|1. Description - |
|The first in a 3 course series in dental hygiene theory and practice. Focus on the principles of assessment techniques as the first phase of the dental hygiene process of care. The rationale for collection of assessment data, and associated clinical procedures will be discussed. Introduces infectious diseases important to dentistry, hazardous materials management, and waste management, and rules of regulatory agencies (OSHA, CDC and ADA). Intended for students in the dental hygiene program.|
|Prerequisite: Admission to the Dental Hygiene Program.|
|2. Course Objectives - |
|The student will be able to: |
Assess the oral health needs of diverse populations and providing comprehensive dental hygiene care for persons of all ages/stages of life.
- explain the steps and perform a medical/dental history interview
- identify specific conditions that may indicate the need for a physician consultation regarding antibiotic premedication, alteration of medication, special appointment planning, additional laboratory studies, and special precaution to prevent disease transmission and allergic reactions.
- list the gross structures of the head, neck, and oral cavity and the normal range of clinical appearance for each.
- explain the procedure for the extra/intraoral examination including the normal range of clinical appearance for these structures and common abnormalities that may be associated with them.
- list the five categories to be included in the description of an atypical extra/intraoral lesion.
- select the appropriate term from the glossary of extra/intraoral lesions to describe an atypical finding.
- identify factors involved in the formation of dental caries including: susceptible tooth surface, fermentable carbohydrate, and bacteria.
- compare and contrast pit and fissure caries, smooth surface caries, and root caries.
- recognize some of the visible signs of adult periodontitis including: recession, color of gingiva, surface texture of gingiva, contour of gingiva, and bleeding on probing.
- correctly use dental terminology when communicating through oral and written means to faculty and fellow classmates.
Perform health education strategies for the prevention of disease & the promotion of health for
individual clients and the community
- describe the roles of bacterial plaque, other soft deposits, and calculus in relation to dental health and disease.
- explain the role that saliva plays in the formation of dental caries.
- exhibit sensitivity to individual's emotions, needs, rights, and comforts with emphasis on the influence of cultural, psychosocial, and other factors.
In infection & hazard control procedures to prevent the transmission of infectious diseases.
- exhibit professionalism in his/her dress and correspondence with faculty and fellow classmates.
- analyze the benefits and limitations of the health history and extra/intraoral examination, in identifying potential sources of infection and the necessity for universal blood and body fluid precautions.
- summarize diseases that may be transmitted in the dental setting, and explain their mode of transmission.
- identify basic concepts involved in infectious disease control in the dental setting.
- describe pathways of cross contamination that can occur in the dental setting.
- identify precautions dental care personnel should routinely use to ensure protection against exposure to infectious diseases.
In the ethical & legal principles underlying the practice of dental hygiene.
- explain the ethical obligations to maintain standards of dental care which adhere to infection control protocols consistent with current federal, state, and local guidelines
- value the need to maintain a high degree of professional ethics and conduct in interactions with faculty and fellow classmates.
Foothill College Dental Hygiene Program Competencies
Our graduates will be competent:
- in assessing the oral health needs of diverse populations and providing comprehensive dental hygiene care for persons of all ages/stages of life.
- in health education strategies for the prevention of disease & the promotion of health for individual clients and the community.
- in infection & hazard control procedures to prevent the transmission of infectious diseases.
- in the ethical & legal principles underlying the practice of dental hygiene.
|3. Special Facilities and/or Equipment - |
|Multimedia classroom. |
|4. Course Content (Body of knowledge) - |
|This course will be organized into 4 modular components of varying length and structure: |
- Preparation for Patient Care
- Transmissible diseases in the dental setting
- Federal, state, and local guidelines for establishing an infection control protocol
- Principles of infection control.
- Assessment Process of Dental Hygiene Care
- The personal/social history, medical history, dental history.
- The extra/intraoral examination.
- Periodontal evaluation.
- The gingival evaluation.
- Basic Dental Anatomy
- Structures of the oral cavity
- Structures of the head and neck
- Structures of the periodontium
- Dental Disease Processes
- Formation of dental caries
- Progression of periodontal disease
|5. Repeatability - Moved to header area.|
|6. Methods of Evaluation - |
- Written midterm
- Written final
- Abstract assignment
|7. Representative Text(s) - |
|Spragge, Dental Hygiene 53 Course Syllabus, 2013. |
Darby, M. & Walsh, M., Dental Hygiene Theory & Practice, 4th. edition, W.B. Saunders Co; Philadelphia, PA.: W.B. Saunders, 2013.
Wynn, R., et al Drug Information Handbook for dentistry, 18th. edition, Hudson, OH, Lexicomp, 2012.
Nield-Gehrig, Patient Assessment Tutorials, 2010, 2nd edition Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Spanish Terminology for the Dental Team, Mosby, 2012.
|8. Disciplines - |
|Dental Technology |
|9. Method of Instruction - |
- Cooperative learning exercises
- Field work
- Oral presentations
- Community service
|10. Lab Content - |
|Not applicable. |
|11. Honors Description - No longer used. Integrated into main description section.|
|12. Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments - |
- Weekly reading assignments.
- Written abstract of journal article.
- Group project on infection control.
- e-portfolio submission on infection control.
|13. Need/Justification - |
|This course is a required core course for the A.S. degree in Dental Hygeine. |