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Effective: Summer 2015

Grade Type: Letter Grade Only
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Non-GE Transferable: CSU
3 hours lecture. (36 hours total per quarter)

Student Learning Outcomes -
  • Identify and utilize the naming systems, source, use, biotransformation and biodynamics,variables in drug responses and record keeping of available pharmaceutical supplies.
  • Demonstrate handling and mandatory record keeping for durgs requiring special handling(scheduled drugs,BTC's,IND's,etc.).
Description -
An introduction to the pharmacological principles as they are related to and support an understanding of rational drug usage. An understanding of the profound influence of drug laws, standards and regulations. Intended for students in the Pharmacy Technician Program; enrollment is limited to students accepted in the program.

Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
  1. differentiate among drugs that are either natural products, semi-synthetic, or synthetic.
  2. pharmacologically classify a drug after having been presented with its generic name, brand (trade) name and chemical name.
  3. decide whether a drug is used as a preventative, curative, restorative, or disease process limiting agent.
  4. understand the graphical presentation of the dose-response relationship, potency, bioequivalence and efficacy.
  5. demonstrate an awareness of various drug interactions,side/adverse effects and effectively use a drug-drug and drug-food interactions chart.
  6. assess the potential for risk versus the benefit of a drug that is being used as a therapeutic agent.
  7. identify differences in physiological states that can affect drug response, including patient age, weight, disease states, and genetic factors.
  8. identify the five pregnancy risk categories.
  9. interpret current federal and state legislation and agencies regulating the practice of pharmacy.
  10. describe all schedules of controlled substances
  11. identifying methods of record keeping, dispensing, and inventory of controlled substances.
  12. discuss methods of transferring controlled substances between registrants.
  13. verify a DEA number.
  14. explain the Five Rights of medication administration.
  15. define Investigational drugs, New Drug Applications, Orphan drugs, generic substitution, Black Box warnings and MedGuides
Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
Textbooks, overhead, videotapes, multimedia cart, charts. College library with generalized and specialized references.

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. Drugs (Lec)
    1. Sources of drugs: natural, semi-synthetic, synthetic.
    2. Nomenclature: brand name, generic name, chemical name, organic name, official name, synonyms, acronyms, and combination drugs.
  2. Classification of drugs (Lec)
  3. Uses of drugs (Lec)
    1. therapeutic
    2. palliative
    3. diagnostic
    4. prophylactic
    5. replacement therapy
    6. pre-surgery
  4. Fundamental principals of pharmaceutics (Lec)
    1. Absorption and availability
    2. Distribution
    3. Metabolism
    4. Elimination
    5. Dose-response relationship
    6. Potency and efficacy
  5. Drug effects and interactions (Lec)
    1. Therapeutic effect
    2. Side/Adverse effects
    3. Hypersensitivity
    4. Idiosyncrasies
    5. Drug interactions-use of the drug interaction chart
  6. Assessment of therapeutic use versus risks in drug therapy. (Lec)
    1. Indications
    2. Contra-indications
    3. Precautions
    4. Toxic effects
  7. Factors altering the usual effects of a drug (Lec)
    1. Weight
    2. Age
    3. Gender
    4. Normal physiologic state-diurnal rhythm
    5. Pathological state
    6. Genetics
    7. Allergy
    8. Psychology-placebo effect
    9. Environment
  8. Pregnancy Risk Categories (Lec)
    1. Pregnancy Category A
    2. Pregnancy Category B
    3. Pregnancy Category C
    4. Pregnancy Category D
    5. Pregnancy Category X
    6. Pregnancy Category NR
  9. Legislation regulating the practice of pharmacy (Lec)
    1. Federal laws and agencies.
      1. Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act
      2. Controlled Substances Act
      3. Hazardous Substances Labeling Act
      4. Poison Prevention Packaging Act
      5. Drug Enforcement Agency
      6. JCAHO
    2. State laws and regulations.
      1. California Pharmacy Law with Regulations
      2. Uniform Controlled Substances Act
      3. Sherman Food Drug and Cosmetic Law
      4. California Hazardous Substances Act
      5. California State Board of Pharmacy
      6. Department of Consumer Affairs
  10. Controlled Substances (Lec)
    1. Schedule 1, II, III IV and V
    2. General requirements and types of drugs
    3. Receiving, storage, and sale
  11. Filling Controlled Substances (Lec)
    1. Schedule II prescriptions
    2. Schedule III, IV, and V prescriptions
    3. Inventory policy for Controlled substances
  12. Transfer of Controlled substances
    1. Methods of transfer of Schedule II drugs among registrants
    2. Transfer of Schedule III, IV, and V drugs among registrants.
    3. Execution of Form 222
  13. DEA number (Lec)
    1. Confirmation of authenticity using formula.
  14. Five Rights of Medication Administration (Lec)
    1. The right patient
    2. The right drug
    3. The right dose
    4. The right route
    5. The right time
  15. Pharmaceutical terminology (Lec)
    1. Investigational Drugs
    2. New Drug Application
    3. OTC drugs and Legend drugs
    4. The Orphan Drug Law
    5. Black Box warnings,
    6. MedGuides
Methods of Evaluation -
The following evaluation methods may be used but are not limited to:
  1. Objective exams
  2. Lab Practical Exams
  3. Quizzes
Representative Text(s) -
American Pharmacists Association, Perspective Press. The Pharmacy Technician. Fifth Edition. Englewood:Morton Publishing Company, 2013.
Darvey, Diane. Legal Handbook for Pharmacy Technicians. 1st Edition. Bethesda, MD:American Society of Health-System Pharmacists Inc, 2008. Although this text is older than the suggested "5 years or newer" standard, it still remains a seminal text in this area of study.
California Board of Pharmacy. Pharmacy Laws with Rules & Regulations. San Clemente, CA:Lawtech Publishing Company, 2014.
Hitner, Henry and Nagle, Barbara. Pharmacology: An Introduction. 6th edition. Boston, MA: McGraw Hill, 2012.

Disciplines -
Pharmacy Technology
Method of Instruction -
  1. Lecture presentations and classroom discussion regarding topics.
  2. Small group recitation sessions to discuss concepts.
Lab Content -
Not applicable.
Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
  1. Reading Assignments: Weekly reading assignments from text and outside sources ranging from 10 to 30 pages per week.
  2. Online research assignments required.