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Effective: Summer 2013
D A 71INFECTION CONTROL & HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT1.5 Unit(s)

Grade Type: Letter Grade Only
Not Repeatable.
FHGE: Non-GE Transferable: CSU
1.5 hours lecture. (18 hours total per quarter)

Student Learning Outcomes -
  • The student will be able to select the appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) for different dental procedures depending on the amount of exposure to potentially infectious blood and body fluids.
  • The student will be able to select the appropriate sterilization equipment depending on the type of instrument(s) and the dental office conditions.
Description -
Introduction to infectious diseases important to dentistry. Instruction on disinfection, instrument decontamination, sterilization procedures and tray set-up preparation. Regulatory compliance agencies such as OSHA, CDC and ADA recommendations. Hazardous materials management and waste management. Protocols and emergency procedures for hazardous and biohazardous waste or materials. Intended for students in the dental assisting program.

Course Objectives -
The student will be able to:
  1. select diseases or infectious conditions from a departmental list of common pathologies and associate each with the microorganism causing this condition.
  2. describe and explain methods and procedures for maintaining proper sterile and aseptic conditions in the dental office.
  3. select and demonstrate the appropriate methods for cleaning, sanitizing or sterilizing the various instruments and equipment.
  4. operate properly each of the various sterilization or sanitizing units.
  5. describe the compliance requirement for hazard communication management.
  6. describe the Occupational Safety and Health Administration requirements, the Centers for Disease Control Recommendations and the American Dental Association Recommendations for infection control in dental offices.
  7. associate breaches in ethical behavior and dental law related to infection control and hazardous waste management
Special Facilities and/or Equipment -
None required.

Course Content (Body of knowledge) -
  1. Infectious diseases of importance to dentistry
    1. Hepatitis
    2. HIV/AIDS
    3. Herpetoviruses
    4. Tuberculosis
    5. Legionnaires disease
  2. sterile and aseptic conditions
    1. Personal protective equipment
      1. gloves
      2. masks
      3. protective eyewear
      4. protective clothing
    2. disinfection
      1. disinfecting agents
      2. appropriate use of disinfectants
      3. choosing an appropriate disinfectant
  3. instrument processing
    1. instrument processing area
    2. appropriate techniques and equipment
    3. disposal of sharps
    4. disposal of biohazardous waste
  4. sterilization
    1. methods of sterilization
    2. types of sterilization
    3. appropriate sterilization techniques
    4. spore tests and process monitors
  5. hazardous communication
    1. determination of hazardous waste
    2. storage and disposal of hazardous waste
    3. MSDS
    4. documentation of hazardous waste disposal
  6. OSHA, CDC and ADA recommendations
    1. OSHA
      1. bloodborne pathogen standard
      2. employee training
      3. record keeping
      4. exposure control plan
    2. CDC
      1. infection control recommendations for dentistry
    3. ADA
      1. infection control recommendations for dental offices
  7. ethics and dental law
    1. ethical dilemmas with infection control
    2. liability associated with improper infection control
Methods of Evaluation -
  1. Multiple choice weekly quizzes.
  2. Multiple choice and short answer midterm & final exam.

Representative Text(s) -
Bird, DL, Robinson, DS. Modern Dental Assisting. 10th edition. St, Louis, MO: WB Saunders, 2012. ISBN: 978-1-4377-1729-7
Bird, DL, Robinson, DS. Student Workbook to Accompany Modern Dental Assisting. 10th edition. St, Louis, MO: WB Saunders, 2012. ISBN: 978-1-4377-2728-9



Disciplines -
Dental Technology
 
Method of Instruction -
  1. Lecture
  2. Small group collaboration
 
Lab Content -
Not applicable.
 
Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing and Outside of Class Assignments -
  1. Chapters 18-71 readings from required textbook.