  
Student Learning Outcomes 
 Students should understand the following concepts about optics: 1. Index of refraction and Snell's law 2. Image formed by reflection and refraction 3. Thin lens and lens maker equation 4. Optical instruments 5. Interference in Young's double slit experiment and thin film 6. Single slit diffraction and limits of resolution
 Students should understand the following concepts Thermal physics: 1. Temperature, internal energy and heat transfer 2. Specific heat and Calorimetry 3. Zeroth, first, and second law of thermodynamics 4. Thermal processes and heat engines Students will articulate how thermodynamic principles affect realworld phenomena or students will be able to identify natural phenomena that are affected by heat and appraise how thermodynamic changes will affect natural systems
 Students should understand the following concepts about waves: 1. wave motion and energy transport by waves, 2. reflection and transmission, interference and standing waves, 3. intensity of sound and interference of sound 4. Doppler effect

Description  
 Thermodynamics; mechanical, acoustical, and electromagnetic waves; optics.


Course Objectives  
 The student will be able to:
 Explain the Zeroth, First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics and solve related problems and calculate results from statistical mechanics, such as the kinetic theory of gases.
 Analyze the properties of waves and apply mathematical formulas to physical problems.
 Analyze and solve problems in optics.
 Assess the limitations of physical laws and make mathematical approximations in appropriate situations.
 Understand how physical laws are established and the role of scientific evidence as support.

Special Facilities and/or Equipment  
 Physics laboratory with equipment for teaching introductory thermodynamics, wave behavior, and optics.

Course Content (Body of knowledge)  
  Explain the Zeroth, First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics and solve related problems and calculate results from statistical mechanics, such as the kinetic theory of gases.
 Temperature
 Thermometers
 Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics
 Thermal expansion
 Heat
 Definition of heat
 Calorimetry and phase changes
 Specific heat
 Heat of vaporization
 Heat of fusion
 The First Law of Thermodynamics
 Definition of work
 Relationship between work and heat
 Definition of internal energy
 Adiabats
 Isotherms
 Heat transfer processes
 Conduction
 Convection
 Radiation
 The kinetic theory of gases and the MaxwellBoltzmann distribution functions
 Molecular model of a gas
 Temperature
 Molar specific heat of an ideal gas
 Ideal gas treatment of adiabatic process
 Equipartition of enery
 MaxwellBoltzmann distribution
 Derivation of MaxwellBoltzmann distribution
 Velocities
 Vmp
 Vave
 Vrms
 Entropy, heat engines, and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
 Definition of a heat engine
 Work done
 Efficiency
 KelvinPlanck formulation of the Second Law
 Definition of a refrigerator
 Coefficient of Performance
 Clausius formulation of the Second Law
 Reversible and Irreversible Processes
 The Carnot Cycle
 Efficiency
 Applications to the Second Law
 Other engines
 Gasoline
 Diesel
 Entropy
 Macroscopic definition
 Entropy and irreversibility
 Microscopic/probabilistic definition
 Analyze the properties of waves and apply mathematical formulas to physical problems.
 The wave function and the propagation speed of a wave
 Traveling waves
 Speed of a wave on a string
 Transverse vs. longitudinal waves
 Energy transfer
 Reflection, transmission, and superposition of waves
 Sound waves, intensity, and the Doppler effect
 Sounds as a pressure wave
 Speed of sound
 Periodic sound waves
 Definition
 Intensity
 Decibels
 Loudness and frequency
 Doppler effect
 Source moving
 Detector moving
 Both moving
 Sonic booms
 Standing waves, interference, and resonance
 Superposition and interference
 Destructive interference
 Constructive interference
 Superposition of sinusoidal waves
 Standing waves
 Nodes and antinodes
 Standing waves as a function of time
 Standing waves on a string
 Standing waves in air columns
 Open both ends
 Closed one end
 Resonance
 Beats
 Analyze and solve problems in optics.
 Reflection and refraction of light
 Ray approximation
 Reflection
 Refraction
 Index of refraction
 Snell's Law
 Huygen's Principle
 Total Internal Reflection
 Geometrical optics, mirrors, lenses, and optical instruments
 Images formed by mirrors
 Image distance
 Object distance
 Magnification
 Real vs. virtual
 Upright vs. inverted
 Concave vs. convex
 Ray diagrams for mirrors
 Images formed by lenses
 Image distance
 Object distance
 Magnification
 Real vs. virtual
 Upright vs. inverted
 Concave vs. convex
 Ray diagrams for lenses
 Optical instruments
 The eye
 Microscopes
 Telescopes
 Optical interference, diffraction, and polarization
 Young's Double Slit
 Constructive and destructive interference
 Intensity distribution
 Thin film interference
 Change of phase on reflection
 Coatings
 Newton's rings
 Michelson Interferometer
 Assess the limitations of physical laws and make mathematical approximations in appropriate situations.
 Physical laws as ideal models
 Methods of approximation
 Discuss how physical laws are established and the role of scientific evidence as support.
 Historical development of a sampling of physical laws
 Use of studentcollected data in labs to confirm physical laws

Methods of Evaluation  
  Weekly problem sets
 Periodic midterm tests
 Laboratory performance
 Final examination

Representative Text(s)  
 Young & Freedman. Sears and Zemansky's with Modern Physics . 13th ed., Pearson. 2013.

Disciplines  
 Physics


Method of Instruction  
 Lecture, Discussion, Cooperative learning exercises, Electronic discussions/chat, Laboratory, Demonstration.


Lab Content  
  Suggested Laboratory Experiments (Some experiments may use computergenerated data and/or data from audiovisual media)
 Absolute Zero and Boyle's Law
 The Thermal Coefficient of Linear Expansion
 The Specific Heat Capacity of Metal and Latent Heats of Water
 The Ratio of the Molar Heat Capacities of Air and Heat Engines
 Standing Waves on a Stretched String
 The Propagation Speed of Sound Waves through Air
 Resonance and Tubes
 Light Intensity and Snell's Law
 Focal Length and Law of Malus
 Image Formation by Mirrors and Lenses
 Michelson's Interferometer
 Interference and Diffraction by Small Apertures
 The Relative Intensity of Polarized Light


Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments  
  Homework Problems: Homework problems covering subject matter from text and related material ranging from 10  40 problems per week. Students will need to employ critical thinking in order to complete assignments.
 Lecture: Five hours per week of lecture covering subject matter from text and related material. Reading and study of the textbook, related materials and notes.
 Labs: Students will perform experiments and discuss their results in either the form of a written lab report or via oral examination. Reading and understanding the lab manual prior to class is essential to success.
