|Student Learning Outcomes -|
- A successful student will demonstrate an understanding of Western music between the years 1400 BCE to 1750 CE as a reflection of its societal/historical context.
- A successful student will discriminate - via an understanding of such musical elements as melody, harmony, rhythm, and form - between various musical styles (e.g., Medieval, Renaissance, Baroque).
|Description - |
|An introduction to the great composers and music masterpieces of Western culture, including composer biographies with emphasis on how composers synthesize or transform the aesthetic ideals of their time. Examines how composers' music reflects their own lives as well as mirrors contemporary social, political, and religious events. Historical periods include the Ancient World and the Medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque eras. Composers include Josquin, Lassus, Palestrina, Monteverdi, Purcell, Vivaldi, Handel and Bach.|
|Course Objectives - |
|The student will be able to: |
- demonstrate detailed knowledge of the historical development of musical style in Western culture in relation to the political, economic, social, and religious developments of the time.
- apply knowledge of musical style, historical periods and genres from Western culture to representative examples of music.
- compare and contrast repertoire of concert music through familiarity with a broad sampling of works, composers, styles and genres.
- critique good performance from bad from the perspectives of artistic quality and appropriate historical performance practice.
- discuss, with insight and understanding, the social and personal implications of the development of musical style in Western culture.
- demonstrate self-managed learning in a comprehensive journal, in which they reflect upon, evaluate, and describe their own learning process.
|Special Facilities and/or Equipment - |
- Classroom with piano, computer, and audio/video equipment
- Access to comprehensive digital music library for representative listening examples.
- Set of individual musical scores or an omnibus of musical scores for classroom analysis.
- When taught via Foothill Global Access: On-going access to computer with Email software and capabilities, Email address.
|Course Content (Body of knowledge) - |
- Music fundamentals: melody, rhythm, harmony, texture, instrumentation, form.
- Style characteristics and function of music in the ancient world through the Baroque period. Comparison and contrast to music of other world cultures.
- Study of specific musical works:
- Sacred vocal music (plainchant, early polyphony, masses, motets, oratorios, passions and cantatas).
- Secular vocal music (Troubadour songs, Italian and English Madrigals, opera).
- Instrumental music (preludes, fugues, toccatas, passacaglia, fantasias, dance suites, sonata da chiesa and sonata da camera).
- Composer biographies (Josquin, Lassus, members of the Florentine Camarata, Palestrina, Monteverdi, Purcell, Vivaldi, Handel and Bach).
- Identification of major themes of the culture at each period in history (divine authority, redemption, freedom, artistic creativity and originality, political, social, religious ideologies, gender roles), their definition in other periods in Western culture and their parallels in other world cultures.
|Methods of Evaluation - |
|The student will demonstrate: |
- detailed knowledge of the historical development of musical style in Western culture in relation to the political, economic, social, religious developments and values of the time in quizzes and examinations.
- ability to apply knowledge of musical style, historical periods and genres from Western culture to representative examples of music in laboratory worksheets.
- ability to compare and contrast repertoire of concert music in laboratory worksheets.
- ability to critique good performance from bad from the perspectives of artistic quality and appropriate historical performance practice in concert reports and through participation in on-campus and/or online discussions.
- ability to discuss, with insight and understanding, the social and personal implications of the development of musical style in Western culture through participation in online discussions.
- The student will demonstrate self-managed learning in a comprehensive journal, in which they reflect upon, evaluate, and describe their own learning process by writing two reflections on each topic area: a pre-reflection that includes what the student already knows about the topic and a post-reflection in which students summarize what they learned and want to remember, clarify, or pursue in more depth.
|Representative Text(s) - |
|Barkley, E. and Hartwell, R. (2014) Great Composers and Music Masterpieces of Western Civilization. (Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall Hunt) |
Burkholder, J.P., Grout, D.J., Palisca, C.V. (Current Edition or 2013) Donald Jay Grout, and Claude V. Palisca, A History of Western Music (New York: W.W. Norton and Company)
When taught via Foothill Global Access: Supplemental lectures, handouts, tests and assignments delivered via Email.
|Disciplines - |
|Method of Instruction - |
|During periods of instruction the student will be: |
- listening (on campus) or reading (online) lecture information;
- listening to representative examples of music that illustrate concepts related to the historical/social context, stylistic categories, structural characteristics and important composers for the varied topic areas;
- participating in discussion (on campus and/or online); and
- completing laboratory worksheets that provide additional information as well as ask application questions correlated with listening examples.
