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Effective: Summer 2015

Prerequisites: Prerequisite: V T 55.
Grade Type: Letter Grade, the student may select Pass/No Pass
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Non-GE Transferable: CSU
3 hours lecture, 3 hours laboratory. (72 hours total per quarter)

Student Learning Outcomes -
  • Demonstrate entry-level knowledge and competency in the basic principles of animal care and the essential medical and surgical nursing tasks required of the first year Veterinary Technology student.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of phases of wound healing and proper management of traumatic and surgical wounds.
  • Demonstrate required knowledge of and competently perform all relevant Essential Skills for the Veterinary Technician as required by Program Accreditation.
  • Be able to read and understand food labels on pet food and discuss proper nutrition with pet owners.
Description -
Intended for the pre-clinical training of veterinary technology students and unregistered veterinary assistants. Survey of basic responsibilities and technical duties of veterinary technicians. Clinical nutrition and feeding of the dog and cat. Reproductive anatomy and physiology of the dog and cat including common reproductive disorders. Instruction and practical experience in the basic principles and techniques of wound healing, bandage and suture material. Basic radiography and electrocardiography. Venipuncture for catheter placement, blood collection, and intravenous administration of fluids and medications. Troubleshooting of intravenous catheter set-ups. Patient examination and assessment. Bandaging and splinting. Hands-on experience performing and assisting with routine clinical diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, including dermatologic and ophthalmologic procedures, blood and urine collection and other routine veterinary clinical procedures. Intended for students in the Veterinary Technology Program; enrollment is limited to students accepted in the program.

Course Objectives -
The student will:
  1. relate and apply basic and advanced principles of nutrition, metabolism, and describe clinical feeding practices and common excesses and deficiencies for the dog and cat.
  2. identify and name the clinically relevant reproductive anatomy of the dog and cat.
  3. Describe normal reproductive physiology of the male and female canine and feline.
  4. Discuss the management of reproduction in the dog and cat and describe common clinical disorders.
  5. perform a complete physical examination and assessment of canine and feline patients.
  6. demonstrate proper application of bandages and splints.
  7. identify the various components of the ECG machine and record an artifact free diagnostic ECG tracing.
  8. Explain the genesis of the electrocardiogram and recognize the components of a normal ECG recording and the common artifacts.
  9. identify and demonstrate knowledge of parts and functioning of x-ray machine.
  10. discuss, recognize and demonstrate proper techniques of radiation safety.
  11. perform venipuncture using aseptic technique.
  12. discuss intravenous catheter maintenance and troubleshooting.
  13. perform various common diagnostic and therapeutic procedures on live animals.
  14. perform basic techniques of specimen collection and analysis of urine, blood, and fecal specimens.
  15. identify common bandage material and explain fundamental principles of bandaging.
  16. apply simple bandages including a foot wrap, Schanz Padded Wrap and a Robert-Jones Bandage.
Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
Classroom and laboratory equipped with multimedia presentation an projection capabilities. Laboratory equipped with radiographic equipment, I.V. catheters, needles, syringes, injectable solutions, bandaging materials and splints, microscopes, clinical pathology supplies, live dogs, and cats and housing and handling facilities. Vascular access models.

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. Clinical Nutrition
    1. Non-energy producing nutrients
      1. Water
      2. Vitamins
      3. Minerals
    2. Energy Producing Nutrients
      1. Carbohydrates
      2. Fats
      3. Proteins
    3. Analysis of commercial pet foods
    4. Reading pet food labels
    5. Feeding practices the dog and cat
    6. Common errors in feeding the dog and cat
    7. Clinically significant excesses and deficiencies
  2. Small Animal Reproduction
    1. Canine
      1. Anatomy
      2. Physiology
      3. Common disordersāÉÓrecognition and clinical management
    2. Feline
      1. Anatomy
      2. Physiology
      3. Common disordersāÉÓrecognition and clinical management
  3. Physical examination and assessment
    1. Technique of the general examination
    2. Auscultation
      1. Heart Sounds
      2. Lung Sounds
    3. Palpation
      1. Apex Beat
      2. Pulses
      3. Abdominal
  4. Principles and techniques of bandaging and splinting
    1. Bandage materials
    2. Primary, secondary and tertiary layers
    3. Bandage technique and construction
      1. Foot wrap
      2. Schanz Padded Wrap
      3. Robert-Jones bandage
  5. Basic Electrocardiography
    1. Genesis of the E.C.G.
    2. The normal electrocardiogram
    3. The E.C.G. machine
    4. Recording the E.C.G.
    5. Troubleshoothing and artifacts
  6. Basic radiography
    1. X-Ray machine components
    2. Radiation safety
    3. Assisting in radiography
  7. Venipuncture
    1. Blood collection
    2. I.V. Injections
    3. Intravenous catheter placement
      1. Securing the catheter
      2. Catheter maintenance and troubleshooting
  8. Common diagnostic and therapeutic procedures
    1. Ophthalmic
    2. Otic
    3. Dermatologic
    4. Urine collection
      1. Urethral catheterization
      2. Cystocentesis
    5. Miscellaneous procedures
      1. Anal sac expression
      2. Enema
      3. Nail trimming


Unloaded Hours will be used for individual and small group clinical skills review sessions and required discussions in the online classroom associated with the course.
Methods of Evaluation -
Written quizzes and examinations. Online discussion participation. Written homework assignments. Term project. Practical laboratory examinations based on standardized criteria. Completion of an Essential Skills Competency Checklist using Standard Criteria.
Representative Text(s) -
Bassert, Joanna M. and Dennis M. McCurnin. Clinical Textbook For Veterinary Technicians., 7th ed., W. B. Saunders Co., 2009.
Crow, Steven E. and Sally O. Walshaw, Jennifer E. Boyle. Manual of Clinical Procedures in the Dog, Cat, Rabbit and Rodents. 3rd ed., Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins. 2009.

Disciplines -
Veterinary Technology
Method of Instruction -
Lecture, Discussion, Cooperative learning exercises, Oral presentations, Electronic discussions/chat, Laboratory, Demonstration.
Lab Content -
Practical training in the American Veterinary Medical Association Committee on Veterinary Technician Education and Activities List of Essential Skills Expected of Graduate Veterinary Technicians using a set of Standard criteria as a guideline for the accomplishment of performance objectives. Emphasis is on skill development and hands-on experience in all required areas.
Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
Reading Assignments: Weekly reading assignments from text, class handouts, and outside sources ranging from 50 to 100 pages per week.
Written assignments, participation in online forum discussions, short answer essay questions,