Print Version

Effective: Summer 2017

Prerequisites: Prerequisite: V T 54A.
Grade Type: Letter Grade Only
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Non-GE Transferable: CSU
2 hours lecture. (24 hours total per quarter)

Student Learning Outcomes -
  • Create a framework for understanding a disease in a large animal species.
  • Describe proper restraint and handling of the horse, the cow, the sheep/goat, and the pig.
  • List and explain the clinical significance and nursing care for a selected medical conditions of a horse, cow, or small ruminant.
  • Discuss and explain the principles and practices of food animal production methods and the commercial uses of food animals.
Description -
Introduction to principles of husbandry and veterinary nursing care of common domestic large animal species. Breed identification; housing and restraint; physical examination; administration of medication and therapeutics; nutrition and feeding; common diseases; common large animal clinical procedures. Intended for students in the Veterinary Technology Program; enrollment is limited to students accepted in the program.

Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
  1. identify breeds of horses, cattle, sheep, goats, and swine and discuss breed-associated uses.
  2. describe housing and husbandry practices for horses, dairy cattle, beef cattle, swine, sheep, and goats.
  3. explain feeding and nutritional requirements of horses and ruminants.
  4. describe and demonstrate competent restraint and medication techniques on live animals.
  5. list and discuss the common diseases of horses, cattle, sheep, and goats, and identify vaccinations given to various species.
  6. describe and demonstrate techniques of physical examination and first aid on horses.
  7. list and describe common equine lameness and their management.
  8. discuss the causes and clinical management of equine colic.
  9. list the gastrointestinal parasites of horses and anthelmintic products used.
  10. describe and competently perform common large animal clinical procedures, and identify the veterinary technician's role in large animal clinical practice.
  11. identify common instruments used in large animal practice.
Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
Live large animals, including horses, cattle, sheep, and goats. Appropriate housing and handling facilities and equipment. Large animal veterinary and husbandry equipment. A/V Classroom.

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. Breed identification, characteristics, and associated diseases of horses, cattle, sheep, goats, and swine
  2. Husbandry practices and housing facilities
    1. Horses
    2. Dairy cattle
    3. Cow/calf range operations
    4. Feedlots
    5. Sheep and goats
  3. Restraint and Handling Techniques
    1. Equine handling, manual restraint, and use of stocks
    2. Safe operation of cattle chutes and head catches
    3. Bovine tail restraint and nose tongs
    4. Sheep and goat handling and restraint
  4. Nutrition
    1. Identification of feeds
    2. Life Stage Feeding
    3. Common errors in feeding practices
    4. Common excesses and deficiencies
  5. Administration of medication techniques in the horse, cow, and small ruminants.
    1. Oral, naso-gastric intubation, oro-gastric intubation
    2. Subcutaneous injection
    3. Intramuscular injection
    4. Ear implants
  6. Common Diseases of common species
    1. Infectious diseases and vaccinations
    2. Metabolic Diseases
  7. Physical Examination of the horse, cow, and small ruminants
  8. First-aid Procedures
  9. Equine Lameness and Management
  10. Equine Colic
    1. Types and causes
    2. Diagnostic procedures
    3. Clinical management
  11. Common Equine and Ruminant Gastrointestinal Parasites and Anthelmintic Therapy
  12. Common Large Animal Clinical Procedures
    1. Administration of oral and parenteral medications by common routes and methods
    2. Venipuncture
    3. Castration
    4. Dehorning
    5. Tail docking
    6. Equine dental floating
    7. Equine sheath cleaning
    8. Equine foot care
    9. Bandaging techniques
  13. Large animal instrument Identification and usage

Unloaded Hours: Library and Internet research and preparation of large animal husbandry or medical/surgical nursing care case study.
Methods of Evaluation -
Written examinations. Practical examinations. Completion of an Essential Skills competency Checklist using Standard Criteria.
Representative Text(s) -
Hanie, Elizabeth A. Large Animal Clinical Procedures for Veterinary Technicians. Elsevier/Mosby, 2009.
Battaglia, Richard A. Handbook of Livestock Management, 4th ed., Prentice Hall, 2006.
Haynes, N. Bruce and Robert F. Kahrs Keeping Livestock Healthy: A Veterinary Guide to Horses, Cattle, Sheep, Goats, and Pigs., 4th ed., Storey Publishing, 2001.

Disciplines -
Veterinary Technology
Method of Instruction -
Lecture, Field work, Demonstration.
Lab Content -
Not applicable.
Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
  1. Reading Assignments: Weekly reading assignments from text, class handouts, and outside sources ranging from 30 to 60 pages per week.
  2. Five-page written term paper on a large animal topic of their choice.
  3. Written short answer essay questions.