Toxicoses: general and specific treatments
  15. Dystocia
    1. Normal parturition parameters in the dog, cat, horse
    2. Causes of and recognition of dystocia
    3. Obstetrical manipulations and Caesarian section
    4. Eclampsia and "milk fever"
  16. Nutrition of the critical care patient
5. Repeatability - Moved to header area.
 
6. Methods of Evaluation -
  1. Written examinations.
  2. Written emergency case report.
  3. Observation of proficiency in performance of techniques in laboratory setting.
  4. Reading Assignments: Weekly reading assignments from text, class handouts, and outside sources ranging from 30 to 60 pages per week.
  5. Five-page written term paper on an emergency topic of their choice.
  6. Written short answer essay questions.
Emphasis is on skill development and hands-on experience in all required
areas. Practical training in the American Veterinary Medical Association
Committee on Veterinary Technician Education and Activities List of
Essential Skills Expected of Graduate Veterinary Technicians using a set of
Standard criteria as a guideline for the accomplishment of performance
objectives.
7. Representative Text(s) -
Battaglia, Andrea M. Small Animal Emergency and Critical Care: A Manual for Veterinary Technicians, 2nd ed. Missouri: Saunders, 2007.
Mammato, Bobbie. Pet First Aid: American Red Cross. Boston: StayWell, 1997.

8. Disciplines -
Veterinary Technology
 
9. Method of Instruction -
Lecture, Discussion, Cooperative learning exercises, Independent study, Laboratory.
 
10. Lab Content -
  1. Basic aspects of emergency medicine and critical care:
    1. patient assessment
    2. triage
    3. basic and advanced vascular access
    4. airway access
    5. cardiopulmonary assessment and treatments
    6. monitoring
    7. fluids,
    8. blood products
    9. nutritional support
    10. casts and splints
    11. bandaging
  2. Emphasis is on skill development and hands-on experience in all required areas. Practical training in the American Veterinary Medical Association Committee on Veterinary Technician Education and Activities List of Essential Skills Expected of Graduate Veterinary Technicians using a set of Standard criteria as a guideline for the accomplishment of performance objectives.
 
11. Honors Description - No longer used. Integrated into main description section.
 
12. Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
  1. Reading Assignments: Weekly reading assignments from text, class handouts, and outside sources ranging from 30 to 60 pages per week.
  2. Written short answer essay questions, one written case study, eight hours of off-site observation of an emergency clinic with a follow-up report of cases witnessed.
13. Need/Justification -
This course is required core course for the A.S. degree in Veterinary Technology.


Course status: Active
Last updated: 2014-03-22 16:29:03


Foothill CollegeApproved Course Outlines