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Effective: Summer 2015

Advisory: Advisory: PSYC 1.
Grade Type: Letter Grade Only
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Non-GE Transferable: CSU
2 hours lecture. (24 hours total per quarter)

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Description -
Fundamentals of patient education to include: communication theory, development of client/clinician relationships, mechanical plaque removal techniques, antimicrobial therapies, nutritional counseling for dental hygiene, smoking cessation counseling, patient motivation with particular attention to psychological, social, and economic, cultural & life stage factors. Emphasis on prevention of dental diseases through effective patient education. Preventive dental products will be reviewed and analyzed. Intended for students in the dental hygiene program.

Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
Dental Hygiene Process of Care
  1. describe the characteristics of acute and chronic gingival alteration including location, and contributing factors, and corrective measures to be employed.
  2. state the characteristics of the various dentifrices available to consumers including purposes for use and active and therapeutic ingredients.
  3. list 3 causes of dentinal hypersensitivity.
  4. analyze the office and home treatment procedures which have proven to be effective in controlling dentinal hypersensitivity
  5. state the characteristics of self-prepared and commercial mouth rinses available to consumers including purposes for use and active and therapeutic ingredients.
  6. describe the rationale for using the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) and the Food Pyramid in assessing a patient's diet and recommending modifications.
  7. describe the purposes and characteristics of the following indices and perform and record these indices on a student partner: DMF Index, Plaque Index, Gingival Index, and the OHI-S Index.
  8. prepare an individual plan of preventive education with the component phases of assessment, planning,implementation, and evaluation.
  9. research a dental health product or supplementary aid, and present the findings to the class following the established criteria
  10. perform a dietary assessment and counseling as a component of dental hygiene care on a student partner
  11. discuss the importance of the role of the dental hygienist in education and motivating patients as to how to control and prevent dental disease, including tobacco counseling and cessation.

Health Education Strategies
  1. give examples of educational appeals that are successful for short-term and long-term patient motivation including the health belief model, avoiding anxiety, Maslow's hierarchy of needs, and stages in making a commitment to a new behavior.
  2. identify the principles of the teaching-learning process including: small step size, active participation,immediate feedback, and self pacing
  3. develop communication skills necessary for delivering oral hygiene instruction to patients utilizing the basic principles of communication theory.
  4. state the characteristics of a toothbrush that are important for effective plaque removal.
  5. describe, demonstrate, and state the indications for each of the following toothbrushing techniques: scrub method, roll stroke, modified Stillman's method, Charters method, Bass method, and automatic toothbrush
  6. describe, demonstrate, and state the indications and contraindications for use of the following interproximal plaque removal devices or massaging aids: dental floss, dental floss holder, dental floss threader, super floss, yarn, gauze strip, perio-aid, stimudent, interproximal brush, single tuft brush, rubber tip stimulator, and oral irrigator.
  7. discuss the importance of dental hygiene education as a component of dental hygiene care and as a function of the dental hygienist.

Infection & Hazard Control Procedures
  1. consistently apply all infection control procedures in the clinical setting.

Ethical & Legal Principles
  1. understand & adhere to the ethical & legal principals involved when performing dental hygiene procedures and give patient education for various oral health products.
  2. identify the allowable duties and level of supervision under the California Dental Practice Act for the dental hygienists.
  3. exhibit sensitivity to individual's emotions, needs, rights, and comforts with emphasis on the influence of cultural, psychosocial, and other factors.

Foothill College Dental Hygiene Program Competencies
Our graduates will be competent:
  1. in assessing the oral health needs of diverse populations and providing comprehensive dental hygiene care for persons of all ages/stages of life.
  2. in health education strategies for the prevention of disease & the promotion of health for individual clients and the community.
  3. in infection & hazard control procedures to prevent the transmission of infectious diseases.
  4. in the ethical & legal principles underlying the practice of dental hygiene.
Special Facilities and/or Equipment -

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. Patient Communication
    1. Principles of Communication Theory
      1. developing patient rapport
      2. the law of effect
      3. framework for identifying and analyzing performance problems
      4. process of effective communication
    2. Motivational Techniques
      1. Health Belief Model
      2. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
      3. stages in making a commitment to a new behavior
      4. avoiding anxiety
  2. Mechanical Plaque Removal
    1. Toothbrushing
      1. characteristics of an acceptable toothbrush
      2. toothbrushing methods: scrub method, roll stroke, modified Stillman's method, Charter's method, Bass method
    2. Interproximal Plaque Removal
      1. devices for interproximal plaque removal: dental floss, floss holder, floss threader, super floss, yarn, gauze strip, pipe cleaner, perio-aid, stimudent, interproximal brush
    3. Auxiliary Plaque Removal/Massaging Techniques
      1. rubber tip stimulator
      2. oral irrigator
      3. electric toothbrush
    4. Dentifrices
      1. ADA approved dentifrices
      2. dentifrice ingredients
      3. mechanism of action
  3. Dentinal Hypersensitivity
    1. Theories of dentinal hypersensitivity
      1. dentin innervation theory
      2. odontoblastic trandsducer theory
      3. hydrodynamic theory
    2. Treatment of hypersensitivity
      1. dentifrices
      2. in office treatments
  4. Antimicrobial Therapy
    1. Mouth rinses
      1. ADA approved mouth rinses
      2. active ingredients in mouth rinses
      3. 1st generation antimicrobials
      4. 2nd generation antimicrobials
    2. Tartar Control Toothpastes
      1. mechanism of action
      2. brands available
  5. Nutritional Counseling
    1. Nutritional counseling for the prevention of dental caries
      1. principles of dietary assessment
      2. dietary modifications for specific dental conditions
      3. counseling techniques
      4. DMF index
      5. def index
  6. Plaque Assessment Techniques
    1. Dental Indices
      1. OHI-S
      2. Gingival Index
      3. Plaque Index
  7. Evaluation of Dental Health Materials
    1. Researching dental health products
      1. written report dental health product
      2. oral report dental health product
Methods of Evaluation -
  1. Midterm
  2. Final Exam
  3. Oral Presentation & written report on oral health product research
  4. Written Abstract
  5. e-portfolio submission
Representative Text(s) -
&Darby, M. Walsh, M., Dental Hygiene Theory & Practice, 3rd. edition, W.B. Saunders Co, 2010
Spragge, P. Course Syllabus D H 73, current edition 2010.

Disciplines -
Dental Hygiene
Method of Instruction -
Lecture, Discussion, Oral presentations .
Lab Content -
Not applicable.
Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
  1. Weekly reading assignments.
  2. Research on oral care product.
  3. Abstract a journal article
  4. e-portfolio submission on dental health education.