- Feedback on tests and assignments delivered via Email; class discussion may be delivered in chat rooms, list-serves and newsgroups.
|Lab Content - |
|Laboratory activities are provided for students to practice and apply their theoretical knowledge regarding each topic area's structural characteristics (rhythm, melody, form, instrumentation, and harmony), style, genre, and important composers. Activities consist of online laboratory worksheets correlated with listening examples. Examples for Antiquity and Medieval music illustrate the quantity and quality of music examples provided. |
- Representative Listening Examples for Medieval Music
- Plainchant Mass
- Plainchant Antiphon (Laus Deo Patri) and Psalm 112 (Laudate Pueri) from Vespers on Trinity Sunday
- Plainchant Hymn: Pange lingua gloriosi orporis mysterium (late 13th century)
- Ordo virtutum (excerpt, ca. 1150) Hildegard von Bingen
- A chantar (early 13th century) Beatriz de Dia
- Cantigas de Santa Maria
- Melismatic organum, Kyrie Cunctipotens genitor deus (Codex Calixtinus, ca. 1120-1230)
- Organum Haec dies (mid-to late 12th century)
- Motet A Paris/On parole/Frese nouvele (late 13th century)
- Messe de Notre Dame: Kyrie (ca. 1360) Guillaume de Machaut
- Ma fin est mon commencement (ca. 135-1360
- Sumer is icumen in (ca. 1250) Anonymous
- La quinte estampie real (second half of 13th century) anonymous
- Representative Listening Examples for Renaissance
- Quam pulchra es (ca. 1410-1430) John Dunstable
- Flos florum (ca. 1425-1430) Guilaume Du Fay
- Ave Maria...virgo serena (ca. 1475-1485) Josquin des Prez
- Se la face ay pale (ca. 1435) Guillaume Du Fay
- Missa Se la face ay pale: Gloria (ca. 1450) Guillaume Du Fae
- Missa prolationum: Kyrie (last quarter of 15th century) Johannes Ockeghem
- El grillo (ca. 1500-1505) Josquin des Prez
- De le belle contrade d'oriente (1566) Cipriano de Rore
- Solo e pensoso (ca. 1595-1599) Luca Marenzio
- Matona mia cara (ca. 1575-1581) Orlande de Lassus
- Now is the Month of Maying (ca. 1595) Thomas Morley
- Missa Papae Marcelli: Credo (ca. 1565-1567) Giovvani Pierluigi da Palestrina
- Ricercar (ca. 1507) Francesco Spinacino
|Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments - |
- Reading Assignments: Textbook chapters
- Writing Assignments: Comprehensive Journal in which students first reflect upon what they already know about the topic, and then after they have completed all the learning activities associated with that topic, summarize what they have learned, what they need to clarify, and what they wish to pursue in more depth.
- Participation in Formal Threaded Discussion that includes written responses to prompts for each topic.
- (Sample) for Medieval Sacred Music: What are the characteristics of chant that made it almost universally used for spiritual purposes? Today ‘spiritual' or ‘religious' music comes in all kinds of genres. What kind of music do you think would be most effective putting you in a ‘spiritual' state?
- (Sample) for Transition from Renaissance to Baroque: Eras of musical style tend to go back and forth between being extravagant, lush, personal, individual, emotional, subjective (e.g., Baroque, Romantic) and sparse, ‘simple,' clean, clear, direct, cosmopolitan, universal (Renaissance, Classical). This same tendency can be seen in many social and cultural contexts, for example fashion, food, architecture, and so forth. Which of these basic trends do you feel most reflects your personality and cite some examples to illustrate.
- Discussion postings are assessed on the following criteria:
- Appropriateness. Did the student “answer” the question and address all components of the question?
- Thoughtfulness and Accuracy. Does the posting include correct information and demonstrate that the student is thinking about and understanding the material?
- Overall Organization. Does the student's posting form a coherent paragraph with main statements, support statements, conclusion, and so forth?
- “ESWE” (edited standard written English). Does the student's posting contain correct grammar and spelling?