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Effective: Summer 2011
PHT 56BDISPENSING & COMPOUNDING B3 Unit(s)

Prerequisites: Prerequisite: PHT 56A.
Grade Type: Letter Grade Only
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Non-GE Transferable: CSU
2 hours lecture, 3 hours laboratory. (60 hours total per quarter)

Student Learning Outcomes -
  • Accurately utilize common pharmaceutical measuring, weighing and compounding devices to compound topical, transdermal,rectal,vaginal,ophthalmic and otic dosage forms using prescription orders.
  • Accurately apply required record keeping functions,labeling,storage and packaging to compounded topical,transdermal,rectal,vaginal,ophthalmic and otic prescriptions
Description -
General preparation of topical, transdermal, rectal, ophthalmic, and otic pharmaceutical dosage forms. Practical experience in the manipulative and record keeping functions associated with the compounding and dispensing of prescriptions. Study of dosage forms, advantages and disadvantages, uses, storage and packaging of pharmaceutical products. Intended for students in the pharmacy technology program.

Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
  1. review operation of common pharmaceutical measuring, weighing and compounding devices.
  2. accurately use the metric, apothecary, avoirdupois and household systems to count and measure.
  3. identify and differentiate between various topical, transdermal, rectal, opthalmic, and otic dosage forms.
  4. review the advantages and disadvantages of various topical, transdermal, rectal, opthalmic, and otic dosage forms.
  5. recognize specific uses for various topical, transdermal, rectal, opthalmic, and otic dosage forms.
  6. review the different storage requirements and safety considerations of various classifications of pharmaceuticals.
  7. select proper containers for packaging of pharmaceutical preparations.
  8. properly compound, label and document topical, transdermal, rectal, opthalmic, and otic dosage forms.
  9. list commonly prescribed drugs by generic name, trade names, common therapeutic use and usual dose.
Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
  1. Computers with appropriate software to process and generate prescription labels.
  2. Dispensing equipment, compounding equipment, weighing and measuring devices, empty containers, labels, auxiliary labels.

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. Review of common pharmaceutical measuring systems and equipment.(L-L)
  2. Topical dosage forms (Lec)
    1. Factors affecting absorption
    2. Definition and terminology
    3. Uses
    4. Solutions
    5. Lotions
    6. Creams
    7. Ointments
    8. Pastes
    9. Liniments
    10. Tinctures
    11. Collodions
    12. Aerosols
    13. Inhalents
    14. Sprays
    15. Powders
    16. Extemporaneous compounding and packaging of solutions, lotions, creams, ointments, pastes, and powders.(Lab)
    17. Transdermal drug delivery systems (L-L)
      1. Designs
      2. Use
  3. Rectal dosage forms
    1. Local vs. systemic use
    2. Ointments
    3. Creams
    4. Lotions
    5. Suppositories
    6. Storage
    7. Extemporaneous compounding and packaging of pharmaceuticals administered by suppository. (Lab)
  4. Ophthalmic dosage forms (L-L)
    1. Sterile preparation
    2. Solutions
    3. Suspensions
    4. Semi-solids
    5. Solid inserts
    6. Storage
  5. Otic dosage forms (L-L)
    1. Preparation
    2. Uses
  6. Practical dispensing (L-L)
    1. Patient profile
    2. Product identification
    3. Label
    4. Auxiliary labels
    5. Packaging
Methods of Evaluation -
The following evaluation methods may be used but are not limited to
  1. Objective exams
  2. Lab Practical Exams
  3. Quizzes
  4. Laboratory Notebook
Representative Text(s) -
American Pharmacists Association. The Pharmacy Technician, Fourth Edition. Englewood: Morton Publishing Company, 2010.
Wilson, Billie A., Margaret T. Shannon, and Kelly Shields. Nurse's Drug Guide. San Francisco: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2011.

Disciplines -
Pharmacy Technician
 
Method of Instruction -
  1. Lecture presentations and classroom discussion regarding topics.
  2. Small group recitation sessions to discuss laboratory compounding/dispensing concepts.
 
Lab Content -
  1. Extemporaneous compounding and packaging of solutions, lotions, creams, ointments, pastes, and powders.
  2. Extemporaneous compounding and packaging of pharmaceuticals administered by suppository.
  3. Practical dispensing skills focused on patient profiles, product identification, labeling, auxiliary labeling and packaging of compounded pharmaceuticals.
 
Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
  1. Reading Assignments: Weekly reading assignments from text, lecture notes and outside sources.
  2. Lecture: Weekly lecture covering subject matter from text assignment with extended topic information.
  3. Review of lecture handouts and relevant reading material
  4. Pre-lab and post lab assignments
  5. Laboratory Notebook