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Effective: Summer 2013
D H 56APPLIED PHARMACOLOGY IN DENTISTRY2 Unit(s)

Prerequisites: Prerequisites: BIOL 58, D H 61A or licensed dental hygienist or dentist.
Grade Type: Letter Grade Only
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Non-GE Transferable: CSU
2 hours lecture. (24 hours total per quarter)

Student Learning Outcomes -
  • By the end of spring quarter, the dental hygiene student will be able to demonstrate a working knowledge of the implications for dental hygiene care for a commonly prescribed drug.
  • By the end of spring quarter, the dental hygiene student will be able to research and report on the indications for the use of a commonly prescribed drug.
Description -
Study of drugs by groups with special emphasis on those drugs and medications used in dentistry. Physical and chemical properties, dosage and therapeutic effects of each group of drug will be discussed. Dental hygiene implications for patients taking different drugs will be emphasized. Intended for students in the dental hygiene program.

Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
Dental Hygiene Process of Care:
  1. describe major pharmacological effects associated with specific drug groups.
  2. demonstrate a working knowledge of the 50 most commonly prescribed medications.
  3. use appropriate references to gain additional knowledge regarding specific pharmaceutical preparations.
  4. identify disease processes for which certain medications are prescribed.
  5. describe the dental management of diverse dental patients taking medications.

Dental Hygiene Program Competencies:
  1. in assessing the oral health needs of diverse populations and providing comprehensive dental hygiene care for persons of all ages/stages of life.
  2. in health education strategies for the prevention of disease and the promotion of health for individual clients and the community.
  3. in infection and hazard control procedures to prevent the transmission of infectious diseases.
  4. in the ethical and legal principles underlying the practice of dental hygiene.
Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
  1. computer with internet access
  2. multimedia classroom for mandatory class meetings

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. describe major pharmacological effects associated with specific drug groups.
    1. therapeutic uses for each drug group.
    2. mechanism of action for each drug group.
    3. contraindications/precautions to the use of each drug group.
    4. clinically significant drug-drug, drug-food, and drug-disease interactions.
    5. "patient instructions" for each prescription drug group.
    6. "dental implications" for each drug group.
    7. treatment plan of patients taking medications.
    8. possible side effects of drugs that relate to the rendering of dental care.
  2. demonstrate a working knowledge of the 50 most commonly prescribed medications. Types of Drugs Covered in Course:
    1. Analgesics
    2. Antiinfective, Antifungal and Antiviral Agents
    3. Adrenocorticosteroids
    4. Cardiovascular Agents
    5. Respiratory and GI Drugs
    6. Oral Conditions and Their Treatment
    7. Anticonvulsant Agents
    8. Psychotherapeutic Drugs
    9. Antineoplastic Agents
    10. Local Anesthesia
  3. use appropriate references to gain additional knowledge regarding specific pharmaceutical preparations.
    1. compile a drug index for the 50 most commonly prescribed medications using a PDR or similar references.
  4. identify disease processes for which certain medications are prescribed.
    1. complete patient case studies on common diseases and medications used to control or treat those conditions.
  5. describe the dental management of diverse dental patients taking medications.
    1. complete weekly case study assignments on treatment modifications for patients taking specific medications in the dental office.
Methods of Evaluation -
  1. The student will be evaluated on the basis of written tests that include case-based scenarios and a multi-course project covering 3 topics (special patients, general pathology and pharmacology).
  2. Weekly quizzes and assignments will also be evaluated.
Representative Text(s) -
Wynn, Richard L., Timothy F. Meiller, and Harold L. Crossley. Drug Information Handbook. Hudson, Ohio: Lexi-Comp, Inc, 2011.
Pickett, Frieda A. and Geza T. Terezhalmy. Basic Principles of Pharmacology with Dental Hygiene Applications. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2009.

Disciplines -
Dental Technology
 
Method of Instruction -
  1. Lecture
  2. Cooperative learning exercises
  3. Self-paced
  4. Electronic discussions/chat
  5. Online presentation of course material
 
Lab Content -
Not applicable.
 
Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
  1. Website research of disease and related medications. Submission of written report.
  2. In-depth web and current scientific journals research on specific prescribed medications. Submission of written report.
  3. Weekly reading of textbook and course web material of approximately 20-30 pages.
  4. In-depth web and written material research of common antidepressant drugs. Submission of written report.