Print Version

Effective: Summer 2014

Prerequisites: Prerequisite: BIOL 14 or equivalent.
Grade Type: Letter Grade Only
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Non-GE Transferable: CSU
3 hours lecture. (36 hours total per quarter)

Student Learning Outcomes -
  • Describe the basic anatomy and physiology of the nervous,endocrine,digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems.
  • Identify common pathophysiology of the nervous, endocrine, digestive, urinary and reproductive systems and the prescription and non-prescription remedies,problems and dosages of the treatments.
Description -
Introduction to the general principals of pharmacology and pharmacokinetics with a focus on the anatomy, physiology and application of pharmacological principles pertaining to the peripheral and central nervous system. Drugs are discussed related to their mechanism of action, indications, adverse effects, contraindications, precautions and drug interactions. Intended for students in the Pharmacy Technician Program; enrollment is limited to students accepted in the program.

Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
  1. Describe the history of pharmacology and explain the components of drug product development in relation to Drug Legislation and Regulations.
  2. Differentiate between the naming systems of drugs, the classification various drug sources, and dosage formulations.
  3. Explain the principles of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics.
  4. Describe the basic anatomy and physiology of specific body systems and explain all components of pharmacology related to specific body systems and disorders pertaining to the peripheral and central nervous systems.
  5. Recall the 50 most commonly prescribed medications.
Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
Computer facility, multimedia, CD-ROM with animations.

