  
Description  
 Special relativity, statistical mechanics, quantum mechanics, atomic physics, nuclear physics, particle physics.


Course Objectives  
 The student will be able to:
 Compute special relativity problems and interpret related paradoxes and special cases.
 Explain waveparticle duality and its implications through both historical and thought experiments.
 Discuss the concepts of quantum mechanics and solve simple problems.
 Discuss models and solve problems pertaining to the Hydrogen atom,the Periodic Table and condensed matter physics.
 Explain models of nuclear physics, how they relate to observed results, and solve problems concerning radioactive decay.
 Explain current theories in particle physics.

Special Facilities and/or Equipment  
 Physics laboratory with equipment for teaching introductory relativity and modern physics.

Course Content (Body of knowledge)  
  Compute special relativity problems and interpret related paradoxes and special cases.
 Frames of reference
 Inertial vs. noninertial frames
 Galiean tranforms
 The speed of light
 Maxwell's equations
 Ether
 MichelsonMorley results
 Einstein's postulates
 Laws of physics same in inertial frames
 Speed of light constant in inertial frames
 Loertz Transformations
 Length Contraction
 Time dilation
 Simultaneity
 Experimental evidence
 Muon decay
 Airborne atomic clocks
 Paradoxes
 Twin paradox
 Ladder in barn paradox
 Addition of velocities
 Momentum
 Momentum is conserved
 Discussion of "relativistic mass"
 Energy
 Derivation of e=mc^2
 Conservation of energy
 Relativistic Collisions
 General Relativity
 Explain waveparticle duality and its implications through both historical and thought experiments.
 Light acting like a particle
 Blackbody radiation
 Defintion of a black body
 Wien's Law
 T^4 Law
 Classical attempts at solution
 Planck's solution
 The photoelectric effect
 Experimental evidence
 Einstein's solution
 The Compton effect
 Wave properties of particles
 The deBroglie hypothesis
 Electron diffraction
 WaveParticle Duality
 Two slit experiments
 Predictions for waves
 Predictions for particles
 Experimental results
 The concept of probabalistic results.
 Discuss the concepts of quantum mechanics and solve simple problems.
 The SternGerlach experiment
 The concept of spin
 Experimental results
 Alignment and antialignment
 Results of consecutive measurements
 Mathematical representation
 State vectors
 Eigenvectors
 The collapse of the state vector
 Assignment of probability based upon amplitude
 Normalization of recombined waves
 Time evolution
 Wave functions and the Schrodinger Equation
 Justification of the Schrodinger Equation
 Probability results
 Energy eigenfunctions
 Heisenberg uncertainty principle
 Particle in a box
 Infinite walls
 Solutions
 Quantized energy levels
 Finite box
 Twodimensional box
 Scattering and tunneling
 Quantum Harmonic Oscillator
 Correspondence Principle
 Discuss models and solve problems pertaining to the Hydrogen atom, the Periodic Table and condensed matter physics.
 Bohr's model of the hydrogen atom and the hydrogen spectrum
 Restriction of angular momentum to integer multiples of Planck's Constant
 Bohr radius
 Energy levels and the hydrogen spectrum
 Shortcomings of the Bohr model
 Quantum mechanical approach
 Schrodinger's equation
 Three dimensions
 Electrostatic potential
 Spherical coordinates
 Separation of variables
 The need for four quantum numbers
 Wave functions for the hydrogen atom
 Shapes
 Probabilities
 Pauli exclusion principle
 The Periodic Table
 Wave functions in solid state
 Energy bands
 Statistical distribution functions
 Explain models of nuclear physics, how they relate to observed results, and solve problems concerning radioactive decay.
 Models of the nucleus
 Stability
 Ratio of protons to neutrons
 Radioactivity
 Decay and halflives
 Biological effects of radiation
 Fission
 Fusion
 Explain current theories in particle physics.
 Inventory of particles
 Leptons
 Hadrons
 Baryons
 Mesons
 Conservation Laws
 Quarks
 Eightfold way
 Color
 Particles as force mediators
 Virtual particles
 Different views of the strong force.

Methods of Evaluation  
  Weekly problem sets
 Periodic midterm tests
 Laboratory performance
 Final examination

Representative Text(s)  
 Young and Freedman, Sears and Zemansky's University Physics. 12th ed., Pearson Publishing, 2008.

Disciplines  
 Physics


Method of Instruction  
 Lecture, Discussion, Cooperative learning exercises, Laboratory, Demonstration.


Lab Content  
  Suggested Laboratory Experiments (Some experiments may use computergenerated data and/or data from audiovisual media)
 Time Dilation
 The Photoelectric Effect
 Black Body Radiation
 Atomic Spectra
 Particle Scattering (mechanical simulation)
 The FranckHertz Experiment
 The Zeeman Effect
 Radioactive Decay
 Electron Diffraction
 ChargetoMass of the Electron


Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments  
  Homework Problems: Homework problems covering subject matter from text and related material ranging from 10  40 problems per week. Students will need to employ critical thinking in order to complete assignments.
 Lecture: Five hours per week of lecture covering subject matter from text and related material. Reading and study of the textbook, related materials and notes.
 Labs: Students will perform experiments and discuss their results in either the form of a written lab report or via oral examination. Reading and understanding the lab manual prior to class is essential to success.
