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Effective: Summer 2015

Advisory: Advisory: Admission to the Dental Hygiene Program.
Grade Type: Letter Grade Only
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Non-GE Transferable: CSU
3 hours lecture. (36 hours total per quarter)

Student Learning Outcomes -
  • The student will create their e-portfolio and submit a project on infection control as documentation of their competency in infection control procedures.
  • The student will explain the ethical obligations to maintain the standards of dental care adhering to infection control protocols that are consistent with current federal, state, and local laws and guidelines.
Description -
The first in a three course series in dental hygiene theory and practice. Focus on the principles of assessment techniques as the first phase of the dental hygiene process of care. The rationale for collection of assessment data, and associated clinical procedures will be discussed. Intended for students in the dental hygiene program.

Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
Dental Hygiene Process of Care
  1. explain the steps of a medical/dental history interview
  2. identify specific conditions that may indicate the need for a physician consultation regarding antibiotic premedication, alteration of medication, special appointment planning, additional laboratory studies, and special precaution to prevent disease transmission and allergic reactions.
  3. list the gross structures of the head, neck, and oral cavity and the normal range of clinical appearance for each.
  4. explain the procedure for the extra/intraoral examination including the normal range of clinical appearance for these structures and common abnormalities that may be associated with them.
  5. list the five categories to be included in the description of an atypical extra/intraoral lesion.
  6. select the appropriate term from the glossary of extra/intraoral lesions to describe an atypical finding.
  7. identify factors involved in the formation of dental caries including: susceptible tooth surface, fermentable carbohydrate, and bacteria.
  8. compare and contrast pit and fissure caries, smooth surface caries, and root caries.
  9. recognize some of the visible signs of adult periodontitis including: recession, color of gingiva, surface texture of gingiva, contour of gingiva, and bleeding on probing.
  10. correctly use dental terminology when communicating through oral and written means to faculty and fellow classmates.

Health Education Strategies
  1. describe the roles of bacterial plaque, other soft deposits, and calculus in relation to dental health and disease.
  2. explain the role that saliva plays in the formation of dental caries.

Infection & Hazard Control Procedures
  1. analyze the benefits and limitations of the health history and extra/intraoral examination, in identifying potential sources of infection and the necessity for standard blood and body fluid precautions.

Ethical & Legal Principles
  1. understand and apply the principles of law and ethics related to assessment procedures in dental hygiene practice.

Foothill College Dental Hygiene Program Competencies
Our graduates will be competent:
  1. In the assessing the oral health needs of diverse populations in order to plan, implement & evaluate dental hygiene care for persons of all ages/stages of life.
  2. In health education strategies for the prevention of disease & the promotion of health for individual clients and the community.
  3. In infection & hazard control procedures to prevent the transmission of infectious diseases.
  4. In the ethical & legal principles underlying the practice of dental hygiene.
Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
Multimedia classroom.

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
This course will be organized into 3 modular components of varying length and structure:
  1. Assessment Process of Dental Hygiene Care
    1. The personal/social history, medical history, dental history, vital signs.
    2. The extra/intraoral examination.
    3. Describing atypical lesions of the head and neck.
    4. The gingival evaluation.
    5. Periodontal evaluation and description.
    6. Assessment of dentition: caries, occlusion,
  2. Basic Dental Anatomy for Assessment Procedures
    1. Structures of the oral cavity
    2. Structures of the head and neck
    3. Structures of the periodontium
  3. Dental Disease Processes
    1. Formation of dental caries
    2. Dental deposits: plaque, calculus
    3. Progression of periodontal disease
Methods of Evaluation -
  1. Quizzes
  2. Written midterm (75% minimum passing score)
  3. Written final (75% minimum passing score)
  4. Presentation of research
  5. e-portfolio
Representative Text(s) -
Spragge, Phyliss, Dental Hygiene 53 Course Syllabus, 2015.
Darby, M. & Walsh, M., Dental Hygiene Theory & Practice, 5th. edition, W.B. Saunders Co; Philadelphia, PA.: W.B. Saunders, 2014.
Wynn, R., et al Drug Information Handbook for Dentistry, 20th. edition, Hudson, OH, Lexicomp, 2014.
Nield-Gehrig, Patient Assessment Tutorials, 2012, 3rd edition Lippincott

Disciplines -
Dental Technology
Method of Instruction -
  1. Lecture
  2. Discussion
  3. Cooperative learning exercises
  4. Oral presentations
Lab Content -
Not applicable.
Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
  1. Weekly reading assignments (50-100 pages).
  2. Research on a dental hygiene related topic.
  3. Group project on research topic.
  4. e-portfolio submission on infection control.