Foothill CollegeApproved Course Outlines

Biological and Health Sciences Division
D H 71OFFICE EMERGENCY PROCEDURESSummer 2013
2 hours lecture.2 Units

Total Quarter Learning Hours: 24 (Total of All Lecture, Lecture/Lab, and Lab hours X 12)
 
 Lecture Hours: 2 Lab Hours: Lecture/Lab:
 Note: If Lab hours are specified, see item 10. Lab Content below.

Repeatability -
Statement: Not Repeatable.

Status -
 Course Status: ActiveGrading: Letter Grade Only
 Degree Status: ApplicableCredit Status: Credit
 Degree or Certificate Requirement: AS Degree
 GE Status: Non-GE

Articulation Office Information -
 Transferability: CSUValidation: 12/11/09; 11/26/12

1. Description -
This course is a study of common medical emergencies that may occur during delivery of dental care. Emphasis is placed on methods to prevent emergencies from occurring and procedures to manage emergency situations. Ethical and legal aspects in assisting during emergencies are also discussed. Intended for students in the dental hygiene program.
Prerequisite: Admission to the Dental Hygiene Program.
Co-requisite: None
Advisory: None

2. Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
  1. identify the common medical emergencies that occur in the dental office
  2. describe the underlying biological processes responsible for the emergency.
  3. describe the signs and symptoms for common medical emergencies.
  4. list procedures to manage common medical emergencies.
  5. indicate the methods to prevent common medical emergencies in the dental office
  6. identify the drugs and equipment used in the treatment of common medical emergencies and the components of a basic emergency kit and their primary uses in the emergency.
  7. identify patients who are at higher risk for medical emergencies through physical evaluations, such as vital signs and ASA assessment.
  8. practice simulated emergency situations and describe the procedures which would be appropriate in the management of these situations.
  9. describe the legal and ethical responsibilities of the dental team in the management of emergency situations.
3. Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
  1. Multi-media lecture room
  2. Dental units for simulated office situations, oxygen tanks and delivery unit, armamentarium for administration of emergency drugs.

4. Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. identify the common medical emergencies that occur in the dental office
    1. syncope
    2. postural hypotension
    3. angina
    4. acute myocardial infarct
    5. cerebrovascular accident
    6. choking
    7. hyperventilation
    8. asthma
    9. drug related emergencies
    10. diabetes mellitus
  2. describe the underlying biological processes responsible for the emergency.
    1. pathophysiology
    2. contribution of stress and anxiety
    3. pre-existing conditions
  3. describe the signs and symptoms for common medical emergencies.
    1. clinical manifestations
  4. list procedures to manage common medical emergencies.
    1. conscious patient versus unconscious patient
    2. patient positioning
    3. airway-breathing-circulation (BLS)
    4. definitive care
    5. staff assignments
  5. indicate the methods to prevent common medical emergencies in the dental office
    1. medical history assessment
    2. treatment modifications
    3. office and staff preparation
  6. identify the drugs and equipment used in the treatment of common medical emergencies and the components of a basic emergency kit and their primary uses in the emergency.
    1. equipment
      1. oxygen
      2. AED unit
      3. ambu bag
    2. drugs
      1. nitroglycerin pills or spray
      2. antihistamine
      3. epinephrine
      4. inhaler
      5. analgesic
      6. ammonia vaporale
      7. glucose
  7. identify patients who are at higher risk for medical emergencies through physical evaluations, such as vital signs and ASA assessment.
    1. ASA physical status clarification system
      1. ASA I
      2. ASA II
      3. ASA III
      4. ASA IV
      5. ASA V
  8. practice simulated emergency situations and describe the procedures which would be appropriate in the management of these situations.
    1. syncope
    2. postural hypotension
    3. angina
    4. acute myocardial infarct
    5. cerebrovascular accident
    6. choking
    7. hyperventilation
    8. asthma
    9. drug related emergencies
    10. diabetes mellitus
  9. describe the legal and ethical responsibilities of the dental team in the management of emergency situations.
    1. liability to staff and dentist
    2. risk management
    3. standard of care
    4. respondeat superior
    5. ethics
      1. patient autonomy
      2. nonmaleficence
      3. veracity
      4. competence
      5. integrity
5. Repeatability - Moved to header area.
 
6. Methods of Evaluation -
  1. Dentalcare.com continuing education assignments
  2. Multiple choice and short answer midterm and final exam
  3. Multiple choice and short answer quizzes
7. Representative Text(s) -
Malamed, S.F. Medical Emergencies in the Dental Office. 6th ed. St. Louis: CV Mosby, 2007. ISBN-13: 978-0-323-04236-2 (Textbook is nationally recognized as standard of care)

8. Disciplines -
Dental Technology

 
9. Method of Instruction -
  1. Lecture
  2. Discussion
  3. Oral presentations
  4. Demonstration
 
10. Lab Content -
Not applicable.
 
11. Honors Description - No longer used. Integrated into main description section.
 
12. Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
  1. Online continuing education short course and practice test.
  2. Journal articles on reserve in library for selected emergency situations.
13. Need/Justification -
This course is a required core course for the A.S. degree in Dental Hygeine.


Course status: Active
Last updated: 2014-03-19 20:58:57


Foothill CollegeApproved Course Outlines