Print Version

Effective: Summer 2015

Prerequisites: Prerequisite: V T 54B.
Grade Type: Letter Grade, the student may select Pass/No Pass
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Non-GE Transferable: CSU
4 hours lecture. (48 hours total per quarter)

Student Learning Outcomes -
  • Know and articulate "The Five Rights" for safe and correct administration of veterinary drugs to animal patients.
  • List and discuss the mechanism of action, indications, contraindications, and adverse effects of the common veterinary pharmaceuticals in all drug classes.
Description -
Introduction to the basic principles of veterinary pharmacology. Preparation and dispensing of medications. Overview of the actions and interactions of the major classes of drugs, with emphasis on common veterinary uses of specific drugs. Intended for students in the Veterinary Technology Program; enrollment is limited to students accepted in the program.

Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
  1. identify and describe the basic principles of pharmacokinetics, including: absorption, distribution, bioavailability, partition coefficients and solubility, pH and pKa, biotransformation, and elimination.
  2. identify and describe the basic principles of pharmacodynamics, including: mechanisms of drug action, dose-response relationships, therapeutic index, antibiotic resistance, and drug interactions.
  3. describe various dosage forms and routes of administration of veterinary drugs, and differentiate them based on their advantages and disadvantages.
  4. demonstrate a working vocabulary in pharmacology, and identify drugs by their generic and proprietary names.
  5. identify principles of drug handling and administration.
  6. identify principles of pharmacy organization, inventory, and proper drug storage and disposal.
  7. recognize controlled substances and describe their proper storage and handling.
  8. differentiate the common pharmaceuticals used in veterinary medicine in terms of their classification, indications and clinical uses, biological actions, routes of administration, dosage range, and possible adverse reactions.
Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
Classroom with projection capabilities. Representative veterinary pharmaceuticals for demonstration.

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
Unit 1: Introduction to Principles of Pharmacology
  1. History and definition of terms
  2. Principles of pharmacokinetics
    1. Absorption, distribution, biotransformation, elimination
    2. Bioavailability, partition coefficients and solubility, pH and pKa
    3. Routes of administration
    4. Species differences
  3. Principles of pharmacodynamics
    1. Mechanisms of drug action
    2. Receptor theory and dose-response relationships
    3. Therapeutic index; margin of safety
    4. Antibiotic resistance
    5. Drug interactions and adverse reactions

Unit 2: Principles of Pharmacy
  1. Dosage forms; drug preparation and dispensing; drug administration
  2. Pharmacy organization; inventory; drug storage and disposal
  3. Controlled substances and D.E.A. regulation

Unit 3: Pharmacology of Common Drugs Used in Veterinary Medicine
  1. Antiinfective drugs
    1. Sulfonamides
    2. Antibiotics
    3. Antifungal drugs
    4. Anthelminthics
    5. Insecticides
  2. Antiinflammatory drugs
    1. Glucocorticosteroids
    2. Non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs
    3. Antihistamines
    4. Miscellaneous antiinflammatory drugs
  3. Cardiovascular drugs
    1. Inotropes
    2. Antiarrhythmic drugs
    3. Vasodilator drugs
    4. Adjunctive drugs for treatment of cardiac failure or cardiac emergencies
    5. Anticoagulants
  4. Drugs effecting the gastrointestinal tract
    1. Emetics and antiemetics
    2. Antidiarrheal drugs
    3. Drug therapy for gastrointestinal ulceration
    4. Cathartics, laxatives, enemas
    5. Adsorbents and protectants
  5. Diuretics and other drugs effecting the urinary system
  6. Drugs effecting the endocrine system
  7. Drugs effecting the central nervous system
    1. Autonomic nervous system drugs
    2. Anticonvulsants
    3. Tranquilizers and sedatives
    4. Barbiturates
    5. Narcotics
    6. Dissociative anesthetics
    7. Inhalant anesthetics
TBA hours are used by the students to familiarize themselves with the drugs studied in this class in a veterinary medical hospital. A research paper is then written and submitted on a sub-selection of these drugs.
Methods of Evaluation -
  1. Written quizzes and examinations
  2. Reading Assignments: Weekly reading assignments from text, class handouts, and outside sources ranging from 30 to 60 pages per week.
  3. Five-page written paper on a pharmacology topic of their choice.
  4. Written short answer essay questions.
  5. Emphasis is on skill development and hands-on experience in all required areas. Practical training in the American Veterinary Medical Association Committee on Veterinary Technician Education and activities List of Essential Skills Expected of Graduate Veterinary Technicians using a set of Standard criteria as a guideline for the accomplishment of performance objectives.
Representative Text(s) -
Wanamaker, Boyce P. and Kathy L. Massey. Applied Pharmacology for Veterinary Technicians, Wannamaker, 4th ed. Missouri: Saunders, 2009.

Disciplines -
Veterinary Technology
Method of Instruction -
  1. Lecture
  2. Discussion
  3. Independent study,
Lab Content -
Not applicable.
Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
  1. Reading Assignments: Weekly reading assignments from text, class handouts, and outside sources ranging from 30 to 60 pages per week.
  2. Written short answer essay questions
  3. and two written case studies.