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Effective: Summer 2013

Prerequisites: Prerequisite: MUS 13B.
Advisory: Advisory: Concurrent enrollment in MUS 12A or equivalent skills; this course is included in the Voice Class Applied Performance family of activity courses.
Grade Type: Letter Grade, the student may select Pass/No Pass
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Non-GE Transferable: CSU/UC
4 hours lecture. (48 hours total per quarter)

Student Learning Outcomes -
  • A successful student will understand and apply more advanced methods of vocal production.
  • The successful student will apply proper singing techniques to public performance.
Description -
A continuation at the advanced level of MUS 13B with increased emphasis on more advanced and subtle concepts of vocal production. Emphasis on understanding and managing vocal passaggios, expansion of vocal styles to include classical and/or complex musical theatre repertoire. Small ensembles of duets or trio's with independent vocal lines and full communication of character will be introduced. Emphasis on ensemble building and collaboration with accompanist.

Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
  1. Sing throughout their entire vocal range with support, resonance, management of the passaggio.
  2. Describe the vocal passaggio's in general, techniques for management and where those passaggi are for the student.
  3. Describe and demonstrate correct vocal technique including a song from classical repertoire in Italian, French or German.
  4. Develop a character analysis describe the arc of that character in a complex musical theatre song or an opera aria.
  5. Recognize correct technique in other singers through evaluation and discussion of their vocal production in more advanced repertoire, including complex musical theatre and opera.
  6. Develop the ability to sing ensembles, duets or trio as assigned with sense of ensemble and rehearsal technique and practices.
  7. Recognize and describe the contributions of song literature studied.
  8. Apply all characteristics of technique, musicianship, and text communication studied at an advanced level in performance.
Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
Song and pedagogical materials as assigned during class; access to a piano.
  1. Large classroom with piano
  2. Quality vocal recording equipment is strongly advised.
  3. Audio/visual equipment; internet available computer/media equipped classroom.

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. Technique Skills
    1. Support:
      1. mastery of aligned posture and ability to move in character while singing
      2. mastery of inhalation, engaging transverse abdominal muscle for controlled exhalation.
      3. ability to maintain support throughout challenging musical, vocal and dramatic moments
  2. Tone Production:
    1. maintain relaxed jaw and tongue, lifted soft palate in languages other than English.
    2. ability to produce appropriately resonant vowel sounds In Italian, German or French repertoire.
    3. ability to move between vocal registers/passaggi
    4. use appropriate advanced vocal exercises for healthier vocal production.
  3. Articulation
    1. develop increased ability to use articulators in a variety of languages and styles.
    2. explore the use of articulation in song interpretation and communication of character.
  4. Advanced Song Repertoire: Music from early Italian vocal exercises to contemporary song literature, may include classical, musical theater and opera.
  5. Advanced Music Reading Skills
    1. rhythmic values in complex styles such as recitative and patter songs
    2. ability to read appropriate character line in music studied
    3. ability to manage repertoire with changing meter
    4. music terminology related to dynamics, tempo and interpretation in languages of songs studied.
  6. Preparation and performance of Advanced repertoire
    1. Fully prepare all assigned material applying principles studied in:
      1. vocal technique
      2. musicality
      3. communication of text and character
      4. develop effective stage presence and focus at an advanced level.
    2. Perform group and solo repertoire as assigned
      1. Employ techniques of vocal shading and coloring to effectively interpret a song or character.
      2. develop ensemble singing skills
      3. develop rehearsal practices for character driven ensembles
      4. ability to collaborate with other singers and with an accompanist
  7. Exposure to a wide variety of performances of vocal artists and repertoire
    1. Live performances
    2. Media: video and recorded material
Methods of Evaluation -
  1. Class participation applying techniques covered from warm-ups through songs and/or arias
  2. Mastery of Advanced repertoire assigned: vocal technique, musicality, text and character
  3. Performance of songs demonstrating accuracy of breath support, resonance, passaggi, diction in multiple languages, communication of dramatic character in performance of songs and arias.
  4. Research and written assignment reports and projects.
  5. Periodic quizzes on course content.

The Final Exam will consist of a performance of repertoire developed during the quarter.
Representative Text(s) -
Hamady, Jennifer, The Art of Singing, Milwaukee, Hal Leonard Corporation, 2009.
Bunch, Meredith and Vaughn, Cynthia, The Singing Book, W.W. Norton & Company, 2004.
Paton, John Glenn, The Foundations in Singing, New York, McGraw-Hill, 2005.

Repertoire for the course will be chosen from a wide range of vocal literature from classical through contemporary at the instructor's discretion so that the student will successfully be able to develop in their vocal skills.

Disciplines -
Method of Instruction -
Lecture and demonstration, individual and group singing, discussion, listening examples and attendance of vocal performances.
Lab Content -
  1. Supervised rehearsal of assignments and projects.
  2. Ensemble and solo coaching.
  3. Exercises in expression and connection to text.
  4. Repertoire building and exploration.
Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
  1. Review of handouts and relevant reading materials
  2. Reading and study of the textbook
  3. Write self-evaluation journal
  4. Written text and character analysis and translations as needed
  5. Write Concert reports as assigned