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Effective: Summer 2013

Prerequisites: Prerequisite: MUS 13A.
Advisory: Advisory: Concurrent enrollment in MUS 12A or equivalent skills; this course is included in the Voice Class Applied Performance family of activity courses.
Grade Type: Letter Grade, the student may select Pass/No Pass
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Non-GE Transferable: CSU/UC
4 hours lecture. (48 hours total per quarter)

Student Learning Outcomes -
  • A successful student will understand and apply basic and intermediate methods of vocal production.
  • The successful student will apply proper singing techniques to public performance.
Description -
A continuation at the intermediate level of MUS 13A with increased emphasis on tone production and support, expansion of vocal range, differentiate between the various styles of singing studied: classical, legitimate, mix and belt, develop more complex repertoire in a variety of languages, attention to communication of text and character development, simple choral harmonies, and rehearsal practices with an accompanist.

Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
  1. Expand their vocal range with increased resonance and breath support.
  2. Describe vocal registers and their relationship to styles of singing, as well as appropriate technical skills required for mastery.
  3. Differentiate and apply technique to languages beyond English and basic Italian exercises.
  4. Master vocal technique and musical skills required for more complex repertoire.
  5. Develop skills to break-down text and character as well as skills for moment to moment story-telling and text communication and stage presence at an intermediate level.
  6. Recognize correct technique in other singers through evaluation and discussion of their vocal production.
  7. Develop the ability to sing simple harmonies in vocal music.
  8. Recognize and describe the contributions of song literature studied.
  9. Apply all characteristics of technique, musicianship, and text communication studied at an intermediate level in performance.
Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
Song and pedagogical materials as assigned during class; access to a piano for practice outside of class.
  1. Large classroom with piano.
  2. Quality vocal recording equipment is strongly advised.
  3. Audio/visual equipment; internet available computer/media equipped classroom.

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. Technique Skills
    1. Support:
      1. posture and stance
      2. expansion of breath capacity through longer phrases
      3. ability to maintain support throughout more challenging musical phrase
  2. Tone Production:
    1. maintain relaxed jaw and tongue, lifted soft palate
    2. ability to produce resonant sound in a wider variety of songs: classical, art song, musical theatre belt
    3. expansion of vocal range in both high and low registers
    4. use appropriate intermediate vocal exercises for healthier vocal production.
  3. Articulation
    1. develop increased ability to use articulators in a variety of styles.
    2. explore the use of articulation in text expression
  4. Intermediate Song Repertoire: Music from early Italian vocal exercises to contemporary song literature, may include classical and musical theater
  5. Intermediate Music Reading Skills
    1. ability to learn rhythmic value of repertoire studied by speaking song in rhythm.
    2. ability to read appropriate vocal line in choral music studied.
    3. identify and count typical meters in song
    4. music terminology related to dynamics, tempo and interpretation
  6. Preparation and performance of Intermediate repertoire
    1. Fully prepare all assigned material applying principles studied in:
      1. vocal technique
      2. musicality
      3. communication of text
      4. develop effective stage presence at the intermediate level
    2. Perform group and solo repertoire as assigned
      1. develop ensemble singing skills
      2. ability to work with an accompanist
  7. Exposure to a wide variety of performances of vocal artists and repertoire
    1. Live performances
    2. Media: video and recorded material
Methods of Evaluation -
  1. Class participation applying techniques covered from warm-ups through songs
  2. Mastery of Intermediate repertoire assigned: vocal technique, musicality, text
  3. Performance of songs demonstrating accuracy of rhythm, breath support, resonance, dealing with register shifts, diction, communication and interpretation of text.
  4. Research and written assignment reports and projects.
  5. Periodic quizzes on course content.
  6. The Final Exam will consist of a performance of repertoire developed during the quarter.
Representative Text(s) -
Bunch, Meredith and Vaughn, Cynthia, The Singing Book, W.W. Norton & Company, 2004.
Hamady, Jennifer, The Art of Singing, Milwaukee: Hal Leonard Corporation, 2009.
Paton, John Glenn, The Foundations in Singing, New York, McGraw-Hill, 2005.

Repertoire for the course will be chosen from a wide range of vocal literature from classical through contemporary at the instructor's discretion so that the student will successfully be able to develop in their vocal skills.

Disciplines -
Method of Instruction -
Lecture and demonstration, individual and group singing, discussion, listening examples and attendance of vocal performances.
Lab Content -
  1. Supervised rehearsal of assignments and projects.
  2. Ensemble and solo coaching.
  3. Exercises in expression and connection to text.
  4. Repertoire building and exploration.
Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
  1. Review of handouts and relevant reading materials
  2. Reading and study of the textbook
  3. Write self-evaluation journal
  4. Write text analysis and translation as needed
  5. Write Concert reports as assigned