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Effective: Summer 2014
DMS 72ADIAGNOSTIC MEDICAL SONOGRAPHY PROCEDURES & APPLICATIONS11.5 Unit(s)

Prerequisites: Prerequisites: BIOL 40A, 40B and 40C.
Corequisites: Corequisites: DMS 50A, 50B and 60A.
Grade Type: Letter Grade Only
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Non-GE Transferable: CSU
1 hour lecture, 32 hours laboratory. (396 hours total per quarter)

Student Learning Outcomes -
  • Produce diagnostic sonographic images, optimizing technical factors.
  • Acquire and analyze data obtained using ultrasound and related diagnostic technologies.
Description -
Instruction to develop the fundamental skills, procedures and applications for sonographic image acquisition. Includes instruction in establishing technical quality, interpretation, analysis, and case presentation. Includes hands-on participation in a structured lab setting with emphasis on simulation and live scanning exercises plus clinical preceptorship. Intended for students in the diagnostic medical sonography program.

Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
  1. recognize commonly obtained scan planes, recognized landmarks.
  2. define and apply standards for image acquisition.
  3. recognize and correlate anatomical structures.
  4. operate with supervision, sonography equipment.
  5. explain and use key control functions of ultrasound equipment.
  6. obtain patient clinical information in a simulated medical setting.
  7. present a clinical cases using interpretative analysis.
  8. perform the duties and tasks according to the description of the DMS Assistant.
Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
DVD/TV-monitor, view boxes, computer stations, medical sonography equipment.

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. recognize commonly obtained scan planes, recognized landmarks.
    1. saggital
    2. transverse
    3. coronal
    4. intercostal
  2. define and apply standards for image acquisition.
    1. contrast quality standards with suboptimal cases from files
    2. interpretative skills along with case analysis
  3. recognize and correlate anatomical structures.
    1. obtain, images with targeted anatomical structures as indicated by instructor
    2. cite relationship of organs and blood vessels
  4. operate with supervision, sonography equipment.
    1. keyboard information
    2. annotate date
    3. TGC
    4. gain
    5. tissue harmonics
    6. field of view
    7. measurements
    8. relationships of body position to monitor display
  5. explain and use key control functions of ultrasound equipment.
  6. obtain patient clinical information in a simulated medical setting.
    1. from the waiting room to the examination room
    2. describe the sonographic procedure to take place
    3. ascertain examination relevant information.
  7. present a clinical cases using Interpretative analysis.
    1. research information for clinical case presentation
    2. include clinical information
    3. include lab data
    4. include sonographic findings
    5. correlate with pathology findings
  8. perform the duties and tasks according to the description of the DMS Assistant.
  9. differentiate patient preparation for
    1. abdominal examinations
    2. gynecology examinations
    3. obstetrical examinations
    4. superficial examinations
    5. vascular examinations
    6. invasive procedures
    7. cite protocols for the above examinations and procedures
  10. perform vital signs and additional required tasks
    1. blood pressure
    2. pulse
    3. respiration
    4. perform safely patient transfer including wheelchair, gurney, lifts, locks,
Methods of Evaluation -
Demonstration of mastery of material and technical skills through oral, practical laboratory exercises, clinical experience, written forms.
Representative Text(s) -
Curry, R. Tempkin, B, Ultrasonography: An Introduction to Normal Structures and Functional Anatomy, 3rd ed. Phil., 2011.
Curry, R. Tempkin, B, Ultrasonography: An Introduction to Normal Structures and Functional Anatomy: Workbook, 3rd ed. Phil., 2011.

Disciplines -
Diagnostic Medical Technology
 
Method of Instruction -
Lecture presentations, Cooperative learning exercises, Demonstration, Internship/preceptorship, Clinical Lab.
 
Lab Content -
  1. Laboratory Exercises: lab exercises in the DMS Lab. Each lab exercise may be individual or group activities and covers assigned reading, lecture topics, and clinical experiences.
  2. Laboratory Exercises, demonstration, and exercises. Each lab exercise will include individual or group participation. It will incorporate simulation training, individual tasks, interactivity with interactive case analysis and CD/DVD media.
 
Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
  1. Reading materials from texts and website research on patient pathology.
  2. Critical analysis of patient examinations and findings.
  3. Review of relevant published data as related to sonographic evidence of pathology and/or variants.
  4. Report writing per patient case.