|1. Description - |
|Discussion and demonstration of supplemental dental hygiene functions: digital intraoral photography, dental hygiene instrumentation, ultrasonic and microultrasonic scaling techniques. Supportive course to reinforce and amplify the knowledge and skills needed to perform dental hygiene procedures in the clinical setting for D H 62B. Intended for students in the dental hygiene program.|
|Prerequisite: Admission to the Dental Hygiene Program.|
|2. Course Objectives - |
|The student will be able to: |
Dental Hygiene Process of Care
Health Education Strategies
- assess patient oral conditions and determine appropriate instruments for effective dental hygiene instrumentation.
- demonstrate the correct use of curets, sickles, curvettes and other additional instruments on typodonts and patients.
- identify the armamentarium, value of and technique for taking digital intraoral imaging.
- demonstrate the proper technique for digital intraoral imaging.
- state the design, function, advantages and disadvantages of advanced dental hygiene instruments.
- list the indications and contraindications for ultrasonic/sonic scaling.
- compare and contrast the mode of action of the magnetostrictive ultrasonic, piezoelectric ultrasonic and sonic scaling units.
- compare and contrast sonic, ultrasonic, and manual scaling techniques.
- outline the procedure involved for instrumentation with an ultrasonic scaler.
- generate criteria for evaluation of the periodontal debridement process with the ultrasonic instrument and apply these criteria during and after patient treatment.
- identify the various microultrasonic instrument inserts
- choose appropriate ultrasonic and microultrasonic tips for use on the various tooth surfaces.
- demonstrate the proper technique for removing calculus utilizing ultrasonic/microultrasonic scalers.
Infection & Hazard Control Procedures
- Discuss the indications and procedure for use of the ultrasonic and microultrasonic with the patient.
Ethical & Legal Principles
- describe the steps to assure patient and operator protection when using the ultrasonic scaler.
- list precautions for ultrasonic scaling to assure proper instrumentation techniques.
- demonstrate proper infection control protocol with the ultrasonic/microultrasonic instrument.
Foothill College Dental Hygiene Program Competencies
- List legal duties for California dental hygienists for sonic and ultrasonic scaling devices, advanced periodontal debridement techniques and new technologies.
- Accurately record and maintain data in a patient's chart and dental records according to clinic protocol.
- Maintain a high degree of professional ethics and conduct interactions with patients, faculty, and fellow classmates appropriately.
- Maintain a patient's right to privacy during all phases of the dental hygiene process and when documenting findings in the patient's chart.
- Perform all phases of the dental hygiene process to acceptable standards of care.
- Exhibit sensitivity to individuals' emotions, needs, rights and comforts with emphasis on the influence of cultural, psychosocial and other factors.
Our graduates will be competent:
- in assessing the oral health needs of diverse populations and providing comprehensive dental hygiene care for persons of all ages/stages of life.
- in health education strategies for the prevention of disease & the promotion of health for individual clients and the community.
- in infection & hazard control procedures to prevent the transmission of infectious diseases.
- in the ethical & legal principles underlying the practice of dental hygiene.
|3. Special Facilities and/or Equipment - |
|Multi-media classroom, dental hygiene clinic. Personal protection barriers, instrument kit, expendable supplies kit. |
|4. Course Content (Body of knowledge) - |
- Digital Intraoral Imaging (Lec, Lab)
- Digital camera
- CD/DVD/flash drive
- Mouth retractors
- Mouth mirrors for camera
- Digital Intraoral Imaging Technique
- Teeth in normal bite
- Teeth with edge to edge bite
- Maxillary occlusal
- Mandibular occlusal
- Right lateral view
- Left lateral view
- Linguals of mandibular anteriors
- Dental Hygiene Instrumentation (Lec, Lab)
- Advantages and disadvantages
- Areas of use
- Instruments - advanced dental hygiene techniques
- Graceys: after 5's, 15/16, 17/18
- Nevi posterior sickle
- New technology instruments
- Ultrasonic Scaling (Lec, Lab)
- Types of ultrasonics
- Ultrasonic inserts
- Manual vs. ultrasonic technique
- Indications for use
- Contraindications for use
- Patient and operator protection
- Protective attire
- Infection control techniques
- Patient selection
- Ultrasonic scaling procedure
- Microultrasonic Scaling (Lec, Lab)
- Types of microultasonics
- Microultrasonic inserts
- Indications for use
- Contraindications for use
- Patient selection
- Microultrasonic Scaling procedure
|5. Repeatability - Moved to header area.|
|6. Methods of Evaluation - |
- Complete written examinations on subject areas to a level of 75%.
- Complete final written examination a level of 75%.
- Clinical Proficiencies:
- As recorded on a process evaluation, complete clinical proficiencies on ultrasonic instrumentation to a level of 75%.
- As recorded on a process evaluation, complete clinical proficiencies on microultrasonic instrumentation to a level of 75%.
- As recorded on a process evaluation, complete instrumentation proficiencies on curette, sickle, and other instruments to a level of 75%.
- Project Requirements:
- As recorded on a digital photography evaluation, complete a digital series to a level of 75%
- Class Participation:
- Students must prepare for all classes as demonstrated by having all necessary supplies and equipment in lecture and lab and by participating in class discussions.
- Students will be evaluated on attendance and punctuality.
|7. Representative Text(s) - |
|Nield-Gehrig, J., Fundamentals of Periodontal Instrumentation and Advanced Root Instrumentation, 6th edition, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA.: 2007. ISBN 0-7817-6992-2 |
Nield-Gehrig, J. & Willmann, D., Foundations of Periodontics for the Dental Hygienist, sixth edition, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA. 2007. ISBN 0-7817-8487-5
Darby, M. & Walsh, M., Dental Hygiene Theory & Practice, third edition, Elsevier, St. Louis, MO. 2010. ISBN 1-4160-6258-0
Malamed, Stanley F. Handbook of Local Anesthesia, fifth edition, Elsevier, St. Louis, MO. 2004. ISBN 0-323-03353-9
Kornegay, C. Clinical Dental Hygiene Theory Manual I, 2010.
|8. Disciplines - |
|Dental Hygiene |
|9. Method of Instruction - |
|Lecture, Laboratory. |
|10. Lab Content - |
|Practice techniques for clinical procedures: dental hygiene instruments, ultrasonic instrumentation, digital intraoral photography. |
|11. Honors Description - No longer used. Integrated into main description section.|
|12. Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments - |
- Read handouts and relevant reading materials.
- Practice advanced clinical techniques on typodont.
- Complete intraoral photographic assignment.
|13. Need/Justification - |
|This course is a required core course for the AS degree in Dental Hygeine. |