Print Version

Effective: Summer 2015

Prerequisites: Prerequisite: BIOL 41.
Grade Type: Letter Grade, the student may select Pass/No Pass
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Non-GE Transferable: CSU
3 hours lecture, 3 hours laboratory. (72 hours total per quarter)

Student Learning Outcomes -
  • Demonstrate knowledge and competency in entry level medical and surgical nursing tasks required of the first year Veterinary Technology student.
  • Understand and apply the importance of universal precautions and aseptic technique in a variety of common clinical situations.
  • Recognize and articulate the common hazards encountered in the veterinary workplace to include both personal risk and patient safety concerns.
Description -
Intended for the pre-clinical training of veterinary technology students and unregistered veterinary assistants. Orientation to the Veterinary Technology Program. Occupational health and safety. Animal handling and restraint. Administration of medication. Assessing dehydration and basic fluid administration. Introduction to anesthetic equipment, procedures and recovery. Principles of aseptic technique, sanitation, disinfection and sterilization. Principles of surgical nursing and instrumentation. Euthanasia, grief and pet loss support. Principles of animal behavior, socialization, basic obedience and common behavior problems. Wound healing, basic wound care and suture material.

Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
  1. review and interpret the State and Federal laws that govern safety in the veterinary workplace and describe the requirements for Cal-OSHA compliance.
  2. identify health and safety hazards in a veterinary clinic or biomedical institution and describe safe practices and universal precautions.
  3. Recognize and demonstrate safe, humane and proper methods of animal handling and restraint.
  4. demonstrate competence in preparing and administering medication by all enteral and parenteral routes.
  5. describe the assessment of dehydration in the veterinary patient and create an initial 24-hr fluid plan.
  6. discuss the basic principles of fluid administration to veterinary patients and identify the components of fluid administration sets.
  7. Describe the phases of a typical anesthetic event, identify components and explain the use of common anesthetic equipment and circuits.
  8. list and employ the principles of aseptic technique and the universal precautions.
  9. describe the classes of sterilants, disinfectants and antiseptics and explain their clinical application.
  10. memorize names, identify, properly handle, and maintain common surgical instruments.
  11. recognize and demonstrate proper techniques for the preparation of surgical packs, operation of an autoclave and gas sterilizer.
  12. recognize and demonstrate the surgical scrub for both patients and personnel, gowning and gloving, and operating room conduct.
  13. Discuss and identify normal animal behavior
  14. explain the principles of socialization, basic obedience, crate training and house training.
  15. recognize common behavior problems and explain common solutions.
Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
Classroom and laboratory with multimedia presentation and projection capabilities. Laboratory with suitable small animal holding kennels, work tables, supply cabinets and scrub sink. Live animals including at least dogs, cats AND RABBITS. Demonstration equipment and supplies including fluid administration equipment, medications and administration supplies, anesthetic equipment, autoclave, gas sterilizer, surgical soft goods and instruments, gowns and gloves.

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. Orientation to the VT Program
  2. Orientation to the VT Lab
  3. Occupational Health and Safety
    1. Hazardous chemicals
    2. Radiation safety
    3. Waste anesthetic gas and hazards of compressed gases
    4. Electrical equipment hazards
    5. Animal bites
    6. Zoonotic diseases
    7. Proper disposal of biohazardous sharps and medical waste
    8. Laws and regulations,
    9. Cal OSHA compliance
    10. Universal precautions
  4. Animal handling and restraint
    1. Proper lifing technique
    2. Canine restraint
    3. Feline restraint
    4. Rabbit restraint
  5. Preparation and administration of medications
    1. Capsules, tablets and liquids
    2. Syringes and needles
    3. Enteral Routes of Administration
      1. Per Os
      2. Per rectum
    4. Parenteral routes of administration
      1. Subcutaneous
      2. Intramuscular
      3. Intravenous
      4. Intradermal
      5. Topical
      6. Intraosseous
  6. clinical and laboratory assessment of dehydration in the veterinary patient
  7. Principles of aseptic technique and the universal precautions
    1. Surgical Preparation of personnel
      1. Perform surgical hand scrub
      2. Drying hands
      3. donning sterile gown
      4. gloving techniques
    2. Surgical preparation of the patient
      1. Aseptic preparation of surgical sites
      2. Draping techniques
      3. Transport
      4. Final prep in surgical suite
    3. Preparation of sterile surgical packs
      1. instrument
      2. gown
      3. towel
      4. special purpose
  8. Principles of sanitation, disinfection, antiseptics and sterilization.
    1. Classes of sterilants, antiseptics, disinfectants and their uses
    2. Operation and maintenance of the autoclave
    3. Principles and method of gas sterilization
  9. Surgical instruments
    1. Identification of common surgical instruments
    2. Handling and use of instruments
    3. Care and maintenance of instruments
  10. The sterile field
    1. Boundaries: personnel, surgical site instrument stands
    2. Working in and around the sterile field
  11. Operating room conduct
    1. Control of flow
    2. Role of scrubbed in personnel
    3. Role of circulating personnel
    4. Aseptic transfer techniques
  12. Normal canine and feline behavior
  13. Methods of socialization, basic obedience training, crate training and house training
  14. Recognition of common canine and feline behavior problems
  15. Common strategies for correcting behavior problems
Methods of Evaluation -
Written quizzes and examinations. Online discussion participation. Written homework assignments. Term project. Practical laboratory examinations based on standardized criteria. Completion of an Essential Skills Competency Checklist using Standard Criteria.
Representative Text(s) -
Bassert, Joanna M. and Dennis M. McCurnin. Clinical Textbook For Veterinary Technicians., 7th ed., W. B. Saunders Co., 2009.
Crow, Steven E. and Sally O. Walshaw, Jennifer E. Boyle. Manual of Clinical Procedures in the Dog, Cat, Rabbit and Rodents. 3rd ed., Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins. 2009.

Disciplines -
Veterinary Technology
Method of Instruction -
Lecture, Discussion, Cooperative learning exercises, Oral presentations, Electronic discussions/chat, Laboratory, Demonstration.
Lab Content -
Practical training in the American Veterinary Medical Association Committee on Veterinary Technician Education and Activities List of Essential Skills Expected of Graduate Veterinary Technicians using a set of Standard criteria as a guideline for the accomplishment of performance objectives. Emphasis is on skill development and hands-on experience in all required areas.

Unloaded Hours will be used for individual and small group clinical skills review sessions and required discussions in the online classroom associated with the course.
Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
Reading Assignments: Weekly reading assignments from text, class handouts, and outside sources ranging from 50 to 100 pages per week.
Written assignments, participation in online forum discussions, short answer essay questions,