Print Version

Effective: Summer 2015

Advisory: Advisory: This course is included in the Analog Photography family of activity courses.
Grade Type: Letter Grade, the student may select Pass/No Pass
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Non-GE Transferable: CSU/UC
3 hours lecture, 3 hours laboratory. (72 hours total per quarter)

Student Learning Outcomes -
  • A student will demonstrate a working knowledge of the production processes necessary to create a silver-based photograph.
  • A student will recognize the expressive qualities of light, composition, and camera settings and how they contribute meaning to a photograph.
Description -
Fundamentals of black and white still photography. Introduction to the historical development of the medium and the role that photography has played in shaping social issues and its effect on culture. Practical investigation of photography's potential to contribute to personal visual expression. Exposure to multiple perspectives on photography as practiced and contributed by diverse cultures. Topics cover photographic seeing, camera operation, use of aperture and shutter settings for aesthetic and sensitometric control, film processing, printing, and use of natural light for personal expression and communication. Introduction to electronic imaging processes.

Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
  1. describe major applications of photography, major photographers and styles, and basic tools and resources used in photography today.
  2. use the camera with technical control of film, aperture, and shutter speed appropriate to various lighting conditions to achieve specific visual effects.
  3. develop film to industry standards.
  4. print full-scale prints.
  5. create imaginative photographs to fulfill specific assignments.
  6. communicate personal expression through the photographic medium.
  7. discuss the significance that photography has had on past and current social concerns and beliefs.
  8. recognize and appreciate the motivations, concerns, and differences between selected photographers
  9. understand how to approach and critique photographs made by others and formulate intelligent interpretations
Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
Cameras suitable for natural light photography. Light-proof laboratory areas equipped for processing film, printing enlargements, and finishing prints. Stocks of all required chemicals, and facilities for mixing and storing same.

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. The role of photography in contemporary life.
    1. What photography is and is not; and how it differs from other media.
    2. How photographs record space and time.
    3. Genres of photography including documentary, fashion, journalism, fine art and scientific and their place in the history of art and communications
    4. Major styles, subject matter and techniques in contemporary photography.
    5. Historical development of the medium, including major photographers of different cultures, backgrounds and locales.
  2. Learning how to see photographically and use the language of photography.
    1. Use of natural light.
    2. Composition
    3. Artificial Light and Flash Photography
  3. How the camera records an image.
    1. Attributes of different films.
    2. How aperture controls light and changes the image.
    3. How the shutter speed controls the light and changes the image.
    4. The Daylight Exposure System.
    5. Control of spatial elements through selective focus, depth-of-field, and hyperfocal focusing.
    6. Time as a photographic element and the selection of shutter speeds for stopped or blurred motion.
  4. Techniques of processing negatives.
    1. Lab procedures, including proper handling of equipment and chemicals and environmental concerns.
    2. Time, temperature and dilution of chemicals as controllers of negative densities and contrast.
  5. Printing from negatives.
    1. Printing procedures and proper use of chemicals.
    2. Image control through use of filters, burning and dodging.
  6. Introduction to flash photography.
    1. Flash-synchronized shutter speeds and flash guide numbers.
    2. Alternatives to, and modifications of, electronic flash.
  7. Respond to artistic photographs and place them in a larger social and cultural context.
    1. An appreciation of how the photograph can reflect and portray individuality.
    2. Factors and approaches in evaluating photographs.
    3. Resources for viewing photographs, including galleries, museums, books, periodicals and new imaging media.
    4. Understand the motivations and concerns of photographers who have made significant contributions to the field of photography
Methods of Evaluation -
  1. The course grade is based on the technical and aesthetic quality of photographs submitted for specific assignments.
  2. Additional methods of evaluation will include written papers, objectively-scored quizzes, a final exam as well as attendance and class participation.
  3. Demonstration of involvement in the course material through written and verbal critiques of projects and assignments, followed by the instructor's evaluation of both the project and the critique.
  4. Oral presentation of photographer
Representative Text(s) -
London, Stone and Upton, Photography Pearson, N. Y., 11th edition, 2013.
London and Stone, A Short Course in Photography: Film and Darkroom, 9th Edition, Pearson, N.Y., 2014.

Disciplines -
Method of Instruction -
  1. Lecture presentations and classroom discussion using the language of photography.
  2. Demonstration and practice of photographic techniques in the classroom and in field.
  3. Group presentations of projects followed by in-class discussion and evaluation.
  4. Electronic discussions/chat to support learning
  5. Field Trips to locations for practice and learning as needed.
Lab Content -
  1. Practice of Developing of film.
  2. Supervised Printing of photographs.
  3. Practice of Print finishing techniques.
  4. Field trips to photographic locations and museums/galleries.
  5. Online image sharing and technique discussions.
  6. Development of skills in the expressive photographic print.
Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
  1. Gallery/museum reports
  2. Review of handouts and relevant reading material
  3. Research and planning of individual creative projects
  4. Reading and study of the textbook
  5. Paper on the life of a photographer
  6. Reflections on learning and procedures in written form