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. Introduction to Pharmacology, Drug Legislation, and Regulation.
    1. The history of pharmacology
      1. The Age of Natural Substances
      2. The Age of Synthetic Substances
      3. The Age of Biotechnology
    2. Drug product development
    3. Drug product removal
    4. Prescription and Nonprescription Drugs
    5. Controlled Substances
    6. Federal Drug Legislation
      1. The Pure Food and Drug Act 1906
      2. The Harrison Narcotic Act 1914
      3. The Pure Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act 1938
      4. The Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970
  2. Drug Sources and Dosage Forms
    1. Drug names and naming systems
    2. Drug Sources
      1. Plant, Animal, Mineral, Synthetic, Engineered Sources
    3. Dosage Forms of Drugs
      1. Solid, Semisolid, Liquid, Gaseous Drugs
  3. Biopharmaceutics
    1. Pharmacokinetics
      1. Drug Absorption
      2. Drug Distribution
      3. Drug Metabolism
      4. Drug Excretion
    2. Pharmacodynamics
    3. Drug Action
      1. Factors affecting drug action
      2. Side effects and adverse effects of drugs
      3. Hypersensitivity or Allergy
      4. Anaphylactic Reaction
  4. Specific Body Systems and Disorders
    1. Pharmacology of the Peripheral Nervous System
      1. Introduction to the Autonomic Nervous System
        1. Nervous System Organization
        2. Overview of the ANS
        3. Parasympathetic and Sympathetic Divisions
        4. Cholinergic and Adrenergic Receptors
      2. Drugs Affecting the Sympathetic Nervous System
        1. Adrenergic Nerve Endings and Receptors
        2. Alpha Adrenergic Drugs
        3. Alpha Adrenergic Blocking Drugs
        4. Beta Adrenergic Drugs
        5. Beta Adrenergic Blocking Drugs
        6. Adrenergic Neuronal Blocking Drugs
      3. Drugs Affecting the Parasympathetic Nervous System
        1. Cholinergic nerve activity and receptors
        2. Cholinergic Drugs
        3. Clinical Indications for Anticholinesterase Drugs
        4. Anticholinergic Drugs
      4. Drugs Affecting the Autonomic Ganglia
        1. Ganglionic Stimulants
        2. Ganglionic Blockers
        3. Adverse effects of Ganglionic Blockers
      5. Skeletal Muscle Relaxants
        1. Clinical Indications
        2. Peripherally Acting Skeletal Muscle Relaxants
        3. Direct acting Skeletal Muscle Relaxants
        4. Centrally acting Skeletal Muscle Relaxants
      6. Local Anesthetics
        1. MOA
        2. Routes of Administrations
        3. Clinical Applications and preferred treatment
    2. Pharmacology of the Central Nervous System
      1. Introduction to the Central Nervous System
        1. Structural and Functional features of the Brain
        2. Diencephalon and Brainstem
        3. Cerebellum
        4. Spinal Cord
        5. Functional Components
      2. Drugs affecting the Central Nervous System
        1. Sedative-Hypnotic Drugs
          1. Sleep cycle
          2. Effects of alcohol
          3. Barbiturate sedatives and hypnotics
          4. Benzodiazepines
          5. Miscellaneous non-barbiturates
          6. Alcohol
        2. Antipsychotic and Anti-anxiety Drugs
          1. Various types Mental Disorders
          2. Antipsychotic Drugs
          3. Anti-anxiety Drugs
        3. Antidepressants, Psychomotor stimulants and Lithium
          1. Types of depression
          2. Drugs used to treat depression
          3. Preferred drug therapy for Mania and Bipolar disorder
        4. Psychotomimetic Drugs of Abuse
          1. LSD-Type Halluciongens
          2. Psychomotor Stimulants
          3. Miscellaneous Psychotomimetic Drugs
        5. Antiepileptic Drugs
          1. Types of Epilepsy
          2. Drug treatment for partial seizures
          3. Drug treatment for generalized seizures
          4. Drug treatment for Status Epilepticus
        6. Antiparkinson Drugs
          1. Neurotransmitters affecting the Basal Ganglia
          2. Actions of Levodopa
          3. Dopamine Receptor Agonist
          4. Enzyme inhibitors to increase actions of Levodopa
          5. Miscellaneous Drugs
        7. Alzheimer's Disease
          1. Pharmacotherapy for Alzheimer's Disease
        8. General anesthetics
          1. Physiological stages of anesthesia
          2. General anesthesia MOA
          3. Adjuncts to general anesthesia
          4. Special considerations and cautions
          5. Preferred use of anesthesia
        9. Opioid Analgesics
          1. Pain receptors
          2. MOA of Opioids
          3. Opioid Analgesics
          4. Opioid Antagonists and Respiratory Depression
          5. Opioid Antitussives
          6. Drug interactions
        10. Non-opioid Analgesics, NSAIDS
          1. Inflammation
          2. MOA of Anti-inflammatory Drugs
          3. NSAIDS
          4. Salicylates
          5. Acetaminophen
        11. Antigout Drugs
          1. Gout
          2. MOA of anti-gout drugs
          3. Combination drug therapy options.
  5. Drug Identification; generic name, brand name, and classification of the Top 50 most commonly prescribed drugs on the market at this time (most recent year).
Methods of Evaluation -
The following evaluation methods may be used but not limited to:
  1. Objective exams
  2. Oral presentations
  3. Cooperative learning assignments
  4. Research papers
  5. Projects
  6. Case Studies
Representative Text(s) -
Hitner, Henry & Nagle, Barbara. Pharmacology: An Introduction. 6th ed. Boston, MA: McGraw Hill, 2012.
Moscou, Kathy and Karen Snipe. Pharmacology for Pharmacy Technicians. 2nd Edition. St.Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier, 2012.

Disciplines -
Pharmacy Technology
Method of Instruction -
  1. Lecture presentations
  2. Classroom discussion regarding lecture content
  3. Individual or group presentations regarding research topics followed by in-class discussion and evaluation.
  4. Small group recitation sessions to discuss case studies with an emphasis on collaborative learning.
Lab Content -
Not Applicable.
Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
  1. Reading Assignments: Weekly reading assignments from text and outside sources ranging from 20 to 30 pages per week.
  2. Lecture: Weekly lecture covering subject matter from text assignment with extended topic information along with class discussion.
  3. Review of handouts and relevant reading material
  4. Participating in critical thinking and case study exercises
  5. Exploring the online web sites on related topics covered in lecture
  6. Study Ware CD-ROM Student Study Activities
  7. Completing review questions in textbook
  8. Research and planning of individual projects