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Effective: Summer 2014
DMS 60CCRITIQUE & PATHOLOGY III2 Unit(s)

Prerequisites: Prerequisite: DMS 60B.
Grade Type: Letter Grade Only
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Non-GE Transferable: CSU
2 hours lecture. (24 hours total per quarter)

Student Learning Outcomes -
  • Recognize normal and abnormal anatomical structures.
  • List the differential diagnosis that is responsible for sonographic changes.
Description -
Interpretation and critique of normal and abnormal anatomy with correlation of didactic, clinical and image information. Written and oral case presentations with emphasis on gynecological and abdominal subjects. Intended for students in the diagnostic medical sonography program.

Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
  1. demonstrate listening, writing, and speaking, communication skills, use of sonographic nomenclature through performance.
  2. define ethical and professional values related to sonography and medicine and its impact on patient/workers from various cultures, gender, and age populations.
  3. define the data found on the ultrasound examinations including artifacts.
  4. prepare and present a case study using the criteria provided to conform to quality case studies.
Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
VCR/TV, internet access, computer, monitor, viewboxes.

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. Communication characteristics for listening, verbal, and written skills.
    1. listen to patients history and write findings using medical nomenclature
    2. interview patients and prepare written reports
  2. Communication using profession specific nomenclature.
  3. Assessing and obtaining pertinent clinical information.
    1. components of the clinical report
    2. assessing relevant from non relevant data
  4. Image Quality Recognition for interpretation, presentation, and technical quality.
    1. produce quality studies for the physician to interpret
    2. contrast diagnostic quality of examinations from suboptimal studies
  5. Components of a Case review and presentation including research.
    1. internet research to develop the Case Review and presentation
    2. internet research for the differential diagnosis
  6. Applying described techniques to patients from diverse cultural, emotional, and socioeconomic status with sensitivity to their rights and comforts.
  7. Artifacts
    1. determine useful artifacts from other types of artifacts
  8. all with an emphasis on gynecology and abdominal subjects
Methods of Evaluation -
  1. Written quizzes
  2. Case presentations
  3. Case research
  4. Comprehensive final exam
Representative Text(s) -
Kawamura, D., Lunsford, B.; Abdomen and Superficial Structure, 3rd ed., Baltimore: Lippincott Williams& Wilkins, Baltimore, MD, 2012.
Kawamura, D., Lunsford, B.;Workbook for DMS: A Guide to Clinical Practice, Abdomen and Superficial Structure, 3rd ed., Baltimore: Lippincott Williams& Wilkins, Baltimore, MD, 2012.
Stephenson, S., Diagnostic Medical Sonography: Obstetrics and Gynecology, 3rd ed., Baltimore: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 2012.
Hall-Terracciano, B., Stephenson, S., Workbook for Diagnostic Medical Sonography: A Guide to Clinical Practice, Obstetrics and Gynecology, 3rd ed., Baltimore: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 2012.

Disciplines -
Diagnostic Medical Technology
 
Method of Instruction -
Lecture presentations, Cooperative learning exercises, Oral presentations, and demonstration.
 
Lab Content -
Not applicable.
 
Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
Read the following position papers:
  1. Scrotal Sonography: Detection of Scrotal Pathology with Ultrasound
  2. Acute Abdomen: Evaluation of the Acute Abdomen
  3. Breast Sonography: Sonographic Evaluation of the Breast
  4. Embryology, Placenta: Embryology, Pathophysiology, and the Placenta
  5. Sonographic Evaluation of Ectopic Pregnancies"