  
Student Learning Outcomes 
 Labs experiments should teach the students the background science, error analysis and how to perform experiments.
 Students should demonstrate competence in Modern Physics, including Special Relativity Wave Nature of Quantum Physics
 Students should demonstrate competence in optics, including: Relection Refraction Lenses Mirrors
 Students should demonstrate competence in waves, including: Sound E&M Waves Interference

Description  
 Lectures, demonstrations, and problems in waves; optics; introductory quantum mechanics; atomic physics; and nuclear physics.


Course Objectives  
 The student will be able to:
 Analyze the properties of waves and apply mathematical formulas to physical problems.
 Analyze and solve problems in optics.
 Compute special relativity problems and interpret related paradoxes and special cases.
 Explain waveparticle duality and its implications through both historical and thought experiments.
 Discuss the concepts of quantum mechanics and solve simple problems.
 Explain models of nuclear physics, how they relate to observed results, and solve problems concerning radioactive decay.
 Explain current theories in particle physics.

Special Facilities and/or Equipment  
 Physics laboratory with equipment for teaching introductory thermal physics, electricity and magnetism.

Course Content (Body of knowledge)  
  Analyze the properties of waves and apply mathematical formulas to physical problems.
 The wave function and the propagation speed of a wave
 Traveling waves
 Speed of a wave on a string
 Transverse vs. longitudinal waves
 Energy transfer
 Reflection, transmission, and superposition of waves
 Sound waves, intensity, and the Doppler effect
 Sounds as a pressure wave
 Speed of sound
 Periodic sound waves
 Definition
 Intensity
 Decibels
 Loudness and frequency
 Doppler effect
 Source moving
 Detector moving
 Both moving
 Sonic booms
 Standing waves, interference, and resonance
 Superposition and interference
 Destructive interference
 Constructive interference
 Superposition of sinusoidal waves
 Standing waves
 Nodes and antinodes
 Standing waves as a function of time
 Standing waves on a string
 Standing waves in air columns
 Open both ends
 Closed one end
 Standing waves on a membrane
 Resonance
 Beats
 Electromagnetic waves and their propagation speed
 Analyze and solve problems in optics.
 Reflection and refraction of light
 Ray approximation
 Reflection
 Refraction
 Index of refraction
 Snell's Law
 Huygen's Principle
 Total Internal Reflection
 Geometrical optics, mirrors, lenses, and optical instruments
 Images formed by mirrors
 Image distance
 Object distance
 Magnification
 Real vs. virtual
 Upright vs. inverted
 Concave vs. convex
 Ray diagrams for mirrors
 Images formed by lenses
 Image distance
 Object distance
 Magnification
 Real vs. virtual
 Upright vs. inverted
 Concave vs. convex
 Ray diagrams for lenses
 Optical instruments
 The eye
 Microscopes
 Telescopes
 Optical interference, diffraction, and polarization
 Young's Double Slit
 Constructive and destructive interference
 Intensity distribution
 Thin film interference
 Change of phase on reflection
 Coatings
 Newton's rings
 Michelson Interferometer
 Compute special relativity problems and interpret related paradoxes and special cases.
 Frames of reference
 Inertial vs. noninertial frames
 Galiean tranforms
 Einstein's postulates
 Laws of physics same in inertial frames
 Speed of light constant in inertial frames
 Loertz Transformations
 Length Contraction
 Time dilation
 Simultaneity
 Experimental evidence
 Muon decay
 Airborne atomic clocks
 Paradoxes
 Addition of velocities
 Momentum
 Energy
 Explain waveparticle duality and its implications through both historical and thought experiments.
 Light acting like a particle
 Blackbody radiation
 Defintion of a black body
 Classical attempts at solution
 Planck's solution
 The photoelectric effect
 Experimental evidence
 Einstein's solution
 The Compton effect
 Wave properties of particles
 The deBroglie hypothesis
 Electron diffraction
 WaveParticle Duality
 Two slit experiments
 Predictions for waves
 Predictions for particles
 Experimental results
 The concept of probabalistic results.
 Discuss the concepts of quantum mechanics and solve simple problems.
 Probablistic nature of quantum mechanics
 Heisenberg uncertainty principle
 Correspondence Principle
 Discuss models and solve problems pertaining to the Hydrogen atom, the Periodic Table and condensed matter physics.
 Bohr's model of the hydrogen atom and the hydrogen spectrum
 Restriction of angular momentum to integer multiples of Planck's Constant
 Bohr radius
 Energy levels and the hydrogen spectrum
 Shortcomings of the Bohr model
 Quantum mechanical approach
 Schrodinger's equation
 The need for four quantum numbers
 Wave functions for the hydrogen atom
 Shapes
 Probabilities
 Pauli exclusion principle
 The Periodic Table
 Explain models of nuclear physics, how they relate to observed results, and solve problems concerning radioactive decay.
 Models of the nucleus
 Stability
 Ratio of protons to neutrons
 Radioactivity
 Decay and halflives
 Biological effects of radiation
 Fission
 Fusion
 Explain current theories in particle physics.
 Inventory of particles
 Leptons
 Hadrons
 Baryons
 Mesons
 Conservation Laws
 Quarks

Methods of Evaluation  
  Weekly assignments
 Midterm test
 Laboratory
 Final examination

Representative Text(s)  
 Walker, James S. Physics. 4th ed. Prentice Hall, 2009.

Disciplines  
 Physics


Method of Instruction  
 Lecture, Discussion, Cooperative learning exercises, Electronic discussions/chat, Laboratory, Demonstration.


Lab Content  
 Suggested Laboratory Experiments
 Speed of sound in air
 Standing waves (in a string or air column)
 Index of refraction
 Focal length
 Lenses
 Interference and diffraction
 Photoelectric effect
 The hydrogen spectra
 Radioactive decay relativity (Film)
 Rutherford scattering (Film)


Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments  
  Homework Problems: Homework problems covering subject matter from text and related material ranging from 10  40 problems per week. Students will need to employ critical thinking in order to complete assignments.
 Lecture: Four hours per week of lecture covering subject matter from text and related material. Reading and study of the textbook, related materials and notes.
 Labs: Students will perform experiments and discuss their results in either the form of a written lab report or via oral examination. Reading and understanding the lab manual prior to class is essential to success.
