Foothill CollegeApproved Course Outlines

Physical Sciences, Mathematics & Engineering Division | |||||

PHYS 4C | GENERAL PHYSICS (CALCULUS) | Summer 2014 | |||

5 hours lecture, 1 hour lecture-laboratory, 2 hours laboratory. | 6 Units | ||||

Total Quarter Learning Hours: 96
(Total of All Lecture, Lecture/Lab, and Lab hours X 12) | |||||

Lecture Hours: 5 |
Lab Hours: 2 | Lecture/Lab: 1 | |||

Note: If Lab hours are specified, see item 10. Lab Content below. | |||||

Repeatability - | |||||

Statement: | Not Repeatable. | ||||

Status - | |||||

Course Status: Active | Grading: Letter Grade with P/NP option | ||||

Degree Status: Applicable | Credit Status: Credit | ||||

Degree or Certificate Requirement: AS Degree | |||||

GE Status: Non-GE | |||||

Articulation Office Information - | |||||

Transferability: Both | Validation: 10/22/13 | ||||

1. Description - | ||

Thermodynamics; mechanical, acoustical, and electromagnetic waves; optics. | ||

Prerequisites: PHYS 4B or 5A, 5B and 5C; MATH 1C. | ||

Co-requisite: None | ||

Advisory: None | ||

2. Course Objectives - | ||

The student will be able to: - Explain the Zeroth, First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics and solve related problems and calculate results from statistical mechanics, such as the kinetic theory of gases.
- Analyze the properties of waves and apply mathematical formulas to physical problems.
- Analyze and solve problems in optics.
- Assess the limitations of physical laws and make mathematical approximations in appropriate situations.
- Understand how physical laws are established and the role of scientific evidence as support.
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3. Special Facilities and/or Equipment - | ||

Physics laboratory with equipment for teaching introductory thermo-dynamics, wave behavior, and optics. | ||

4. Course Content (Body of knowledge) - | ||

- Explain the Zeroth, First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics and solve related problems and calculate results from statistical mechanics, such as the kinetic theory of gases.
- Temperature
- Thermometers
- Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics
- Thermal expansion
- Heat
- Definition of heat
- Calorimetry and phase changes
- Specific heat
- Heat of vaporization
- Heat of fusion
- The First Law of Thermodynamics
- Definition of work
- Relationship between work and heat
- Definition of internal energy
- Adiabats
- Isotherms
- Heat transfer processes
- Conduction
- Convection
- Radiation
- The kinetic theory of gases and the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution functions
- Molecular model of a gas
- Temperature
- Molar specific heat of an ideal gas
- Ideal gas treatment of adiabatic process
- Equipartition of enery
- Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution
- Derivation of Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution
- Velocities
- Vmp
- Vave
- Vrms
- Entropy, heat engines, and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
- Definition of a heat engine
- Work done
- Efficiency
- Kelvin-Planck formulation of the Second Law
- Definition of a refrigerator
- Coefficient of Performance
- Clausius formulation of the Second Law
- Reversible and Irreversible Processes
- The Carnot Cycle
- Efficiency
- Applications to the Second Law
- Other engines
- Gasoline
- Diesel
- Entropy
- Macroscopic definition
- Entropy and irreversibility
- Microscopic/probabilistic definition
- Analyze the properties of waves and apply mathematical formulas to physical problems.
- The wave function and the propagation speed of a wave
- Traveling waves
- Speed of a wave on a string
- Transverse vs. longitudinal waves
- Energy transfer
- Reflection, transmission, and superposition of waves
- Sound waves, intensity, and the Doppler effect
- Sounds as a pressure wave
- Speed of sound
- Periodic sound waves
- Definition
- Intensity
- Decibels
- Loudness and frequency
- Doppler effect
- Source moving
- Detector moving
- Both moving
- Sonic booms
- Standing waves, interference, and resonance
- Superposition and interference
- Destructive interference
- Constructive interference
- Superposition of sinusoidal waves
- Standing waves
- Nodes and antinodes
- Standing waves as a function of time
- Standing waves on a string
- Standing waves in air columns
- Open both ends
- Closed one end
- Resonance
- Beats
- Analyze and solve problems in optics.
- Reflection and refraction of light
- Ray approximation
- Reflection
- Refraction
- Index of refraction
- Snell's Law
- Huygen's Principle
- Total Internal Reflection
- Geometrical optics, mirrors, lenses, and optical instruments
- Images formed by mirrors
- Image distance
- Object distance
- Magnification
- Real vs. virtual
- Upright vs. inverted
- Concave vs. convex
- Ray diagrams for mirrors
- Images formed by lenses
- Image distance
- Object distance
- Magnification
- Real vs. virtual
- Upright vs. inverted
- Concave vs. convex
- Ray diagrams for lenses
- Optical instruments
- The eye
- Microscopes
- Telescopes
- Optical interference, diffraction, and polarization
- Young's Double Slit
- Constructive and destructive interference
- Intensity distribution
- Thin film interference
- Change of phase on reflection
- Coatings
- Newton's rings
- Michelson Interferometer
- Assess the limitations of physical laws and make mathematical approximations in appropriate situations.
- Physical laws as ideal models
- Methods of approximation
- Discuss how physical laws are established and the role of scientific evidence as support.
- Historical development of a sampling of physical laws
- Use of student-collected data in labs to confirm physical laws
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5. Repeatability - Moved to header area. | ||

6. Methods of Evaluation - | ||

- Weekly problem sets
- Periodic midterm tests
- Laboratory performance
- Final examination
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7. Representative Text(s) - | ||

Young & Freedman. Sears and Zemansky's with Modern Physics . 13th ed., Pearson. 2013. | ||

8. Disciplines - | ||

Physics | ||

9. Method of Instruction - | ||

Lecture, Discussion, Cooperative learning exercises, Electronic discussions/chat, Laboratory, Demonstration. | ||

10. Lab Content - | ||

- Suggested Laboratory Experiments (Some experiments may use computer-generated data and/or data from audio-visual media)
- Absolute Zero and Boyle's Law
- The Thermal Coefficient of Linear Expansion
- The Specific Heat Capacity of Metal and Latent Heats of Water
- The Ratio of the Molar Heat Capacities of Air and Heat Engines
- Standing Waves on a Stretched String
- The Propagation Speed of Sound Waves through Air
- Resonance and Tubes
- Light Intensity and Snell's Law
- Focal Length and Law of Malus
- Image Formation by Mirrors and Lenses
- Michelson's Interferometer
- Interference and Diffraction by Small Apertures
- The Relative Intensity of Polarized Light
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11. Honors Description - No longer used. Integrated into main description section. | ||

12. Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments - | ||

- Homework Problems: Homework problems covering subject matter from text and related material ranging from 10 - 40 problems per week. Students will need to employ critical thinking in order to complete assignments.
- Lecture: Five hours per week of lecture covering subject matter from text and related material. Reading and study of the textbook, related materials and notes.
- Labs: Students will perform experiments and discuss their results in either the form of a written lab report or via oral examination. Reading and understanding the lab manual prior to class is essential to success.
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13. Need/Justification - | ||

This course is a required core course for the AS degree in Physics. |

Course status: | Active | |

Last updated: | 2014-02-25 15:45:18 |

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