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Effective: Summer 2015
PHT 56ADISPENSING & COMPOUNDING A3 Unit(s)

Prerequisites: Prerequisite: PHT 50.
Grade Type: Letter Grade Only
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Non-GE Transferable: CSU
2 hours lecture, 3 hours laboratory. (60 hours total per quarter)

Student Learning Outcomes -
  • Interpret, evaluate and prepare non-sterile solid and liquid pharmaceutical dosage forms for oral use utilizing prescription orders.
  • Document and maintain records of pharmaceutical compounding,dispensing,storage and packaging.
Description -
General preparation of non-sterile solid and liquid pharmaceutical dosage forms for oral and topical use. Practical experience in the manipulative and record keeping functions associated with the compounding and dispensing of prescriptions for ambulatory patients. Study of dosage forms, advantages and disadvantages, uses, storage and packaging of pharmaceutical products. Intended for students in the pharmacy technology program.

Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
  1. demonstrate a working knowledge of drug dosages, routes of administration, and dosage forms.
  2. demonstrate skill in the operation of common pharmaceutical measuring, weighing and compounding devices.
  3. accurately use the metric, apothecary, avoirdupois and household systems to count and measure.
  4. identify and differentiate between various solid and liquid dosage forms for oral and topical use.
  5. describe the advantages and disadvantages of various solid and liquid dosage forms for oral use.
  6. recognize specific uses for various solid and liquid dosage forms for oral and topical use.
  7. Describe the different storage requirements and safety considerations of various classifications of pharmaceuticals.
  8. Select proper containers for packaging of pharmaceutical preparations.
  9. Properly compound, label and document solid and liquid pharmaceutical products.
  10. List commonly prescribed drugs by generic name, trade names, common t therapeutic use and usual dose.
  11. Demonstrate the ability to carry out the following functions for randomly selected ambulatory patients:
    1. Follow established guidelines for manually or electronically generating accurate and complete labels.
    2. Follow protocol to assemble appropriate patient information materials.
    3. Count or measure the product and place in the proper container.
    4. Complete the necessary records and documents.
    5. Calculate the charge for the prescription.
Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
  1. Computers with appropriate software to process and generate prescription labels.
  2. Dispensing equipment, compounding equipment, weighing and measuring devices, empty containers, labels, auxiliary labels.

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. General drug information (L-L)
    1. Dosage forms
    2. Routes of administration
    3. Importance of route of administration
  2. Review basic measuring systems (L-L)
    1. Metric
    2. Apothecary
    3. Avoirdupois
    4. Household
  3. Equipment used in measuring, weighing, compounding, of solids, semi- solids, and liquids. (L-L)
    1. Practice in weighing and measuring solids and liquids. (Lab)
  4. Equipment and supplies used for dispensing pharmaceuticals (L-L)
  5. Oral solid dosage forms (L-L)
    1. Terminology
    2. Basic guidelines for oral administration
    3. Powders
      1. Preparation of various powders (Lab)
    4. Granules
    5. Effervescent salts
    6. Capsules: advantages, disadvantages, uses
      1. Hard gelatin
      2. Soft gelatin
      3. Controlled release
      4. Extemporaneous preparation of commonly used capsules. (Lab)
    7. Tablets: advantages, disadvantages, uses (L-L)
      1. Compressed
      2. Multiple compressed
      3. Sugar coated
      4. Film coated
      5. Enteric coated
      6. Buccal or sublingual
      7. Chewable
      8. Gelatin coated compressed tablets
      9. Osmotic pump
      10. Lozenges
    8. Identification of various oral dosage forms (Lab)
    9. Storage and packaging requirements
  6. Oral solutions and uses (L-L)
    1. Definition and terminology
    2. Solutes and solvents
    3. Review percent strengths
    4. Common oral solutions
    5. Syrups
    6. Elixirs
    7. Extemporaneous compounding and packaging of various solutions, syrups, and elixirs. (Lab)
  7. Oral suspensions and uses (L-L)
    1. Definition and terminology
    2. Components
    3. Emulsions
    4. Magmas
    5. Gels
    6. Extemporaneous compounding and packaging of various suspensions and emulsions (Lab)
  8. Practical dispensing (L-L)
    1. Patient profile
    2. Product identification
    3. Label
    4. Auxiliary labels
    5. Packaging
Methods of Evaluation -
The following evaluation methods may be used but are not limited to
  1. Objective exams
  2. Lab Practical Exams
  3. Quizzes
  4. Laboratory Notebook
Representative Text(s) -
American Pharmacists Association. The Pharmacy Technician, Fourth Edition. Englewood: Morton Publishing Company, 2010.
Wilson, Billie A., Margaret T. Shannon, and Kelly Shields. Nurse's Drug Guide 2011. San Francisco: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2011.

Disciplines -
Pharmacy Technician
 
Method of Instruction -
  1. Lecture presentations and classroom discussion regarding topics.
  2. Small group recitation sessions to discuss laboratory compounding/dispensing concepts.
 
Lab Content -
  1. Practice in weighing and measuring solids and liquids.
  2. Preparation of various powders.
  3. Extemporaneous preparation of commonly used capsules and tablets
  4. Identification of various oral dosage forms.
  5. Extemporaneous compounding and packaging of various solutions, syrups, and elixirs.
  6. Extemporaneous compounding and packaging of various suspensions and emulsions.
 
Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
  1. Reading Assignments: Weekly reading assignments from text and outside sources.
  2. Lecture: Weekly lecture covering subject matter from text assignment with extended topic information.
  3. Review of handouts and relevant reading material
  4. Pre-lab and post lab assignments
  5. Laboratory Notebook