Print Version

Effective: Fall 2011

Prerequisites: Prerequisite: R T 62B.
Grade Type: Letter Grade Only
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Non-GE Transferable: CSU
3 hours lecture. (36 hours total per quarter)

Student Learning Outcomes -
  • The student will pass a 25-point test on patient care with a score of 75% or higher.
  • The student will pass a 15-point quiz on imaging procedures with a score of 75% or higher.
Description -
Special emphasis on reviewing the Content Specifications for the ARRT Examination in Radiography; radiation protection, equipment operation and quality control, image acquisition and evaluation, imaging procedures, patient care and education. Intended for students in the Radiologic Technology Program; enrollment is limited to students accepted in the program.

Course Objectives -
The student will be able to recall the five major content categories in preparation for the ARRT National Board Examination in Radiography.
  1. Review Radiation Protection
  2. Review Equipment Operation and Quality Control
  3. Review Image Aquisition and Evaluation
  4. Review Imaging Procedures
  5. Review Patient Care and Education
Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
  1. Multimedia classroom
  2. Internet access
  3. Classroom with viewboxes
  4. Subscription to the online RadReviewEasy ARRT Exam Preparation

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. Review Radiation Protection (Lec)
    1. Biologic aspects of radiation
      1. Radiosensitivity
      2. Somatic effects
      3. Acute radiation syndrome
      4. Embryonic and fetal risks
      5. Genetic impact
      6. Photon interactions with matter
    2. Minimizing patient exposure
      1. Exposure factors
      2. Shielding
      3. Beam restriction
      4. Filtration
      5. Exposure reduction
      6. Image receptors
      7. Grids
      8. Fluoroscopy
    3. Personnel protection
      1. Sources of radiation exposure
      2. Basic methods of protection
      3. Protective devices
      4. Special considerations
    4. Radiation exposure and monitoring
      1. Units of measurement
      2. Dosimeters
      3. NCRP recommendations for personnel monitoring
      4. Medical exposure of patients
  2. Review Equipment Operation and Quality Control (Lec)
    1. Principles of radiation physics
      1. X-ray production
      2. Target interactions
      3. X-ray beam
    2. Imaging equipment
      1. Components of radiographic unit
      2. X-ray generator, transformers, and rectification system
      3. Components of fluoroscopic unit
      4. Components of digital imaging (CR and DR)
      5. Types of units
      6. Accessories
    3. Quality control of imaging equipment and accessories
      1. Beam restriction
      2. Recognition and reporting of malfunctions
      3. Digital imaging receptors systems
      4. Shielding accessories
  3. Review Image Acquisition and Evaluation (Lec)
    1. Selection of Technical Factors
      1. Factors affecting radiographic quality
      2. Technique charts
      3. Automatic exposure control
      4. Digital imaging characteristics
    2. Imaging processing and quality control
      1. Image identification
      2. Film screen processing
      3. Digital imaging processing
      4. Image display
      5. Image display
      6. Digital image display informatics
    3. Criteria for image evaluation
      1. Brightness/density
      2. Contrast/gray scale
      3. Recorded detail
      4. Distortion
      5. Demonstration of anatomical structures
      6. Identification markers
      7. Patient considerations
      8. Image artifacts
      9. Fog
      10. Noise
      11. Acceptable range of exposure
      12. Exposure indicator determination
      13. Gross exposure error
  4. Review Imaging Procedures (Lec)
    1. Thorax
    2. Abdomen and GI studies
    3. Urological studies
    4. Spine and pelvis
    5. Head
    6. Extremities
  5. Review Patient Care and Education (Lec)
    1. Ethical and Legal Aspects
      1. Patient's rights
      2. Legal issues
      3. ARRT Standards and ethics
    2. Interpersonal Communication
      1. Modes of communication
      2. Challenges in communication
      3. Patient education
    3. Infection Control
      1. Terminology and basic concepts
      2. Cycle of infection
      3. Standard precautions
      4. Additional or transmission-based precautions
      5. Disposal of contaminated materials
    4. Physical Assistance and Transfer
      1. Patient transfer and movement
      2. Assisting patients with medical equipment
      3. Routine monitoring
    5. Medical Emergencies
      1. Allergic reactions
      2. Cardiac or respiratory arrest
      3. Physical injury or trauma
      4. Other medical disorders
    6. Pharmacology
      1. Patient history
      2. Complications/reactions
    7. Contrast Media
      1. Types and properties
      2. Appropriateness of contrast media to exam
      3. Patient education
      4. Venipuncture
      5. Administration
Methods of Evaluation -
Quizzes, midterm, simulated registry examinations and final examination.
Representative Text(s) -
Bushong, Stewart. Radiologic Science for Technologists. 9th edition. St. Louis, MO: C.V. Mosby, 2008. ISBN-978-1-4377-6801-5
Fauber, Terri. Radiographic Imaging and Exposure. 3rd edition. St. Louis, MO: C.V. Mosby, 2009. ISBN-978-0-323-04727-2
SAIA, D.A. Radiography PREP Program Review & Exam Preparation. 5th Edition, 2009. IBSN-978-0071502788
SAIA, D.A. Lange Q & A: Radiography Examination. 7th Edition, 2008. ISBN-978-0071463256
Bontranger, Kenneth L., Textbook of Radiographic Positioning and Related Anatomy. 7th Edition. St. Louis Missouri: C.V. Mosby Company, 2009. ISBN-978-1-4377-6801-5

Disciplines -
Radiologic Technology
Method of Instruction -
Lecture, discussions, online testing.
Lab Content -
Not applicable.
Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
Students perform weekly online tests for a grade.